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Șicula

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Șicula
Sikula
Șicula führt kein Wappen
Șicula (Rumänien)
(46° 26′ 7″ N, 21° 45′ 32″O)
Basic data
State: RomaniaRumänien Romania
Historic Region: Screech area
Circle: Arad
Coordinates: 46° 26′ N, 21° 46′ ECoordinates 46° 26′ 7″ N, 21° 45′ 32″O
Time Zone: OEZ (UTC+2)
Area: 131,18 km²
Residents: 4.301 (2011[1])
Population Density: 33 Inhabitants per km²
Zip code: 317325
Telephone area code: (+40) 02 57
License plate: AR
Structure and management (as of 2020[2])
Community type: Community
Outline: Șicula, Chereluș, Gurba
Mayor: Mircea Adrian Danciu (PSD)
Mailing address: Str. Principală No. 200
loc. Șicula, jud. Arad, RO-317325
Website:

Location of the municipality of Șicula in Arad County

Șicula on the Josephinian land survey

Șicula(Hungarian: Sikula) is a commune in Arad County, in the county region, in western Romania. The commune of Șicula also includes the villages of Chereluș and Gurba.

Geographical location

Șicula is located in the Kreisch area, on the DN79A national road, six kilometres from Ineu, 12 kilometres from Pâncota and 22 kilometres from Chișineu-Criș, at the foot of the Zărand Mountains.

Neighbouring places

Țipar Șepreuș Gurba
Cintei Nachbargemeinden Ineu
Zǎrand Iermata Mocrea

History

The first documentary mention of Sycula dates back to 1334.

Various spellings of the place name appeared over the centuries: 1334 Sicula, Sycula, 1335 Sicula, 1459 Sicula, 1715 Sikula, 1808 Sikula, 1839, 1851 Sikula, 1858, 1863 Sikula, 1877 Sikula, 1882 Sikula, 1893 Sikula, 1909 Şicula, Sikula, 1913 Sikula, 1921 Şicula, Sikula,1932, 1956 Şicula.[3]

After the Peace of Karlowitz (1699), Arad and the Maros land came under Austrian rule, while the Banat south of the Maros remained under Turkish rule until the Peace of Passarowitz (1718). Sikula is registered on the Josephinian land survey.
As a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise (1867), the Arader Land, like the entire Banat and Transylvania, was annexed to the Kingdom of Hungary within the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary. The official place name was Sikula.
The Treaty of Trianon on 4 June 1920 resulted in the border settlement, whereby Șicula fell to the Kingdom of Romania.

Population development

Census[4] Ethnicity
Year Inhabitants Romanians Hungary German Other
1880 6247 5808 383 29 27
1910 8163 7477 587 83 16
1930 8457 7697 281 201 278
1977 6024 5923 43 21 37
1992 4974 4910 32 2 30
2002 4591 4523 18 3 47

Web links

Individual references

  1. citypopulation.de, Census 20 October 2011.
  2. Data at prezenta.roaep.ro, retrieved 16 February 2021 (Romanian).
  3. arcanum.hu, Szabó M. Attila: Historic-administrative place name book of Transylvania, Banat and Partium.
  4. kia.hu, E. Varga: Statistics of the number of inhabitants by ethnicity in Arad County according to censuses from 1880-2002