Article

Read

Yate

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates 51° 32′ N, 2° 25′ W

Karte: Vereinigtes Königreich

marker
Yate
Magnify-clip.png

United Kingdom

Yate is a town with a population of 21,491 (2001) in the Unitary Authority of South Gloucestershire in England, located near Bristol.

History

Yate lies at the southern end of the Cotswolds. Archaeological evidence suggests settlement as far back as Roman times, and there is evidence of a Church of Worcester building used for religious purposes around 770. The name of the town derives from the word Giete or Gete, which in the Anglo-Saxon language meant something like gateway to woodland. In fact, the area of South Gloucestershire was once quite predominantly wooded. The church of St Mary dates back to Norman times, but was substantially rebuilt in the 14th and 15th centuries.

Yate was connected to the British railway network in 1844. In the early 20th century, an aircraft hangar was commissioned in Yate, where British aircraft were repaired during the First World War. Later, the aircraft manufacturer Parnall moved its production facilities from Bristol to Yate.

Until the 1960s, Yate was just a small town. The town got its current face in the 1960s, when settlement measures turned the small place into a small town.

Industry

Until the Second World War, Yate had a large aircraft factory called Parnall. During the war, the company specialized in the production of war guns. Many workers were killed by air raids in February and March 1941.

Yate has 3 natural products with which it is associated – limestone in the east, feldspar in the centre and coal in the west. The demand for limestone increased with the development of roads, while the supply from coal decreased more and more due to the decreasing demand for timber.

Administration

Yate was formerly part of the county of Gloucestershire. In 1974, the town was assigned to the newly formed County of Avon and was part of the district of Northavon. However, this county was dissolved in 1996; since then Yate belongs to the independent territorial authority (Unitary Authority) South Gloucestershire.

Districts

  • Goose Green
  • Westerleigh
  • The Birds
  • Abbotswood
  • Rodford
  • Stover
  • North Yate
  • Brimsham Park

Famous people

Yate is the birthplace of Harry Potter author Joanne Kathleen Rowling, although other sources give the neighbouring village of Chipping Sodbury.

Twinning

Yate is twinned with Bad Salzdetfurth (Lower Saxony) and Genieri (Gambia).

Picture gallery