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12. September

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

September 12 is the 255th day of the Gregorian calendar (the 256th in leap years), leaving 110 days until the end of the year.

If the following year is a leap year, in the Coptic and Ethiopian calendars the year begins on September 12. In all other years the year begins on September 11.

Historical anniversaries
August – September – October
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30

Events

Politics and world affairs

  • 490 BC: Athens and the allied Greek cities decisively defeat the Persians under Darius I at the Battle of Marathon, ending the First Persian Campaign. However, the exact date of the battle is disputed.
  • 1213: In the Battle of Muret during the Albigensian Crusade, the armies of Count Raimund VI of Toulouse and his brother-in-law, King Peter II of Aragon, are defeated by the troops of Simon IV de Montfort, who is loyal to the Pope. The king is killed in battle.
  • 1297: The Portuguese King Dionysius and King Ferdinand IV of Castile conclude the Treaty of Alcañices, which establishes the border between these two countries. It still corresponds essentially to the border between Portugal and Spain.
  • 1319: At the Battle of Myton, a Scottish army defeats an English army raised to defend York.
  • 1348: Blanca Margarete of Valois is crowned Queen of Bohemia.

1556: Emperor Ferdinand I.

  • 1556: Charles V renounces the imperial dignity of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation in favour of his brother Ferdinand I.
  • 1683: In the Battle of Kahlenberg, a relief army under the Polish King John III Sobieski surprises the Ottomans under Kara Mustafa and defeats them decisively. This ends the Second Viennese Turkish Siege.
  • 1689: Tsar Peter I the Great assumes sole rule of Russia.
  • 1847: The Offenburg Assembly proclaims the demands of the people in Baden.
  • 1848: Switzerland is constituted as a federal state when the Tagsatzung (session of the Swiss parliament) adopts the Federal Constitution by a majority vote.

1861: General Lee’s Operation Plan at Cheat Mountain

  • 1861: In the War of Secession, Confederate forces ambush Union troops on the Turnpike on the west side of Cheat Mountain in western Virginia and briefly occupy the Turnpike. The Battle of Cheat Mountain lasts until September 15.
  • 1931: The Pfrimer putsch begins in Styria. Walter Pfrimer wants to bring a Heimwehr government to power in Austria. The march on Vienna is stopped the following day by the Austrian army.
  • 1932: Reich Chancellor Franz von Papen is overthrown by a motion of no confidence and the Reichstag is dissolved by Reich President Hindenburg.
  • 1942: The German submarine U 156 sinks the British troopship Laconia in the Atlantic with 1,800 Italian prisoners of war on board. The associated events give rise to the so-called Laconia Order by Admiral Karl Dönitz, which prohibits the rescue of shipwrecked persons for the future.

1943: Mussolini with German paratroopers

  • 1943: German paratroopers under General Kurt Student succeed in freeing the deposed Italian dictator Benito Mussolini from his imprisonment on the Gran Sasso in the Abruzzi in Operation Oak.
  • 1944: In the 1st Zonal Agreement (also known as the London Protocol), the European Consultative Commission defines the border between the Soviet occupation zone and the occupation zones of the Western powers and decides on a “special occupation system” for Berlin.
  • 1949: Theodor Heuss becomes the first Federal President of the Federal Republic of Germany.
  • 1953: Nikita Khrushchev is elected 1st Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU.
  • 1959: Theodor Heuss leaves the office of Federal President. His successor is Heinrich Lübke.
  • 1960: In the GDR, after Wilhelm Pieck’s death, the State Council of the GDR is created in place of the office of State President.
  • 1968: Prague Spring: Soviet troops withdraw from Prague, Bratislava and Brno.

1974: Haile Selassie

  • 1974: Haile Selassie, last emperor of Ethiopia, is overthrown in a military coup.
  • 1977: The South African civil rights activist Steve Biko dies after torture by the police one day after being admitted to the Pretoria prison hospital. His death becomes a symbol of the resistance movement against the apartheid regime and later triggers an arms embargo against the country by the World Security Council.
  • 1980: In Turkey, the military under Kenan Evren ousted the government of Süleyman Demirel and imposed martial law.
  • 1987: The Barschel affair begins. One day before the state elections in Schleswig-Holstein, Der Spiegel reports that Prime Minister Uwe Barschel had ordered SPD top candidate Björn Engholm to be spied on.
  • 1989: The citizens’ movement Demokratie Jetzt is founded in the GDR.
  • 1990: On the way to German reunification, the Two Plus Four Treaty is signed in Moscow.
  • 1998: PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan is arrested in Rome.

Economy

  • 1830: The American full-rigged ship Draper from Baltimore, under the command of Captain Hillert, is the first ship to enter the newly completed port of Bremerhaven, which was founded in 1827.
  • 1839: The first mass-produced photographic cameras are offered for sale in Paris for 400 francs by the Parisian camera manufacturer and owner of the world’s first photographic shop, Alphonse Giroux.
  • 1909: Chemist Fritz Hofmann, an employee of Farbenfabrik Bayer/Elberfeld a. d. Wupper, is granted the world’s first patent for a process to produce artificial rubber, which he calls Buna.
  • 1919: Gold traders meet for the first time at the London Bullion Market to formally fix the world market price for gold.
  • 1963: The Porsche 901 is presented at the International Motor Show in Frankfurt am Main as the successor to the Porsche 356. One year later, it has to be renamed Porsche 911 due to trademark rights held by Peugeot.
  • 1997: Air France takes over the French domestic airline Air Inter.

