War of the Burgundian Succession (1002-1016)
The War of the Burgundian Succession from 1002 to 1016 was a war of succession between the French king Robert the Pious of the Capetian dynasty and Odo-Wilhelm of the House of Burgundy-Ivrea over the Burgundian inheritance of Henry the Great.
Course and accompanying circumstances
After Henry the Great died in 1002 without a natural male heir, his nephew Robert II. He claimed the Duchy of Burgundy as a settled fief and added it to the crown domain. He tried to enforce his claim by military force, but met resistance from the Burgundian nobility led by Henry’s adopted son Odo-Wilhelm, who also laid claim to Burgundy. A war of succession followed that was to last more than 14 years.
Since almost the entire Burgundian nobility sided with Odo-Wilhelm, Robert initially had few military successes, or they remained without effect. Only after Robert II had conquered Auxerre in 1005 did Odo-Wilhelm withdraw his claims. In 1006 peace was concluded and Odo-Wilhelm renounced his hereditary claim and from then on acted only on the other side of the Saône, where he had iure uxoris rights to rule. However, the war ended only after the capture of Sens (1015) and finally after the death of the oppositional Bishop Brun of Langres (1016).
Robert II did not assign the duchy he had won to the French crown domain as planned, but negotiated a compromise with the nobility of Burgundy. He secured autonomy for the duchy, but in return demanded the consent of the nobility for the appointment of his second-born son Henry as Burgundian duke. The counties of Auxerre and Nevers had fallen to the French king during the War of Succession, while Mâcon remained under the rule of the Odo-Wilhelms family, which also ruled the Kingdom of Burgundy.
- Robert II. → autocracy
- Otto Wilhelm
- Franche-Comté → History
- Hermann Kamp: Burgundy. History and Culture. Beck, ISBN 978-3-406-53614-4, Munich 2007, p. 45.