Taurus (sign of the zodiac)
The zodiacal sign Taurus(ancient Greek ταῦρος
, Latin Taurus) corresponds to the second segment of the zodiac from 30° to 60° ecliptic longitude from the vernal equinox.
The Sun is in this sign on average between April 21 and May 21. Due to the migration of the vernal equinox, the zodiac sign Taurus no longer corresponds to the constellation Taurus. The Sun is in the constellation Taurus approximately between May 14 and June 21.
According to the Tetrabiblos of Claudius Ptolemy
- the bull is female (I.12),
- he is the house of Venus (I.17), and
- the moon is exalted in Taurus (I.19).
As a Melothesian equivalent, the neck was assigned to the bull in ancient iatroastrology as a human body part. The assigned deity was Venus, according to the ruler of the sign.
With Virgo and Capricorn, Taurus forms the trine of the earth element, and with Leo, Scorpio, and Aquarius, it forms the square of the four fixed signs.
The sign was already part of the Babylonian zodiac. On the MUL.APIN tablets it appears as “Bull of Heaven” or “Bull of Anu” (GUD.AN.NA). This is the same word used to describe the Bull of Heaven in the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh.
Since ancient times, the sign has been depicted as a bull with horns lowered to attack, with only the front half shown, which corresponds to the constellation. The astrological symbol is the stylization of a bull’s head (seen from the front) as a circle with a pair of horns attached.
The Unicode character for the symbol is U+2649 (♉).
- Wolfgang Hübner: Tierkreis. In: Der Neue Pauly (DNP). Band 12/1, Metzler, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-476-01482-7, Sp. 553-563.
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