Science and technology

  • 1906: The Dane Jacob Christian Hansen Ellehammer succeeds in flying 42 metres with his flying machine Ellehammer No. 1.

1940: Cave painting in Lascaux

  • 1940: The cave of Lascaux with its cave paintings is discovered.
  • 1958: The US-American Jack Kilby presents the first integrated circuit, a flip-flop. It consists of two bipolar transistors mounted on a germanium substrate and connected by gold wires.
  • 1959: Lunik 2 is launched by the Soviet Union, the first lunar probe to hit the Earth’s satellite.
  • 1962: In Bali, the Udayana University is founded in the capital Denpasar.
  • 1966: Gemini 11 with Charles Conrad and Richard Gordon on board is launched into space from Cape Kennedy.
  • 1981: The Chaos Computer Club is founded in Berlin.
  • 1985: At Böblingen District Hospital, German surgeon Erich Mühe performs the world’s first laparoscopic cholecystectomy (gallbladder removal).
  • 2005: The space probe Hayabusa of the Japanese space agency JAXA, launched on 9 May 2003, reaches its target, the asteroid (25143) Itokawa, and takes soil samples from it.

Culture

  • 1572: The Spanish Riding School in Vienna is founded.

1878: Obelisk in London (erected in August)

  • 1878: An Egyptian obelisk is erected in London on the banks of the Thames, one of Cleopatra’s needles. Muhammad Ali Pasha had given the obelisk to Great Britain in 1819, but for decades no one wanted to pay the transport costs.
  • 1883: In Vienna the keystone for the new town hall on the Ring is laid.

1905: City Hall in Copenhagen

  • 1905: In Copenhagen, the new City Hall, designed on Italian models, is inaugurated, reportedly Denmark’s tallest tower.
  • 1910: Gustav Mahler conducts the acclaimed premiere of his 8th Symphony (Symphony of a Thousand).
  • 1920: The Heimkehle is opened as a show cave.
  • 1959: In the USA, NBC broadcasts the first episode of the television series Bonanza.

Society

  • 1840: The composer Robert Schumann marries Clara Wieck in Schönefeld near Leipzig with court approval, whose father forbade any contact between the two and refused to allow the marriage to take place.

1953: Jacqueline Kennedy during her wedding

  • 1953: John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Lee Bouvier marry in Newport, Rhode Island.

Religion

1833: The prayer room of the Rough House

  • 1833: The Rauhe Haus in Hamburg, a rescue home for neglected and orphaned children, is founded.
  • 1891: In the encyclical Pastoralis officii, Pope Leo XIII rejects dueling as not conforming to Christian precepts. He advocates that the legislator should make duels punishable.
  • 2006: In a speech at the University of Regensburg Pope Benedict XVI quotes the late medieval Byzantine Emperor Manuel II on the role of violence in Islam, which provokes partly severe criticism by representatives of Islam.

Disasters

  • 1857: A hurricane causes the sinking of the US passenger ship Central America on the voyage from Havana to New York. 149 people can be rescued by two ships, 429 people find their death. Over 13 tons of gold cargo from California go down with the cargo, which will lead to a salvage operation in 1987.
  • 1905: The Japanese battleship Mikasa sinks after an ammunition explosion. Of the 935-man crew, 256 men are killed and 343 men are injured.
  • 1918: Southwest of Land’s End, the British passenger ship Galway Castle is torpedoed by the German U-boat U 82. 143 of the 950 passengers and crew members die.
  • 1928: The Okeechobee hurricane claims around 1200 lives in Guadeloupe.

Minor disasters are listed in the sub-articles of Disaster.

Nature and environment

1964: Canyonlands National Park

  • 1964: In Utah, Canyonlands National Park is placed under the legal protection of a national park.

Sports

1920: Poster of the games in Antwerp

  • 1920: The Olympische Flagge mit den fünf Ringen; erstmals verwendet bei den Olympischen Spielen 1920 in Antwerpen VII Summer Olympic Games come to an end in Antwerp.
  • 1945: The football club VfL Wolfsburg is founded.
  • 1990: In Brussels, the GDR national football team wins its 293rd and last international match with 2:0 against Belgium.
  • 1990: The Faroese national football team defeats Austria in an international football match. The 1:0 in Landskrona in the qualifying international match for the 1992 European Football Championship goes down in the island’s sporting history as a football fairytale.
  • 2010: In the final of the 2010 World Basketball Championship in Turkey, the United States National Basketball Team defeats the Turkish National Basketball Team 81-64 to become the World Basketball Champion for the fourth time.
  • 2016: Angelique Kerber becomes the second German tennis player after Steffi Graf to take the top spot in the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) world rankings.[1]

Entries of track and field world records can be found under the respective discipline under track and field.

