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Wilhelm Bock (Politiker, 1895)

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Wilhelm Ernest Bock (* 27 December 1895 in Linz; † 31 October 1966 in Vöcklabruck) was an Austrian priest and Christian Social politician. From 1934 to 1938 he was mayor of Linz.

Life

Wilhelm Bock was born in Linz as the son of a state official. After graduating from the grammar school in Linz, he studied law at the University of Vienna from 1914. He was a member of the Catholic student fraternity KaV Norica Vienna. After an interruption due to the war, he received his doctorate in law in 1920 and then joined the Upper Austrian Provincial Fire Damage Insurance Company, of which he became deputy director.

In March 1934 Bock was appointed by Franz Nusko to the advisory board of the government commissioner for Linz and on 7 November 1934 was elected mayor of Linz by this body. During his term of office he endeavoured to provide productive welfare for the unemployed by means of numerous building measures, such as the construction of the Höhenstraße to the Freinberg and the intensification of social housing construction, which by 1938 had significantly reduced the number of unemployed. During these years he was also deputy federal leader and Upper Austrian regional leader of the Christian-German Gymnastics Association (now the Sports Union).

After the annexation of Austria in March 1938 and the seizure of power by the National Socialists, Bock was deposed as mayor on 12 March 1938, subsequently arrested and transferred to the Dachau concentration camp.

After his release from prison Bock entered the canonical monastery of Sankt Florian in August 1939 and was ordained priest in 1943. Afterwards he was chaplain in Lasberg in the Mühlviertel. In October 1944 Bock was again arrested by the National Socialists and transferred to the concentration camp Schörgenhub in Linz. In April 1945, through the intercession of the Auxiliary Bishop Josef Fließer of Linz, he was released and resumed his ministry in Lasberg.

In February 1946 he was called to the monastery of St. Florian and held various functions there until 1956. From 1956 he was the parish priest of Hofkirchen im Traunkreis and from 1958 until his death in 1966 the parish priest of Vöcklabruck.

Bock was buried in the priests’ cemetery of St. Florian Abbey. The Dr.-Wilhelm-Bock-Straße in Vöcklabruck was named after him.

Literature

  • Gerhard Hartmann: Wilhelm Bock. 2013.
  • Franz Leitner: Dr. Wilhelm Bock. From mayor of Linz to pastor of Vöcklabruck; first publication of his concentration camp letters from Dachau. Vöcklabruck, F. Leitner 2012, ISBN 3950165487.
  • Harry Slapnicka: Upper Austria. The political ruling class. Part: 1918 to 1938. Upper Austrian Provincial Archives, Linz 1976, ISBN 3-85214-381-0.

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Predecessor Office Successor
Josef Gruber Mayor of Linz
1934-1938
Sepp Wolkerstorfer