St. Peter and Paul (Oberneuhausen)
The Roman Catholic daughter church of St. Peter and Paul in Oberneuhausen, a district of the municipality of Weihmichl in the Lower Bavarian district of Landshut, was originally a Romanesque church that underwent extensive structural changes in the late Gothic, Baroque and neo-Gothic eras. Nevertheless, it is registered as an architectural monument with the number D-2-74-187-9 at the Bavarian State Office for the Preservation of Historical Monuments.
Situated on a slight hill at the headwaters of the Pfettrach, the oldest parts of the building structure derive from a fortified church from the Romanesque period, as can be seen from the masonry of the nave, which is up to 1.45 metres thick. The late Gothic choir was probably built in the second half of the 15th century and – like many churches in the region – probably goes back to the Landshut building lodge. In the Baroque period, a flat barrel vault was added to the nave; the window openings were also enlarged. In the 19th century the nave was extended to the west, followed by the regotisation of the building. In 1867, two altars from the Obersüßbach parish church were brought to Oberneuhausen; however, they were replaced by neo-Gothic altars from the Riesenhuber art gallery in Munich around 1890.
The east-facing hall church comprises a three-bay nave and an indented, two-bay chancel with a three-sided end, reminiscent of the likewise late Gothic Frauenkirche in Altdorf. The nave and choir are united under a common gable roof. The outer walls are structured by mighty buttresses and pointed-arched window openings. On the west side of the nave, a stately porch is attached on a rectangular ground plan. The tower and sacristy nestle on the south side of the choir. The distinctive, altogether five-storey tower consists of a three-storey, almost square substructure with pointed blind arches and a two-storey octagonal tower, which contains the belfry. The upper end is formed by a neo-Gothic pointed helmet, which rises from eight small triangular gables.
While the interior of the nave is spanned by a Baroque flat barrel, the Gothic star-ribbed vaulting has been retained in the choir. The distinctive, asymmetrical choir arch tapers to a point at the top and is surrounded by stencil paintings, which were copied from exposed wall paintings of earlier eras. The three altars of the church are neo-Gothic. The high altar, crowned by three pinnacles, shows figures of the apostles Peter (left) and Paul (right), above which is a figure of the Sacred Heart. The side altars are decorated with figures of the Virgin Mary (left) and St. Joseph (right), both in the Nazarene style. The image of Peter in the rock is also executed in this style. Also worth mentioning is a quality carved sacristy cabinet in rococo style.
The organ, with seven stops on a manual and pedal, was built by Willibald Siemann in 1901. It has pneumatic cone chests. The stoplist is as follows:
- Coupling: I/P, Super I/P
- Game aid: Tutti
It replaced an instrument built in 1846 by the organ builder Josef Mühlbauer junior from Train, which had six stops on one manual and a permanently coupled pedal. It had mechanical slider chests. The disposition was as follows:
– Collection of images, videos and audio files
- Churches. Online at www.weihmichl.de; accessed 17 June 2017.
- Anton Eckardt (ed.): Kunstdenkmäler des Königreichs Bayern – Bezirksamt Landshut. Oldenbourg, Munich 1914, pp. 180f.(digital copy).
- Oberneuhausen – St. Peter and Paul. Online at kirchturm.net; retrieved 17 June 2017.
- Christian Vorbeck: The organ builders Martin Binder and Willibald Siemann. Siebenquart Verlag Dr. Roland Eberlein, Cologne 2013, ISBN 978-3-941224-02-5.
- Organ database Bavaria online