Born

Before the 18th century

  • 1310: Niccolò Acciaiuoli, Italian statesman, Count of Melfi, Grand Marshal of Naples and banker in Florence
  • 1415: John Mowbray, English nobleman, 3rd Duke of Norfolk
  • 1454: Johann Wassenberch, German Catholic clergyman and chronicler
  • 1492: Lorenzo di Piero de’ Medici, Duke of Urbino and Ruler of Florence
  • 1494: Francis I, King of France
  • 1514: Philip, Duke of Mecklenburg
  • 1615: Sophie of Hesse-Kassel, Princess of Hesse-Kassel, by marriage Countess of Schaumburg-Lippe
  • 1649: Giuseppe Maria Tomasi, Italian cardinal
  • 1652: Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg
  • 1659: Ferdinand Wilhelm, Duke of Württemberg, German army commander and Field Marshal General
  • 1688: Ferdinand Maximilian Brokoff, German sculptor of the Baroque period
  • 1695: Joachim Oporin, German Protestant theologian
  • 1697: Hieronymus Annoni, Swiss Reformed theologian and hymn writer
  • 1699: Franz Xaver Kleinhans, Austrian architect, court and abbey architect of the Rococo period

18. Century

  • 1707: Friedrich Esaias Pufendorf, German jurist
  • 1725: Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer
  • 1727: Johan Gerhards von Angelbek, German lawyer and colonial official
  • 1735: Anton Oehmbs, German Catholic theologian and university lecturer
  • 1736: Hsinbyushin, ruler of the kingdom of Ava in present-day Myanmar from the Konbaung dynasty
  • 1736: Georg Theodor Strobel, German Lutheran theologian and church historian
  • 1737: Richard Bache, US-American politician
  • 1738: Jonathan Hunt, US pioneer, landowner and politician from Massachusetts, lieutenant governor of Vermont
  • 1740: Johann Heinrich Jung, German ophthalmologist, economist and writer
  • 1745: Jean-François Lefèbvre, chevalier de la Barre, French victim of a religiously motivated judicial murder
  • 1746: Michele Arditi, Italian lawyer and classical archaeologist
  • 1752: Edward Smith Stanley, 12th Earl of Derby, British politician and equestrian enthusiast
  • 1753: Bernhard Vinzenz Adler, Bohemian physician
  • 1756: Jonathan Mason, US-American politician
  • 1757: John Brown, US-American politician
  • 1759: Maximilian Josef Montgelas, Bavarian politician and state reformer, minister
  • 1763: Phaungkaza Maung Maung, King of the Burmese Kingdom of Ava
  • 1763: Johann Hermann Stindt, German millwright and paper mould manufacturer
  • 1765: Johannes Ernst, Swiss Protestant clergyman
  • 1768: Benjamin Carr, English-American composer, organist, singer and music publisher
  • 1773: Gustav Maximilian of Croÿ, Cardinal and Archbishop of Rouen
  • 1775: Karl August Tittmann, German lawyer and Saxon civil servant
  • 1777: Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville, French zoologist and anatomist
  • 1780: Johann Carl Ludwig Schmid, German architect
  • 1786: August Heinrich Gustav von Bongard, German botanist
  • 1800: Pierre Charles Fournier Saint Amant, French chess master
  • 1800: Joseph Augenstein, German politician
  • 1800: Friedrich von Uechtritz, German poet, historian and genealogist

19. Century

1801–1850

  • 1801: Giuseppe Concone, Italian singing master
  • 1803: Auguste Brizeux, French writer
  • 1804: Karl zu Leiningen, 3rd Prince zu Leiningen, first Prime Minister of the Frankfurt National Assembly
  • 1806: Andrew Hull Foote, US-American admiral of the Union in the American War of Secession
  • 1808: August von Werder, Prussian general
  • 1809: Julius von Bose, Prussian General of the Infantry
  • 1811: Max Haushofer, German landscape painter
  • 1812: Richard March Hoe, US inventor of the rotary printing press
  • 1813: Johann Heinrich Fierz, Swiss entrepreneur and National Councillor
  • 1815: Edmond Tulasne, French botanist and mycologist
  • 1817: Constantin Frantz, German historian and publicist
  • 1818: Richard Gatling, US-American inventor in mechanical engineering and weapons technology
  • 1818: Theodor Kullak, German pianist and composer
  • 1821: Johann Traugott Mutschink, Sorbian folk writer and local historian
  • 1822: Josef Franz von Weckert, 76th Bishop of Passau
  • 1823: Kornel Ujejski, Polish poet
  • 1824: Hugo Ernst Heinrich Rühle, German physician
  • 1825: Karl Doppler, German-Hungarian composer
  • 1825: Ainsworth Rand Spofford, US-American director of the Library of Congress
  • 1826: Otto Michaelis, German economic liberal, journalist and politician
  • 1826: Richard Pohl, German composer and music writer
  • 1827: Albert Erdmann Karl Gerhard von Levetzow, German politician, President of the Reichstag
  • 1829: Anselm Feuerbach, German painter
  • 1831: Álvares de Azevedo, Brazilian writer
  • 1832: C. W. Damodaram Pillai, Tamil philologist
  • 1833: Peter Paul Faust, German author, publisher and dialect poet
  • 1837: Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt
  • 1838: Arthur Auwers, German astronomer
  • 1839: Hagbard Berner, Norwegian publicist and politician
  • 1841: Anton Menger, Austrian jurist and social theorist
  • 1842: Friedrich von Oer, Chief Chamberlain of Prince Ysenburg
  • 1849: Alexander von Krobatin, k.u.k. Field Armourer and Minister of War

