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St. Laurentius (Mintard)

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St. Laurentius (west side)

Information board at the church

Small chapel on the church grounds

The St. Laurentius Church is a Roman Catholic sacred building in Mintard, a district of the city of Mülheim an der Ruhr.

St. Laurentius Mintard interior view

History

The parish church of St. Lawrence was built in the 2nd half of the 12th century in connection with the foundation of the parish. The oldest parts of the furnishings date from the end of the century: the Theophilus bell[1] and the baptismal font made of Namur blue asalt.[2] The church tower is also no older. The view that there was already a parish church in Mintard in the 9th century is based on the so-called Regenbirgische document, which was dated 873. Since 1909, this document has been proven to be a forgery from the time around 1200.[3] The Laurentius patrocinium is only documented in the 16th century.[4] What the church looked like before the reconstruction in 1660/61 could only be explored by excavation. There is no evidence for changes in the 14th century claimed in the literature[5] in 1302/1303 the parish church was incorporated into the monastery of Gerresheim – the abbess had already had the patronage before – which resulted, among other things, in the loss of part of the income of the parish. Loss of part of the income of the parish.

In 1660/61 the church was rebuilt after the destruction of the Thirty Years’ War. During the Second World War it was so destroyed by an aerial mine on 22 July 1942 that it had to be closed by the authorities. After provisional repairs it could be consecrated again on Epiphany 1946 and thus be used for church services. In 1961 the 300th anniversary of the present church was celebrated.

The incorporation of Mintard into the city of Mülheim an der Ruhr in 1975 did not change the parish’s affiliation with the pastoral area of Kettwig/Mintard, the deanery of Ratingen and the archdiocese of Cologne, since the parish boundaries were established when the diocese of Essen was established in 1956 and were not changed during the incorporation; they continue to be based on the political administrative boundaries valid at the time of establishment. Thus the parish of (Essen-)Kettwig/(Mülheim-)Mintard belongs to the Archdiocese of Cologne, while the other districts of Essen and Mülheim belong to the Diocese of Essen.

On 1 January 2011, the parish “St. Peter and Laurentius, Essen-Kettwig” came into being.[6] It is the merger (Fusion) of several parishes with the churches St. Peter, St. Laurentius, St. Joseph, St. Matthias and the chapel Maria im Maien. The previously existing parishes were dissolved.

Architecture

In 1890 the church was modified by the architect Fischer from Wuppertal-Elberfeld. Two extensions were added to the tower sides and the main portal was renewed. Since then, the nave of the church has a barrel vault, the side aisles have flat plaster ceilings.

Finally, in 1972, the entire nave, altars and altarpieces were restored. Today the church is again well designed and very well maintained, which is why it is often chosen as a wedding church.

Bells

The three historic bells were completely restored (welded) in 1999. The large Romanesque bell in heavy rib (weight 900 kg, Ø 1074 mm, strike g1It is one of the oldest and largest Romanesque bells in the Rhineland and is used today exclusively as a festive bell. The timbre of the bell “is austere, almost demonic with a clearly singing undertone and a richly occupied mixture area”[7]. The two smaller bells (weights 450 and 280 kg, striking notes a1 and c2) were cast in 1546 and 1437.

Literature

  • Johannes Paul Arand: St. Laurentius, Mülheim-Mintard. In: Geschichtsverein Mülheim an der Ruhr (ed.): Zeugen der Stadtgeschichte. Monuments and historical places in Mülheim an der Ruhr. Klartext, Essen 2008, ISBN 978-3-89861-784-0, pp. 30-37.
  • Paul Clemen (ed.): Die Kunstdenkmäler der Stadt und Kreises Düsseldorf. Düsseldorf 1894 (repr. Warburg 1995), Digital.: https://archive.org/details/DieKunstdenkmaelerDerRheinprovinz.Band3StadtDuesseldorf, p. 152 f.
  • Ernst Haiger: Konfession und Begräbnisort: Adelige Grablegen in der St.-Laurentius-Kirche in Mintard im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert. In: Zeitschrift des Geschichtsvereins Mülheim a. d. Ruhr. 92, Die Pfarrkirche in Mintard, 2017, ISSN 0343-9453, pp. 69-111.
  • Brigide Schwarz: Die Pfarrkirche von Mintard im Mittelalter: Kirche – Pfarrsprengel – Geistliche. Ibid. S. 11–68.

Web links

Commons: St. Laurentius (Mintard)– Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual references

  1. Jörg Poettgen: On the inscription and age of the Romanesque bell in Mintard. In: Jahrbuch für Glockenkunde. Volume 7/8 1995/1996, pp. 179-184.
  2. Walther Zimmermann: Romanesque baptismal fonts in the Lower Rhine. In: Annalen des Historischen Vereins für den Niederrhein. Vol. 155/156 1954, pp. 472-500, especially 483.
  3. Scholarly edition with presentation of the forgery evidence in: Rheinisches Urkundenbuch. Ältere Urkunden bis 1100, edited by Erich Wisplinghoff: Düsseldorf 1972 (Publikationen der Gesellschaft für Rheinische Geschichtskunde 57), vol. 2, pp. 69-71 no. 178; on the dating of the forgery: Hugo Weidenhaupt: Das Kanonissenstift Gerresheim 870-1400, in: Düsseldorfer Jahrbuch 46, 1954, pp. 1-120, here: S. 30f.
  4. Friedrich Wilhelm Oediger: Die Erzdiözese Köln um 1300. Heft 2: Die Kirchen des Archidiakonats Xanten (Erläuterungen zum Geschichtlichen Atlas der Rheinprovinz, vol. 9, Heft 2), Bonn 1969, pp. 227f. Note 1.
  5. First published by Paul Clemen (ed.): Die Kunstdenkmäler der Stadt und des Kreises Düsseldorf (Die Kunstdenkmäler der Rheinprovinz 3,1), Düsseldorf 1894, reprint Warburg 1995, p. 152f.
  6. Church of St.Laurentius on the pages of the parish of St. Peter and Laurentius
  7. Kurt Kramer: The Bell and its Ringing. Deutscher Kunstverlag, 2nd edition, 1988.

Coordinates 51° 22′ N, 6° 54′ E