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Wulfelade

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Wulfelade
City of Neustadt am Rübenberge
Wappen von Wulfelade

Coordinates 52° 34′ 16″ N, 9° 30′ 2″ O

Height: 36 m a.s.l
Area: 7.1 km²[1]
Residents: 369 (31 Dec. 2020)[2]
Population Density: 52 inhabitants/km²
Incorporation: 1.March 1974
Zip code: 31535
Area code: 05072
Wulfelade (Niedersachsen)
Wulfelade

Location of Wulfelade in Lower Saxony

Dorfplatz
Village square

Wulfelade is a village and northern district of Neustadt am Rübenberge in the Hannover region in Lower Saxony.

Geography

Wulfelade is located at the edge of the Leine floodplain on the Hanoverian moorland about seven to eight kilometres north of Neustadt am Rübenberge as the crow flies. In the northern part of Wulfelade there is an end moraine landscape, in the southern part the flat Leine lowlands, the marsh.

The Wulfelader Feldmark has a size of 709 ha and 56 ares. It is elongated from northeast to southeast (5,650 m) and is relatively hilly. Its southern border is the Leineaue. Wulfelade is surrounded by cultivated land, which is broken by smaller forest strips or wooded hills (Metzgenberg, Schwarzer Berg, Legten). In the northern part of the Feldmark, mainly around the Lohberg, there is a wind farm with 14 wind turbines. The Lohberg is also the highest point of Wulfelade.

The old town centre is located in the area around the Moritzgraben and south of the Wulfelader Straße. North of the old town centre up to the “Schwarzen Berg” lies a new development area, which was built after the Second World War. It borders Büren to the north and Evensen to the northeast. Mariensee is located to the southwest.

History

The first settlers in the area of Wulfelade can be securely proven around 750 BC, i.e. in the early Iron Age. They must have stayed there for a long time, as there are relatively many finds from this period. Probably the best known find site is the “Black Mountain” northeast of Wulfelade. It consists of three burial mounds, almost half of which have been removed by stump clearance. The remaining burial mounds show clear cauldron-like depressions as traces of earlier robbery excavations, which destroyed many archaeologically significant finds. “Grave robbers” often destroyed urns that were earlier clay vessels. On May 27, 1915, three Early Iron Age urns of the Harpstedt Rauhtopf type were recovered, attributed to the Harpstedt-Nienburg Group. In the 1950s and 1960s further urns were found in the “Black Mountain”.

Another burial mound is located on the boundary of the district of Büren, but is very badly ransacked by game. Several urns were also found in the “Metzgenberg”. At the turn of the 20th century, urns from the Early Iron Age and several stone axes were also found along the present-day road to Büren, but these were “lost”. Here, too, several urns were destroyed during further robbery excavations. A stone axe was also found in Trendelmoor, and Early Iron Age urns were also found in “Legten”.

Medieval

The area of today’s Wulfelade belonged to the settlement area of the Saxons in the early Middle Ages. The tribe of the Engern was resident here. At this time (600-700) the first settlement nuclei arose in the Neustädter Land.

After the conquest by the Franks coming from the west under Charlemagne (772-804), the previously “pagan” area was forcibly Christianized. Bishoprics and monasteries were founded for this purpose. The most important Saxon monastery of this period was the monastery of Corvey on the Weser, founded in 822. A baptistery was built in Mandelsloh in 880.

First documented mentions

Some sources suggest that Wulfelade is first documented in 1217 under the name “wluelage” or “wluelo”.[3] At that time Wulfelade belonged to the parish of Mandelsloh.

However, there is apparently an earlier documentary mention in the Registrum Erkenberti Corbeiensis Abbatis (Erkenbert von Homburg was Abbot of Corvey Monastery from 1107 to 1128). There, Wulfelade, Wolvelage, is mentioned alongside Laderholz and Suttorf as a manor of Corvey Monastery. Therefore Wulfelade celebrated its 900th anniversary in 2007.

In another document dated February 2, 1390, the place is called “Wulvelaghe”. This document mentions the monastery mill near Wulfelade, which is powered by the Leine. The river was dammed at a weir for this purpose. Since the Leine was also used by smaller ships with which merchants from Hanover and Bremen transported their goods, the weir had to be opened when a ship arrived in order to let it pass. In this document, Hanover now undertook to compensate for any damage that might have occurred at the request of the Mariensee monastery.

Wulfelade initially belonged to the parish of Mandelsloh (since 880). Until about the Thirty Years’ War, Wulfelade was in possession of its own chapel, which is said to have fallen victim to a storm surge during a very strong storm. According to this, the chapel must have stood near the Leine. In this chapel baptisms of children were performed and communion was served to old people. Until 1543, however, Wulfelade had its regular church services in the Parochial Church in Mandelsloh.

From 1543 onwards, the Wulfelader Chapel belongs to the parish of Mariensee, which was founded in 1275, with its associated nunnery.

For Wulfelade, which was primarily agricultural, fishing was also of great importance in the 15th century, as the village was located on the Leine, which was presumably rich in fish at that time. A document from 1454 mentions that both the provost of Neustadt and the virgin of the monastery had a salmon fisherman in Wulfelade.

In the Calenberg muster roll of 1585 for the “performance of the land and hereditary tribute and subsequent muster by Duke Julius of Brunswick and Lüneburg”, the persons listed are divided into farmers, half-farmers, coopers and cottagers. For Wulfelade, mentioned in this document as “Wulvelage”, 28 persons between 26 and 60 years of age are listed.