1851–1900

  • 1851: Carl Johann Theodor Abs, German wrestler
  • 1852: Herbert Henry Asquith, British politician, Prime Minister
  • 1855: William Sharp, British writer from Scotland
  • 1856: Eugen Scheuermann, German-Baltic pastor and Protestant martyr
  • 1857: George Hendrik Breitner, Dutch painter and photographer, representative of the Amsterdam Impressionism
  • 1858: Fernand Khnopff, Belgian painter, graphic artist, sculptor and art writer
  • 1859: Curt von Hagen, German colonial official
  • 1863: Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian
  • 1863: Theodor Seitz, German colonial politician
  • 1865: Sophus Claussen, Danish writer
  • 1867: Herbert L. Clarke, US American cornetist and composer
  • 1869: Adolf Ott, German priest and officiant
  • 1870: Carl Arend, German architect
  • 1872: Heinrich Schulz, German reform pedagogue and politician, MdR, pioneer of stenography
  • 1873: Gertrud Bäumer, German reform pedagogue, women’s rights activist, politician and MdR
  • 1874: Frans Drion, Dutch teacher, politician and anarchist
  • 1876: Frieda Gallati, Swiss historian
  • 1877: Alexander Jerminingeldowitsch Arbusow, Russian chemist
  • 1877: Georg Hamel, German mathematician
  • 1878: James Ashcroft, English football goalkeeper
  • 1880: Henry Louis Mencken, US-American publicist and writer
  • 1881: Hendrik Enno Boeke, Dutch mineralogist
  • 1881: Adolf Hühnlein, German general, leader of the National Socialist Motorist Corps
  • 1881: Daniel Jones, British anglicist and phonetician
  • 1882: Georg Gelbke, German painter and graphic artist from Saxony
  • 1883: Gus Cannon, US-American blues musician
  • 1885: Heinrich Hoffmann, German photographer, Adolf Hitler’s personal photographer
  • 1885: William Slavens McNutt, US-American screenwriter and author
  • 1887: Friedrich Wilhelm Hermann Aevermann, German educator and politician
  • 1887: Yusif Vəzir Çəmənzəminli, Azerbaijani writer and statesman
  • 1887: Auguste Lazar, Austrian writer
  • 1888: Maurice Chevalier, French chansonnier and actor
  • 1889: Heinrich Lersch, German working-class poet
  • 1889: Joe Gould, US-American writer
  • 1890: Erich Lehmann, German track and field athlete
  • 1890: Karl Peter Röhl, German painter, graphic artist and designer
  • 1891: Fred Kelly, US hurdler and Olympic champion
  • 1892: Wilhelm Tophinke, German sculptor
  • 1893: Wolfgang Zeller, German composer of film music and other works
  • 1894: Alfred Hartmann, German manager and politician
  • 1894: Friedrich Ebert junior, German politician, MdR, SED functionary of the GDR and Lord Mayor of East Berlin
  • 1894: Jimmy Murphy, US-American automobile racing driver
  • 1895: Axel von Harnack, German librarian, historian and philologist
  • 1896: Ernst von Dombrowski, Austrian author, xylographer and illustrator
  • 1897: Irène Joliot-Curie, French chemist and Nobel Prize winner
  • 1898: August Arnold, German film director, film producer and film technology developer
  • 1898: Alma Moodie, Australian violinist
  • 1898: Ben Shahn, US-American painter and graphic artist
  • 1899: Fritz Löffler, German art historian, literary scholar
  • 1900: Haskell Brooks Curry, US-American logician
  • 1900: Texas Alexander, US-American blues singer

