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Stammbach

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Coat of arms Map of Germany
Wappen des Marktes Stammbach
Stammbach

Deutschlandkarte, Position des Marktes Stammbach hervorgehoben

Coordinates 50° 9′ N, 11° 42′ O

Basic data
State: Bavaria
Government District: Upper Franconia
County: Courtyard
Height: 550 m above sea level
Area: 34.67 km2
Residents: 2381[31 Dec, 2019][1]
Population Density: 69 Inhabitants per km2
Zip code: 95236
Primaries: 09256, 09255
License plate: HO, MÜB, NAI, REH, SAN
Municipal Code: 09 4 75 175
Market Breakdown: 45 Municipalities
Address of
Market Administration:
Rathausstr. 7
95236 Stammbach
Website: www.stammbach.de
First Mayor: Karl Philipp Ehrler (CSU)
Location of the market Stammbach in the district Hof
Template:Infobox Community in Germany/Maintenance/Market

Stammbach is a market in the Upper Franconian district of Hof. The place lies between the Fichtelgebirge and the Franconian Forest and belongs to the Hofer Land.[2]

Geography

Location

The community is located about 20 km east of Kulmbach. The A 9 motorway runs to the west.

Community structure

There are 45 parts of the municipality (settlement type is given in parentheses):[3]

  • Evening Glory (Wasteland)
  • Altpoppenreuth (wasteland)
  • Altstammbach (wasteland)
  • Bucheckeinzel (Wasteland)
  • Bucheckmühle (wasteland)
  • Bugeinzel b.Tennersreuth (wasteland)
  • Fleisnitz (village)
  • Fleisnitzmühle (wasteland)
  • Förstenreuth (village)
  • Gundlitz (Kirchdorf)
  • Hampelshof (hamlet)
  • Hartmann singles (wasteland)
  • Herrschrot (hamlet)
  • Höflein (wasteland)
  • Hohenbuchen (wasteland)
  • Höhlmühle (wasteland)
  • Horlachen (hamlet)
  • Cherry tree (wasteland)
  • Kropfeinzel (Wasteland)
  • Kropfmühle (Wasteland)
  • Lindenhof (wasteland)
  • Loh (Wasteland)
  • Metzlesdorf (hamlet)
  • Middle Single (Wasteland)
  • Oberbuch (wasteland)
  • Obereinzel (Wasteland)
  • Obertennersreuth (wasteland)
  • Oelschnitz (village)
  • Pumphaus a.Wildenhof (wasteland)
  • Querenbach (village)
  • Reba (Wasteland)
  • Rindlas (weekend house settlement)
  • Röhrigeinzel (wasteland)
  • Rifleman’s house (wasteland)
  • Senftenhof (wasteland)
  • Sickenreuth (wasteland)
  • Settlement a.d.Gundlitzer-Straße (hamlet)
  • Stammbach (main town)
  • Steinfurth (wasteland)
  • Tennersreuth (hamlet)
  • Sub-single (wasteland)
  • Weickenreuth (village)
  • Weissenstein (Wasteland)
  • Wildenhof (Wasteland)
  • Winklas (Wasteland)

There are the districts Fleisnitz, Förstenreuth, Gundlitz and Stammbach.

History

Until the 19th century

In the Stammbach area there are prehistoric and early historic ground monuments, which suggest an early settlement along the old roads. The ministerial dynasty of the Walpoten promoted the cultivation of the Stammbach area. Various noble families, partly related to them, were the successors. Marktschorgast, where the Würzburg old tithe can be traced, was the starting point for further settlement impulses. Later came the Andechs-Meranians and their heirs were briefly the Counts of Orlamünde. They were followed by the Burgraves of Nuremberg and later Margraves. They formed closed territories in the course of the centuries. Information about the time around 1535 is given in the land book of Stammbach. In addition to Brandenburg-Kulmbach, the monastery of Himmelkron and the noble families of Waldenfels, Wallenrode, Rabensteiner von Wirsberg and Reitzenstein had possessions there. In the 15th century the von Sparneck family owned Fleisnitz and in the 17th century the Baum von Baumsdorf family owned Stammbach. The village Goppelsdorf has been handed down as a deserted village. Metzlesdorf and Roth in the direction of Steinbach were deserted for a time. The margraves extended their influence over the free knighthood and also acquired the possessions of the Himmelkron monastery through its secularization. However, a margravial monastery office continued the separate administration of the territories. Stammbach possessed important magisterial rights of its own. Important industries were agriculture, mining, market trade, handicrafts and weaving. Stammbach was afflicted several times by the plague and other epidemics. The former office of the since 1792 Prussian principality Bayreuth lay from 1500 in the Franconian imperial circle. It fell with this in the peace of Tilsit 1807 to France and came 1810 to the kingdom Bavaria. Two major fires in 1800 and 1822 caused great damage. The hand weaving industry provided cheap and qualified labour for the textile industry which flourished during the industrialisation period. In the 19th century, many people emigrated to America to escape economic hardship.

Incorporations

Stammbach belonged to the former district of Münchberg. In 1938, the municipality of Fleisnitz was incorporated. In the course of the territorial reform in Bavaria, Förstenreuth and part of the municipality of Straas were added on 1 July 1972.[4] At the same time the administrative district Münchberg was dissolved, the municipality came to the administrative district Hof. Gundlitz was incorporated on 1 January 1978.[5]

Population development

Over the period from 1988 to 2018, the population decreased by 387 or 14.2% from 2725 to 2338.