Wulfelade had remained unscathed by warlike events until the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648). In 1626, after defeating Christian of Denmark at Lutter am Barenberge, Tilly’s troops devastated the entire Neustadt area. Also the plague was spread and so in many villages the population decreased, some villages became so-called deserts.

Linen Piercing

Wulfelade used to lie in the immediate vicinity of the Leine. This changed when the cutting of the Leine was completed in 1789. At Basse, the course of the river approached the Leine to about 400 metres, the Leine virtually made a “bend” past Wulfelade. In 1780 it was therefore decided to shorten the course of the Leine at Basse by planning a cut-through. When it was completed in 1789, it is said that it was the ship of a Bremen merchant that sailed through the new riverbed.

The riverbed, which was shut down by the cutting, was filled in with earth and partly turned into meadows. The Hagener Bach still partly flows past Wulfelade in the old riverbed of the Leine and flows into the Leine at the “Wulfelader Wehr”.

Before the Leine was cut through, traffic was routed via a ferry at Wulfelade, which, however, only carried passengers. If you wanted to cross with a wagon, you had to use the larger ferry at Basse. There was another ferry between Mandelsloh and Helstorf.

Incorporations

On 1 March 1974, Wulfelade was incorporated into the town of Neustadt am Rübenberge.[4]

Politics

Local Council

The joint local council of Mariensee, Empede/Himmelreich and Wulfelade is composed of two councilwomen and seven councilmen. In addition, there are 19 advisory members in the local council.[5][6]

Allocation of seats:

  • CDU: 6 seats
  • SPD: 3 seats

(Status: Local elections 11 September 2016)

Local Mayor

The mayor of the village is Heinrich Zieseniß (CDU). His deputy is Heinrich Dettmering (CDU).[5][6]

Coat of arms

In 1988, under the leadership and design of local architect Elisabeth Hinkes-Wollborn, Wulfelade received[7][8] an own village coat of arms. In 1989, after two years of planning, the citizens of Wulfelade were able to receive their coat of arms.[9]

Wappen von Wulfelade
Blazon: “In gold above a green shield base separated by a wave cut a black wolf’s head armed in red.”[9]
Coat of arms justification: The wolf’s head is supposed to be a symbol for the place name. Contrary to the assumption that the meaning lies between Wolfswald and Wolfslager, researchers have recently considered the possibility that the first two syllables could be an old Low German word meaning Wölbung or Walm. Thus Wulfelade would be a settlement lying on a bump. The golden background of the wolf is a reference to the intensive agriculture, which is still practiced in Wulfelade and points to the yield of the soil, the “gold” of the earth. The green base of the shield symbolizes the hilly landscape with its fields, forests and meadows between Geest and Marsch. The black wave cut is supposed to remind us of the old Leine, which flowed close to Wulfelade until 1789.

Culture and sights

Forest pool 2012

Buildings

  • The old Wulfelader Fährhaus is still standing today, it was formerly Hof Nr. 25. In this ferry house there was also an inn and next to the house a bowling alley. If you drive along the Moritzgraben in the direction of Marsch, the half-timbered house is on the right-hand side of the road, where it crosses a field path to Basse. The former inhabitants of this farm served the ferry before 1789. In a document from 1786 Ludwig Lammers is named as ferryman and fisherman. The bridge over the Hagener Bach in the old Leine bed, not far from the old ferry house, is therefore still called “Lammers’ bridge”.[10]
  • The Waldbad Wulfelade is an open-air swimming pool run by an association.

Monuments

See: List of monuments in Wulfelade

Web links

Commons: Wulfelade– Collection of images

Individual references


  1. Our villages introduce themselves – Mariensee/Wulfelade.In:Website of the city of Neustadt a. Rbge. 2016, retrieved on 14 October 2017.
  2. Inhabitants per place according to the population register.(PDF; 86 kB) In: Website Stadt Neustadtam Rübenberge. 21 January 2021, retrieved on 28 January 2021.

  3. Hans Ehlich: Peasants citizens burning villages. In: Calenberger Blätter. No. 4, Theo Oppermann Verlag, Wunstorf, p. 130.

  4. Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historisches Gemeindeverzeichnis für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Name, boundary and key number changes in municipalities, districts and administrative districts from 27.5.1970 to 31.12.1982. W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart/Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1, p. 198.
  5. a b
    Local council of the locality Mariensee/Wulfelade.In: Ratsinformationssystemder Stadt Neustadt a. Rbge. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  6. a b
    City elected officials.In: Ratsinformationssystemder Stadt Neustadt a. Rbge. Retrieved 1 December 2017.

  7. Coat of arms designs by Elisabeth Hinkes-Wollborn. In: Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved 1 December 2017.

  8. Elisabeth Hinkes-Wollborn:Architectural office Hinkes-Wollborn.In:website of thearchitectural firm. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
  9. a b The coat of arms of Wulfelade.In: officialwebsite of Wulfelade. Dorfgemeinschaft Wulfelade e. V., retrieved on 1 December 2017.

  10. A Leine ferry in Wulfelade.History, myths, facts, historical facts about Neustadt a. Rbge. In:www.ruebenberge.de. March 2008, retrieved on 1 December 2017.