20. Century

1901–1925

  • 1901: Ernst Pepping, German composer
  • 1901: Ramón Serrano Súñer, Spanish politician
  • 1902: Beltrán Arbeleche, Uruguayan architect
  • 1902: Juscelino Kubitschek, President of Brazil
  • 1902: Marya Zaturenska, American writer
  • 1903: Hans Fronius, Austrian painter and graphic artist
  • 1904: Gawriil Nikolayevich Popov, Russian composer
  • 1905: Ali Amini, Persian politician
  • 1905: Boris Alexandrovich Arapov, Russian composer
  • 1905: Helmut Körnig, German track and field athlete, Olympic medalist
  • 1906: Ivo Braak, German author, reciter and educator
  • 1906: Jacques Lacarrière, French ice hockey player and sports official
  • 1906: Georges Posener, French Egyptologist
  • 1906: Gerhard Winkler, German composer of light music
  • 1907: Roger Bonvin, Swiss politician and Federal Councillor
  • 1907: Louis MacNeice, Northern Irish poet
  • 1907: Josef Müller-Marein, German journalist and writer
  • 1907: Paul Scherman, Canadian violinist and conductor
  • 1907: Joseph Wewel, German Roman Catholic clergyman
  • 1908: Werner Flume, German lawyer
  • 1909: Kurt Becher, SS-Standartenführer in the Second World War
  • 1909: Edgar Behr, German regatta sailor
  • 1910: Erich Brehm, German cabaret author and director
  • 1912: Jürgen Bennecke, German general
  • 1912: Benno Niggemeyer, resistance fighter
  • 1913: Ettore Cella, Swiss actor and director
  • 1913: Jesse Owens, US track and field athlete of African-American descent, four-time Olympic champion
  • 1914: Desmond Llewelyn, British actor
  • 1915: Elvira Bauer, German writer
  • 1916: William Alonzo Anderson, US jazz trumpeter
  • 1916: Tony Bettenhausen, US-American racing driver
  • 1916: Mary Stewart, English writer
  • 1917: Jürgen Seydel, German karateka
  • 1917: Han Suyin, Chinese doctor and English-speaking author
  • 1918: Jacques Moreau, Belgian ancient historian
  • 1919: Jean Prouff, French football player
  • 1920: Lore Lorentz, German cabaret artist
  • 1921: Stanisław Lem, Polish philosopher, essayist and science fiction author
  • 1921: Wilhelm Totok, German librarian
  • 1922: Ursula Benedix, German politician
  • 1923: John Chambers, US-American make-up artist
  • 1924: Amílcar Cabral, Cape Verdean politician and independence fighter
  • 1924: Jester Naefe, German film actress
  • 1924: Johnny T. Talley, US-American country and rockabilly musician
  • 1925: Dickie Moore, US-American child star

1926–1950

Ian Holm

Joachim Frank

Barry White

  • 1926: Ellen Callmann, US-American art historian
  • 1926: Gaby von Schönthan, Austrian actress and writer
  • 1926: Frans Ludo Verbeeck, Belgian composer and conductor
  • 1927: Giselbert Hoke, Austrian artist
  • 1929: Roberto Angleró, Puerto Rican salsa composer, singer and bandleader
  • 1929: Alfons Meindl, German entrepreneur
  • 1930: Larry Austin, US composer, conductor and musicologist
  • 1930: Gunder Gundersen, Norwegian Nordic combined athlete
  • 1930: Klaus Siebold, German politician, Minister for Coal and Energy of the GDR
  • 1930: Piotr Skrzynecki, Polish cabaret artist
  • 1930: Akira Suzuki, Japanese chemist, Nobel Prize winner
  • 1931: Ian Holm, British actor
  • 1931: Herbert Knauer, German chemist and entrepreneur
  • 1931: George Jones, US-American singer
  • 1931: Adrian Rogers, US-American cult leader
  • 1932: Atli Pætursson Dam, Faroese politician
  • 1932: Werner Dürrson, German writer
  • 1933: Jewel Akens, US-American singer
  • 1934: Tesfamariam Bedho, Eritrean bishop
  • 1934: Glenn Davis, US-American track and field athlete
  • 1935: Geraldo Vandré, Brazilian singer, guitarist and composer
  • 1936: Dieter Dost, German actor
  • 1936: Wiesław Glos, Polish fencer
  • 1937: Gus Backus, US-American musician and pop singer
  • 1937: George Chuvalo, Canadian heavyweight boxer
  • 1937: Wayne Cogswell, US rock ‘n’ roll musician and songwriter
  • 1937: Henri Lopès, Congolese writer, Prime Minister of the Republic of Congo
  • 1938: KP Brehmer, German painter, graphic artist and filmmaker
  • 1938: Anne Helm, actress
  • 1938: Ludwig Mödl, German theologian
  • 1939: Joachim Kemmer, German actor, cabaret artist and dubbing artist
  • 1939: Horst Mehrländer, German politician, State Secretary in the Ministry of Economics of Baden-Württemberg
  • 1939: Henry Waxman, US-American politician
  • 1940: Joachim Frank, German-US-American biophysicist
  • 1940: Linda Gray, US actress
  • 1940: Anton Regh, German football player
  • 1940: Wayne McLaren, US-American model
  • 1941: Klaus van Ackern, German anaesthetist
  • 1941: Gunnar Hoydal, Faroese writer and architect
  • 1941: Çetin İnanç, Turkish film director and film producer
  • 1941: Hans-Karsten Raecke, German composer
  • 1941: Günter Rexrodt, German politician, Federal Minister of Economics
  • 1941: Ernst-Detlef Schulze, German plant ecologist and director of the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry
  • 1942: Carola von Braun, German politician
  • 1942: Mario Frustalupi, Italian football player
  • 1942: Jytte Hilden, Danish politician
  • 1942: Delme Thomas, Welsh rugby player
  • 1943: Kurt Demmler, German singer-songwriter
  • 1943: Otfried Höffe, German philosopher
  • 1943: Hiroaki Kuwahara, Japanese composer
  • 1943: François Marthouret, French actor
  • 1943: Maria Muldaur, US-American folk, country, jazz and blues singer
  • 1943: Ralph Neely, US American football player
  • 1943: Michael Ondaatje, Canadian writer
  • 1944: Eddie Keizan, South African motor racing driver
  • 1944: Winfried Nöth, German semiotician
  • 1944: Leonard Peltier, Indian freedom fighter
  • 1944: Rolf Schnellecke, Lord Mayor of Wolfsburg
  • 1944: Vladimir Fedorovich Spivakov, Russian violinist and conductor
  • 1944: Barry White, US-American soul singer and producer
  • 1945: Maria Penelope Katharine Aitken, Irish film actress and screenwriter
  • 1945: Norbert Berger, German singer(Cindy and Bert)
  • 1945: David Garrick, British opera and pop singer
  • 1945: Milo Manara, Italian comic artist
  • 1945: Richard Thaler, US economist
  • 1946: Siegfried Augustin, Austrian engineer
  • 1946: Reinhard Lauck, German football player
  • 1947: Jacques-Édouard Alexis, Prime Minister of Haiti
  • 1947: Peter Kutemann, Dutch entrepreneur and car racing driver
  • 1947: Jean-Claude Lagniez, French racing driver and racing stable owner
  • 1948: Enikő Buzási, Hungarian art historian
  • 1948: Ulrich Leykam, German musician
  • 1948: Willi Maier, German steeplechase and long-distance runner
  • 1948: Jean-Louis Schlesser, French rally driver
  • 1948: Steve Turré, US-American jazz musician
  • 1949: Charles Burlingame, US-American pilot
  • 1949: Irina Konstantinovna Rodnina, Russian figure skater
  • 1950: Robert J. Hodrick, US economist

