Sugimoto Etsu Inagaki

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Sugimoto Etsu Inagaki (jap. 杉本 鉞子, Sugimoto Etsuko; b. 1873 in Nagaoka in Niigata Prefecture (formerly Echigo Province) northern Japan; † 1950), was a Japanese autobiographer and novelist.


Etsuko was born the daughter of a Karō, first counselor in the empire. The collapse of the feudal system shortly before her birth meant a decisive change in economic circumstances for her family.

According to Japanese custom, Etsuko had been betrothed as a little girl to a Japanese merchant who lived in Cincinnati in the United States. After attending a Methodist girls’ school, Etsuko was sent to Tokyo to prepare for her life in America. She became a Christian and left for her new homeland in 1898 to marry.
She soon became the mother of two daughters, whom she later educated in Japan. In New York City, Etsuko then turned to literature, teaching Japanese language, history and culture at Columbia University. Along the way, she wrote for newspapers and magazines. She returned to Japan in 1927. She died in 1950.


  • A Daughter of the Samurai, with Florence Wilson 1923, first published in Asia magazine[1]
    • engl. Daughter of the Samurai. Rowohlt 1957.
  • With Taro and Hana in Japan (in collaboration with Nancy Virginia Austen 23 September 1926)
  • A Daughter of the Narikin (1932)
  • In memoriam: Florence Mills Wilson (1933)
  • A Daughter of the Nohfu
    • dt. Marriage in Nippon. Holle & Co. 1935.
  • Grandmother O Kyo (1940)
  • But the Ships Are Sailing (1959)


Web links

Individual references

  1. Biographical data