  • 1961: 3523 inhabitants
  • 1970: 3352 inhabitants
  • 1987: 2755 inhabitants
  • 1991: 2781 inhabitants
  • 1995: 2714 inhabitants
  • 2000: 2662 inhabitants
  • 2005: 2599 inhabitants
  • 2010: 2400 inhabitants
  • 2015: 2368 inhabitants

Religion

The village includes the Lutheran Marienkirche and the cemetery church as well as the Catholic church on Weickenreuther Weg. There is a Catholic chapel in the Gundlitz district. In the Mühlstraße there was a Methodist church until 2011, the building is now used as a residential building. The first Buddhist forest monastery in Germany, the Muttodaya forest monastery, was founded in the Herrnschrot district in 2008.

Politics

Market Town Council Election 2020[6]
(in %)
%
40
30
20
10
0
36,33
29,62
20,11
13,94
CSU
WGSL
SPD
ULS
Template:Election Chart/Maintenance/TITLE too long
current distribution of seats in the Stammbach market town council (15 March 2020)
Total 14 seats

  • CSU :5
  • WGSL: 4
  • SPD :3
  • ULS: 2

Market Town Council

The market town council has 14 members. Another member and chairman of the market town council is the mayor. In the municipal election of 15 March 2020, 1279 of the 1971 voting residents in Markt Stammbach exercised their right to vote, resulting in a voter turnout of 64.89%.[7]

Mayor

The first mayor has been Karl Philipp Ehrler (CSU) since May 1996. In the local election of 15 March 2020, he was re-elected with 78.36% of the vote.[8]

Coat of arms

Wappen Stammbach.svg
Blazon: “Split; in front quartered by silver and black; behind divided by silver and green by an oblique natural line, on it two green poplar-like deciduous trees, below a tapering flat-wavy silver left oblique bar.”[9]
Coat of arms justification: The Stammbach coat of arms has existed since the 16th century, attested by a seal from 1562. From 1819 to 1836, the Zollernvierung had the colors silver and blue. The elements of the seal originate from the coat of arms of the Margraves of Brandenburg-Bayreuth.

Places of interest

The Weißenstein is the 668 mabove sea level high local mountain of Stammbach. It consists mainly of eclogites. The Weissenstein tower and an inn are located on the summit. Listed buildings and small monuments are recorded in the list of monuments in Stammbach.

Economy and infrastructure

Youth meeting place in the town centre

Station

Catholic Church

Economy including agriculture and forestry

The municipal tax revenues in 1999 amounted to the equivalent of 1,051,000 euros, of which 55,000 euros (net) were trade tax revenues.

In 1998, according to official statistics, there were 428 employees subject to social insurance in the manufacturing industry and 37 in the trade and transport sector at the place of work. In other economic sectors, 98 persons were employed at the place of work subject to social security contributions. There were a total of 945 employees subject to social insurance at the place of residence. There were five companies in the manufacturing industry and six companies in the main construction industry. In addition, in 1999 there were 70 agricultural enterprises with an agriculturally used area of 1938 hectares, of which 1279 hectares were arable land.

Traffic

The Bamberg-Hof railway line crosses the municipal area in a north-south direction. The train station Stammbach is about 1.5 km away from the village center.

The district roads HO 20 and HO 21 run through Stammbach. The latter leads west to the A 9 (junction 36 Münchberg-Süd).

Education

The Protestant-Lutheran church congregation is the provider of a four-group daycare centre with 50 kindergarten places and, since 2012, 24 crèche places. As of 1 September 2016, a total of 71 children were being cared for.[10]

An open all-day school for primary school pupils also offers care during the holidays.[2]

Personalities

Sons and daughters of the community

  • Karl Schricker (1912-2006), painter, born in Förstenreuth
  • Dieter Döhla (* 1944), lawyer, mayor of the city of Hof (1988-2006)

Persons connected with Stammbach

  • Johann Ernst Teichmann (1694-1746), pastor in Stammbach, historian

Literature

  • Johann Kaspar Bundschuh: Stambach. In: Geographisches Statistisch-Topographisches Lexikon von Franken. Volume 5: S-U . Verlag der Stettinischen Buchhandlung, Ulm 1802, DNB 790364328, OCLC 833753112 , Sp. 406( digital copy).
  • Helmut Hennig: History of Stammbach – from the beginnings to the foundation of the Reich. Wunsiedel 1989
  • Pleikard Joseph Stumpf: Stambach. In: Bayern: ein geographisch-statistisch-historisches Handbuch des Königreiches; für das bayerische Volk. Second part. Munich 1853, p. 614 (digital copy).

Web links

Commons: Stammbach– Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Wikivoyage: Stammbach– travel guide

Individual references

  1. Spreadsheet “Data 2”, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population figures of municipalities, counties and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population figures based on Census 2011) (help on this).
  2. a b Hofer Land: The family land at stadtlandhof.de, retrieved on 19 July 2020
  3. Community of Stammbach in the place database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, retrieved on 24 March 2021.
  4. Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbuch der bayerischen Ämter, Gemeinden und Gerichte 1799-1980. C. H. Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7, p. 526.
  5. Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historisches Gemeindeverzeichnis für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Name, boundary and key number changes in municipalities, districts and administrative districts from 27.5.1970 to 31.12.1982. W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart/Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1, p. 687
  6. Result local election 2020.OK.VOTE, 15 March 2020, retrieved 19 May 2020.
  7. Result local election 2020.OK.VOTE, 15 March 2020, retrieved 19 May 2020.
  8. Result local election 2020.OK.VOTE, 15 March 2020, retrieved 19 May 2020.
  9. Entry on the coat of arms of Stammbachin the database of the House of Bavarian History
  10. http://www.stammbach-evangelisch.de/