1951–1975

Bertie Ahern

  • 1951: Bertie Ahern, Irish scientist and politician, Prime Minister
  • 1951: Barbara Angelsberger, Swiss politician

Joe Pantoliano (* 1951)

  • 1951: Joe Pantoliano, US actor
  • 1951: Gerald Stano, US-American serial killer
  • 1951: Joëlle Léandre, French jazz double bass player
  • 1952: Andre Gingrich, Austrian ethnologist
  • 1952: Neil Peart, Canadian musician(Rush)
  • 1952: Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, provisional president of Chechnya
  • 1953: Bernt Ivar Eidsvig, Norwegian theologian, Catholic Bishop of Oslo
  • 1953: Nan Goldin, US-American photographer
  • 1953: Ramesh Patel, New Zealand hockey player
  • 1953: Terry Porter, US-American cross-country skier
  • 1954: Robert Gober, US-American artist
  • 1954: Scott Hamilton, US jazz tenor saxophonist
  • 1955: Peter Scolari, US-American actor
  • 1956: Jeffrey Kahane, US-American pianist, harpsichordist, conductor and music educator
  • 1956: Dieter Schwabe, German football player
  • 1956: Leslie Cheung, Chinese actor
  • 1956: Sam Brownback, US-American politician
  • 1957: Dorothee Dzwonnek, German administrative lawyer, Secretary General of the German Research Foundation (DFG)
  • 1957: Michael McMahon, US-American politician
  • 1957: Rachel Ward, British-Australian film actress

Hans Zimmer (* 1957)

