Tonghap Jinbo Party

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United Progressive Party
TonghapJinbodang logo.png
Foundation 5. December 2011
Ban 19. December 2014
Alignment Left politics, progressivism, liberalism
Color(s) Purple
Parliamentary seats 13 of 300 (Gukhoe, 2012)
Korean spelling
Korean alphabet: 통합진보당
Hanja: 統合進步黨
Revised Romanization: Tonghap-jinbo-dang
McCune-Reischauer: T’onghap-jinbo-tang

The Tonghap-jinbo party(Korean 통합진보당 RR

Tonghap-jinbo-dang, German United Progressive Party’) was a left-liberal party in South Korea that existed from December 2011 to December 2014.


The party was founded on December 5, 2011 by the merger of the Minju-nodong Party(민주노동당 ‘Democratic Workers’ Party’), the People’s Participatory Party, and part of the Jinbo-sin Party(진보신당 Jinbo-sin-dang, German ‘New Progressive Party’).[1] It was led by the triumvirate of Rhyu Si-min(유시민), Lee Jung-hee(이정희) and Sim Sang-jeong(심상정).[2]

After the April 11, 2012 general election, the party provided 13 of the 300 members in the Gukhoe, South Korea’s national assembly. It thus became the third strongest party in the assembly, after the conservative Saenuri Party(새누리당 Sae-nuri-dang, German ‘New World Party’) and the liberal Minju Party(민주당 Minju-dang, German ‘ Democratic Party’), which was formed in 2013 by renaming.

On December 19, 2014, the Tonghap-jinbo Party was dissolved by the South Korean Constitutional Court, accused of supporting the government of North Korea. The request was made by the government led by President Park Geun-hye(박근혜), who belongs to the Saenuri Party. The judges based their decision on the fact that the Tonghap-jinbo Party had posed a concrete threat to the basic democratic order and therefore the legal benefit outweighed the restriction of democratic rights. The deputies were also stripped of their mandates.[3]

The ban was preceded by the imprisonment of member Lee Seok-ki(이석기) for treason. The latter allegedly tried to carry out a coup against the South Korean government and a reunification under North Korean leadership with a group of about 130 people.[4]

See also

  • Political parties in South Korea

Individual references

  1. Minor parties launch ‘Unified Progressive Party’.In: The KoreaTimes. 5 December 2011, accessed 11 May 2016.

  2. Minority parties struggle.In: The KoreaHerald. 20 January 2012, accessed 11 May 2016.

  3. Constitutional Court decides to dissolve the UPP.In: KBS World. 21 December 2014, accessed 27 December 2014.

  4. Verdict in South Korea: Twelve years in prison for opposition leader Lee.In: SpiegelOnline. 17 February 2014, retrieved 25 December 2014.