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Stadeck

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The Lords of St adeck(Stadecker), a ministerial family of the Styrian sovereigns, lived in the 13th and 14th centuries.

History

Ancestors

Wulfing/Wolfber, ancestor of the Stubenbergs, had come to the nascent Styria with the Margravial Traungauers and married here in second marriage the widow of Hartnid I of Ort, a highly free Aribonen scion, who brought part of the huge Aribonen heritage into her marriage. Their son was Gottschalk “Schirling”, who from 1166 called himself “von Neuberg/Neidberg” after his dominion; his son Rudolf founded the Stadeck line in 1192:

Rudolf I.

Rudolf I (1192-1230) was the first to name himself after his castle Stadekke (Stadeck, Stattegg) north of Graz. The fortress was subsequently the ancestral seat of the Stadeck family and also had to cover the crossing “over the liver” into the Semriach basin. In the 14th and 15th centuries the fortress was also called Entritz (Andritz). The fortress is described as deserted as early as 1404, and today only small traces remain. The valley opening to the south was allod of the Stadeck family (an inheritance from the Aribonen period around 1020) until beyond St. Veit and was called Amt Aigen. Apart from that Rudolf was a servant of the Styrian duke like his brother Erchenger of Landesere. Rudolf can be found as a witness in sovereign confirmations and donations to ecclesiastical monasteries.

Ludwig

Of Rudolf I’s four sons, Ludwig chose a clerical career and became Abbot of Rein in 1226. In 1244 he was commissioned by Pope Innocent IV, together with the abbots of Heiligenkreuz and Zwettl, to investigate the preconditions for the foundation of a Viennese bishopric, which Duke Frederick desired. Even after Ludwig’s death in 1246, the Stadeckers remained closely connected to this monastery: One finds the names of most of the Stadeckers in the Reiner Nekrolog.

Rudolf II “von Stadegge”, minnesinger

Representation of “von Stadegge” in the Codex Manesse

Rudolf II. († 1261) and his brother Leutold I. were joint witnesses in 1243 at a donation of some hectares under the castle Helfenstein (near Rein) by the Salzburg archbishop Eberhard von Regensberg to the monastery Rein. He is often mentioned together with the minnesinger and epic poet Herrand von Wildonie. In 1246 he stayed with Archbishop Eberhard, in 1249 with the Salzburg elect Philipp von Spanheim. In 1250 he is seen in Graz at the court of Count Meinhard of Gorizia, in December 1260 at the court of King Ottokar. Rudolf is mentioned for the last time in 1261 at a court held by Wok of Rosenberg in Marburg, where the Pfannbergs had to surrender Helfenstein possessions to Rein. The second witness was Ulrich of Liechtenstein, the first witness, however, was Rudolf, whose minnelieder have been handed down under the name of von Stadegge in the Paris song manuscript. It is reported of one Rudolf von Stadekke that he had the Eneit of Heinrich von Veldeke copied.

Leutold I

Leutold I. († 1292), who like Rudolf II was married to Anna from the house of Seifried of Mahrenberg, was already governor in the service of Ottokar of Bohemia before the Hungarian rule in Styria and was able to win the castle and dominion of Rohrau for his house through his second marriage around 1285 to Diemut, the heiress daughter of Dietrich III of Liechtenstein († 1278). Until 1261 Leutold is mostly found together with Rudolf, from 1269 with Hartnid. In 1269 the settlement between the hospital in Cerewald (Spital am Semmering) and Erchenger II and III of Landesere took place, at which Leutold and Hartnid were also present. Wulfing of Stubenberg and Gottschalk of Neitperg also sealed with the Stadeck brothers. The brothers had close relations with their ancestral house Stubenberg. Thus both are witnesses in 1288 at the sale of Kuenring’s castle Gutenberg and the bailiwick over Berchtesgaden and Seckau to the brothers Ulrich, Friedrich and Heinrich von Stubenberg.