  • 1957: Hans Zimmer, German composer
  • 1957: Ferdinand Gamper, Italian serial killer
  • 1958: Kim Fupz Aakeson, Danish writer, illustrator, comic book author and screenwriter
  • 1958: Alexander Schirow, Russian ski racer
  • 1958: Franco Amurri, Italian film director
  • 1958: Peter Becker, German biochemist and molecular biologist
  • 1958: Wilfred Benitez, Puerto Rican boxer
  • 1959: Scott Brown, US-American politician
  • 1959: Ben Chandler, US-American politician
  • 1959: Deron Cherry, US American football player
  • 1959: Sigmar Gabriel, German politician, Minister-President of Lower Saxony, SPD party leader, Vice-Chancellor, several times Federal Minister
  • 1960: Uwe Ackermann, German track and field athlete
  • 1960: Marie-Agnès Annequin-Plantagenet, French football player
  • 1960: Robert John Burke, US-American actor
  • 1960: Frank Wormuth, German football player and coach
  • 1961: Mylène Farmer, French-Canadian pop singer
  • 1962: Michel Qissi, US-American actor
  • 1962: Amy Yasbeck, US-American film actress
  • 1962: Dino Merlin, Bosnian singer and producer
  • 1962: Mary Kay Adams, US-American film and theatre actress
  • 1963: Michael Anderheiden, German constitutional law teacher
  • 1963: Markus Paßlick, German musician and author
  • 1964: Greg Gutfeld, US journalist, television presenter and satirist
  • 1964: Dieter Hecking, German football player and coach
  • 1965: Silke Hörner, German swimmer
  • 1965: Oliver Kalkofe, German comedian, columnist and actor
  • 1965: Gerald Näscher, Liechtenstein ski racer and freestyle skier
  • 1965: Susanne-Marie Wrage, German actress and director
  • 1966: Anousheh Ansari, US-American-Iranian multimillionaire, first space tourist
  • 1966: Ben Folds, US singer and pianist
  • 1966: Ralf Bauer, German actor and presenter
  • 1966: Antoni Bernadó, Andorran long-distance runner
  • 1966: Luigi Giorgio, Italian motor racing driver
  • 1967: Bart Schouten, Dutch speed skating coach
  • 1967: Mirko Slomka, German football player and coach
  • 1968: Al Barr, US-American rock musician(Dropkick Murphys)
  • 1968: Ler LaLonde, US-American musician
  • 1968: Nicholas Russell, 6th Earl Russell, British peer and politician
  • 1969: James Frey, US-American writer
  • 1969: Mika Myllylä, Finnish cross-country skier
  • 1969: Shigeki Maruyama, Japanese golfer
  • 1971: Chandra Sturrup, Bahamian track and field athlete, Olympic champion
  • 1971: Oskar Camenzind, Swiss cyclist
  • 1971: Younes El Aynaoui, Moroccan tennis player
  • 1971: Aya Yoshida, Japanese organist and church musician
  • 1972: Anders Aukland, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1973: Dirk Ahner, German screenwriter
  • 1973: Darren Campbell, British track and field athlete
  • 1973: Martina Ertl-Renz, German ski racer
  • 1973: Paul Walker, US-American actor
  • 1973: Zhao Hongbo, Chinese figure skater
  • 1974: Emebet Abossa, Ethiopian marathon runner
  • 1974: Nuno Valente, Portuguese football player
  • 1975: Evanilson, Brazilian football player
  • 1975: Luis Castillo, Dominican baseball player

1976–2000

  • 1976: Graziella De Santis, German actress
  • 1976: Gérard Calvet, Andorran football player
  • 1976: Jolanda Čeplak, Slovenian track and field athlete
  • 1976: Bizzy Bone, US-American rapper
  • 1976: Maciej Żurawski, Polish football player
  • 1976: Coa Schwab, US-American composer and oboist
  • 1977: 2 Chainz, US-American rapper

Elisabetta Canalis (* 1978)

  • 1978: Elisabetta Canalis, Italian model and actress
  • 1978: Lukáš Došek, Czech football player
  • 1978: Felix Hellmann, German actor
  • 1978: Benjamin McKenzie, US-American actor
  • 1978: Sebastián Porto, Argentine motorcycle racer
  • 1978: Ruben Studdard, US-American R&B singer
  • 1979: Matthias Dollinger, Austrian football player
  • 1979: Florian Schroeder, German cabaret artist
  • 1980: Josef Vašíček, Czech ice hockey player
  • 1980: Roda Antar, Lebanese football player
  • 1980: Yao Ming, Chinese basketball player
  • 1980: Christina Zerbe, German football player
  • 1981: Dirk Reichl, German cyclist
  • 1981: Marijan Buljat, Croatian football player
  • 1981: Ada Dorian, German writer
  • 1981: Jennifer Hudson, US singer and actress
  • 1982: Matthias Müller, Swiss orienteer
  • 1983: Tom Geißler, German football player
  • 1984: Nash’at Akram, Iraqi football player
  • 1984: Martin Anthamatten, Swiss ski mountaineer
  • 1984: Petra Marklund, Swedish singer
  • 1984: Adam Sharpe, British motor racing driver
  • 1985: Kroy Bierman, US-American football player
  • 1985: Jamie Cope, English professional snooker player
  • 1985: Champian Fulton, US-American jazz singer and pianist
  • 1985: Sascha Klein, German water diver
  • 1985: Domenico Tedesco, German-Italian football coach

Emmy Rossum (* 1986)

  • 1986: Emmy Rossum, US singer and actress
  • 1986: Shannon Chandler, US actress
  • 1987: Kelvin Snoeks, Dutch racing driver
  • 1988: Henning Quade, German handball player
  • 1990: Yūji Kunimoto, Japanese racing driver
  • 1990: Holly Lam-Moores, British handball player
  • 1991: Thomas Meunier, Belgian football player
  • 1991: Kevin Rodrigues Pires, German-Portuguese football player
  • 1992: Ole Schemion, German poker player
  • 1992: Johannes Strolz, Austrian ski racer
  • 1993: Kelsea Ballerini, US-American country singer
  • 1993: Jakob Busk, Danish football player
  • 1994: Mhairi Black, Scottish politician
  • 1994: Simone Consonni, Italian cyclist
  • 1994: Gideon Jung, German football player
  • 1994: RM, South Korean rapper, singer, songwriter, composer and producer
  • 1994: Elina Switolina, Ukrainian tennis player
  • 1995: Leonie Tepe, German actress
  • 1996: Colin Ford, US-American actor
  • 1998: Johannes Hallervorden, German actor
  • 1999: Nele Trebs, German actress