Hartnid I.

The fourth son of Rudolf I, Hartnid I (Hertneit, Hertneid, † 1295?), was a co-conspirator of the Oath of Rein in 1276, presumably also in the sense of his brothers, because politically they all pulled together. At Christmas 1282 Leutold and Hartnid were at the Diet of Augsburg, where King Rudolf I enfeoffed his sons Albrecht and Rudolf with Austria and Styria. The Stadeckers did not take part in the Styrian nobility uprising in 1291/92; so Hartnid became governor of Styria in the service of Duke Albrecht I in 1292 – after replacing Abbot Heinrich of Admont, who was highly unpopular with the Styrian nobility. (until 1299?). It should be noted here that all Stadeckers were mostly loyal to the respective sovereign. Subsequently, in 1294, Hartnid had to restrain his Wildon namesake (Hartnid III), who had severely damaged the sovereign and Admont estates. The Stadecker also had a share in the punitive transfer of Hartnid of Wildonie from Wildon to Eibiswald. Hartnid I apparently died childless; his inheritance fell to the offspring of Leutold I.

Rudolf III, Hartnid II.

The sons of Leutold I, Rudolf III. (mentioned 1314-1338) and Hartnid II. (erw. 1314-1336) usually appear together. In 1314 Duke Frederick the Fair pledged the tithes of Mürzzuschlag, Weißeneck, Rosseck, Anschau, Gessen, Emerswert and Muents to Rudolf for 323 pounds and to Albert von Pottendorf for 420 pounds pfennigs. The Stadeckers also held Salzburg fiefs in Styria; as a reward for their loyalty to their fief lord, Archbishop Friedrich III, together with the Losensteiners Hartnid, Rudolf, Dietrich and Ludwig, gave the brothers the fortress of Freundsberg (Frondsberg, in Koglhof; no date). In 1331 both brothers, with the will of their wives Ofmei and Guete, pledged the manor of Hedweigsdorf (Hartberg area?) to the Hartberg judge Dietrich, after the latter’s redemption in 1334 it was given to the Rein monastery.

Leutold II.

The son of Hartnid II Leutold II. († 1367) continued the lineage. We know important things about him from the obituary of Peter Suchenwirt, a poet of heraldry and coats of arms. According to this, Leutold was in the military service of Duke Otto and King Louis of Hungary. It was about the fights after 1335 for the Carinthian succession between Habsburg and King John of Bohemia. Also in 1351 Leutold fought as an ally of the Lords of Walsee and of Puchheim against the Bohemian Rosenbergs of Neuhaus. He then rushed to the aid of Duke Albrecht II, who had been besieging Zurich since the summer of 1351. Under Rudolf IV he became governor of Carniola in 1360, replacing Konrad von Auffenstein. In 1361 he was already Landmarschall of Austria (document in which the Schaunbergs acknowledge the sovereignty of the Habsburgs(?)). From 1362 to 1363/64 he was governor of Styria. Suchenwirt praised him not only for his chivalrous bravery and his dignified service to women, but also for his prudence in giving advice, which he willingly granted to all, his loyalty to his sovereignty without any false sense of courtliness, and his generosity.

Johann

Leutold’s II son Johann (Hans) († 1399) should be the last male Stadecker. His mother is presumed to be one of Walsee; this would explain the name as well as the favorable relationship to the Cillians. Johann appears in documents from 1367. In 1370 and 1380 we find him as a creditor of the Austrian-Styrian dukes Albrecht III and Leopold III. In 1385 Hans donated a tithe for the parish church St. Veit am Aigen “gelegen ob Grecz auf der gegent an der Endricz” in exchange for an annual feast on the next Monday after All Saints’ Day and for praying every Sunday “vmb mich vnd vmb all mein vadern mit namen”. According to Weinhold, this all-Sunday intercessory prayer was still common in his time (1860). In 1389 Johann received fiefs of Gotesprunn/Göttlesbrunn and Arbaistal/Arbesthal from Duke Albrecht III; from 1396 until his death in 1399 he was governor of Styria.

Aftermath

In 1400, Duke Wilhelm von Habsburg enfeoffed his brother Ernst with the fallen Stadeck fiefs, but only on paper; for Johann’s only daughter Gueta/Guta was fortunate to have Count Hermann II of Cilli as a strong and shrewd guardian: He succeeded in declaring Rohrau an imperial fief and thus preserved it for his ward, whom he married in 1402 to Ulrich, son of Count Hugo of Montfort. He was also able to secure the lordship of Stadeck (the castle was already deserted at that time), Teufenbach, Strallegg and Langenwang for Guta and her husband through his diplomatic skills.

The mortal remains of the Stadeckers rest in the basement of the church at St. Veit in Graz.

Master lists

Stubenberg apron

after F. Posch et al:

Wulfing/Wolfber († c. 1160), 1130 Pöllau (?), Passail (?),
oo I. NNw, daughter of Adalbero von Feistritz

A: Otto, 1160 of Stubenberg (Stubenberg Castle)

B: Wulfing of Stubenberg, 1268 prisoner of King Ottokar II.
A: Wulfing, 1173 Kapfenberg Castle (?)

oo II. NNw, widow of Hartnid I. of Ort († ca. 1147)

A: Gottschalk Schirling († ca. 1192), 1166 of Neuberg/Neitperg

B: Gottschalk the Younger of Neidberg (?)
B: Leutold von Neidberg (?)
B: Adelbert von Neidberg (?)
B: Rudolf I of Stadekke (1192-1230)
B: Erchenger I. von Landesere (Erkenger von Landsee) († 1211)

Stadecker

after K. Weinhold, J. Bergmann et al:

A: Rudolf I of Stadekke (1192-1230)

B: Ludwig, Abbot of Rein (1226-1246)
B: Rudolf II. (1243-1261), minstrel, oo Anna von Mahrenberg

C: ?Frederick (1263-1303)

D: ?Gerhoch, 1325 pastor of Marburg
B: Hertneit/Hartnid I. (1269-1295?), governor of Styria (1292-1299), oo Diemut von Veldesberg/Feldsberg, daughter of Alber von Velzperch

C: Alhaid (Adelheid)
C: Agnes
C: Preide (Brigida)
B: Leutolt I. (1243-1292), LH Stmk. before 1255, oo I. Anna von Mahrenberg(?), oo II. Diemut von Rohrau (a. d. H. Liechtenstein)

C: Dietrich
C: Rudolf III. (1314, † before 1338), oo Ofmei/Euphemia von Pottendorf († after 1350), daughter of Konrad von Pottendorf

D: Rudolf IV. (1350-1370), oo Agnes of Puchheim, daughter of Heinrich of Puchheim and Elsbeth of Rauhenstein
C: Hertneit II. (1314-1336), oo Gueta/Guta von Walsee-Drosendorf, daughter of Heinrich von Walsee

D: Henry (1334)
D: Leutolt II. (1334, † 20 Mar 1367), LH Carniola (1360), Landmarschall of Austria (1361), LH Stmk. (1362-1363/64), oo NNw of Walsee (?)

E: Johann/Hanns (1367, † 6 September 1399), LH Stmk. (1396-98), oo Anna von Neuhaus († after 1426)

F: Gueta/Guta († 13 September after 1412), oo 1402 Count Ulrich of Montfort-Bregenz-Pfannberg († 1419)

G: Hermann I of Montfort-Pfannberg
G: Stephan
D: Dietrich (1334)
D: Elisabeth, oo Wolfgang von Winden

E: Burkart von Winden, oo Anna von Losenstein
A: Ulrich von Stadeck; called “false brother of Rudolf” by Weinhold and eliminated from the genealogy; held by other authors to be identical with Salzburg Archbishop Ulrich von Seckau († 1268).

Coat of arms

The Stadecker (and the Landesere) led a lion sent to the robbery, the Peter Suchenwirt white in red tinged. On the helmet lay as cimier an eagle flight.

Stadeck dominion

The area of Stadeck’s dominion called Aigen (Eigengut, later “Amt Aigen”) is located on the northern outskirts of Graz, included Andritz, Stattegg and Weinitzen and reached

from the “Schöcklschneid” (i.e. the saddle west of the Schöckl peak) in the north
to the Austein (today Kalvarienberg) on the Mur in the south and
from the mouth of the Dultbach into the Mur southeast of Gratkorn in the west
to Wenisbuch (at that time “Wernhartspuch”) in the east.

Ownership history according to F. Posch (see Aribo II.#Marriages and descendants):

Royal donation of large parts of eastern Styria to Count Palatine Hartwig II around 1020, which were fragmented in the course of inheritance divisions
Count Palatine Aribo II. (deposed 1055, † 1102)
Hartnid of the Traisen, around 1080
Ernst von der Traisen, until 1136
Hartnid I. of Ort († before 1147), oo NNw
Widow of Hartnid of Ort, oo Wulfing (of Stubenberg)
Gottschalk Schirling (from 1166 from Neuberg/Neitperg near Hartberg)
Rudolf of Stadeck 1192

Other possessions

  • Langenwang/Hohenwang (from the Landesere, after 1285)
  • Rohrau (from Liechtenstein)
  • Hartenstein (?, 1270-1300)
  • Teufenbach (from 1338)
  • Liechtenstein Castle (after 1367, pledged to Hermann and Wilhelm of Cilli in 1384)
  • Kranichberg (near Gloggnitz, from 1363)
  • Kranichfeld/Rače near Schleinitz/Slivnica (south of Maribor; probably heir of Mahrenberg)
  • Krems (near Voitsberg) (from Walseern)
  • the Festenburg (from 1366)
  • Tenth at Gainfarn (1367)
  • Share in the Salzburg fief Freundsberg/Frondsberg
  • Salzburg fief Waxenegg (?)[1]
  • Bruck an der Leitha, Fürstenfeld, Vellenbach/Feldbach (sovereign pledge fiefdom, 1370)
  • Brunn (near Wiener Neustadt), Vischa/Fischau, Piesting, Weikersdorf, Wöllersdorf, Stallhofen/Stollhof, Leiding, Zweiersdorf (mentioned in 1422 as former Stadeckian fief)
  • Smoke Warth
  • Straleneck near Pölau (Strallegg)
  • Hofkirchen near Hartberg
  • Kaindorf (near Hartberg)
  • Reinberg (near Vorau, from 1366)
  • Wine-growing area in Purbach (on Lake Neusiedl, 1318)
  • Göttlesbrunn-Arbesthal (from 1389)

Literature

  • Karl Weinhold: Der Minnesinger von Stadeck und sein Geschlecht in Sitzungsberichte der philosophisch-historischen Classe der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften 35. volume, Vienna 1860
  • Joseph Bergmann: The Last Lords of Stadeck and their Heirs,... in Sitzungsberichte… 9th volume, Vienna 1853
  • Robert Baravalle: Styrian castles and palaces, I. volume 1936
  • Fritz Posch: The settlement of Graz and the foundation and earliest development of Graz in 850 Years of Graz, ed. Wilhelm Steinböck, Styria 1978
  • Konrad Burdach:Stadegge, v. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Vol. 35, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1893, pp. 356-358.
  • Norbert H. Ott:The von Stadegge. In: New German Biography (NDB). Vol. 24, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-428-11205-0, p. 781 f. (Digitalisat).

Web links

Individual references

  1. Wachsenegg/Waxenegg(Memento of the Originals of 9 May 2008 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/www.vs-miesenbach.com