Died

Before the 17th century

  • 0346: Maximin of Trier, Bishop of Trier
  • 0839: Gerfried, Bishop of Münster
  • 0912: Wiching, first bishop of Mitra, later bishop of Passau
  • 1012: Guido of Anderlecht, Flemish sexton and pilgrim; Catholic saint
  • 1015: Lambert I, Count of Louvain
  • 1185: Andronikos I, Byzantine Emperor
  • 1213: Peter II, King of Aragon
  • 1229: William II, Vice Count of Béarn
  • 1234: Henry II of Saarbrücken, Bishop of Worms
  • 1258: Tesauro dei Beccheria, Italian nobleman, Abbot General of the Vallombrosans
  • 1263: Mindaugas, Grand Duke and King of Lithuania
  • 1306: Heinrich II of Klingenberg, Bishop of Constance
  • 1362: Innocent VI, Pope
  • 1368: Blanche of Lancaster, Duchess of Lancaster
  • 1414: Friedrich von Perneck, Bishop of Seckau
  • 1416: Wenceslas Gerard of Burenitz, Patriarch of Antioch
  • 1427: Bertold von Bückelsburg, Bishop of Brixen
  • 1500: Albrecht III the Brave, Duke of Saxony
  • 1541: Peter Breuer, Saxon sculptor and carver of sculptures

17. and 18th century

  • 1602: Andreas von Rauchbar, German jurist
  • 1612: Vasily IV, Russian tsar from 1606 to 1610
  • 1634: Johann Philipp Abelin, German chronicler and translator
  • 1642: Henri Coiffier de Ruzé, Marquis de Cinq-Mars, French courtier
  • 1651: William Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Hamilton, Scottish nobleman
  • 1652: Franz Ico von Frydag, German officer and diplomat
  • 1652: Johann von Werth, general on horseback in the Thirty Years’ War
  • 1657: Anton Köhler, Mayor of Lübeck
  • 1660: Jacob Cats, Dutch poet and politician
  • 1674: Nicolaes Tulp, Dutch surgeon
  • 1680: Per Brahe the Younger, Swedish statesman
  • 1680: Martin Geier, German Lutheran theologian
  • 1683: Alfonso VI, King of Portugal
  • 1684: Johann Rosenmüller, German composer
  • 1690: Philipp Wilhelm, Duke of Palatinate-Neuburg and Jülich-Berg, Elector of the Palatinate
  • 1706: Eugenio Casparini, German organ builder
  • 1725: Martin Chladni, Hungarian Lutheran theologian
  • 1732: Jean Philippe Eugène de Merode-Westerloo, German Imperial Count and Officer
  • 1736: David Oppenheimer, Chief Rabbi of Prague, Provincial Rabbi of Moravia and Bohemia and Jewish scribe
  • 1739: Cesare Antonio Canavese, Italian sculptor and plasterer
  • 1739: Ernst Ludwig, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
  • 1739: Reinhard Keiser, German composer and opera producer
  • 1744: Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg-Schwedt, Prussian officer
  • 1758: Melchior Buchner, German painter and plasterer
  • 1759: Karl Anton August, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
  • 1761: Andreas Florens Rivinus, German jurist
  • 1763: Johann Joseph Couven, German architect and master builder of the Baroque period
  • 1764: Jean-Philippe Rameau, French composer and theorist
  • 1765: Johannes Ernst, Swiss Protestant clergyman

19. Century

  • 1819: Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Prussian field marshal general
  • 1829: Juan Ignacio Molina, Chilean priest and naturalist
  • 1831: Jippensha Ikku, Japanese writer
  • 1836: Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German playwright
  • 1839: Paul Julius Arter, Swiss draughtsman and etcher
  • 1853: Carl Barth, German draughtsman and engraver
  • 1855: Johann von Charpentier, German-Swiss geologist and glaciologist
  • 1856: August Emil Braun, German archaeologist
  • 1860: William Walker, US-American mercenary and adventurer
  • 1869: Peter Mark Roget, English physician and lexicographer
  • 1870: Carl August von Steinheil, German physicist, astronomer, optician and entrepreneur
  • 1876: Alexander Graf von Auersperg, better known as Anastasius Grün, Austrian poet and politician
  • 1877: Julius Rietz, German conductor, composition teacher and composer
  • 1880: Bushrod Rust Johnson, U.S. Army officer, major general in the Confederate Army
  • 1889: Fustel de Coulanges, French historian
  • 1897: Alix Fournier, French composer
  • 1897: Paul Yorck von Wartenburg, German jurist and philosopher

20. Century

1901–1950

  • 1902: Charles B. Andrews, US-American politician
  • 1912: Pierre-Hector Cardinal Coullié, French clergyman, Archbishop of Lyon
  • 1914: Salomon Haberland, German entrepreneur
  • 1917: Désiré André, French mathematician
  • 1918: George Reid, Australian politician
  • 1919: Leonid Nikolayevich Andreyev, Russian writer
  • 1920: Albert Trautmann, German pharmacist, local historian and writer
  • 1921: Caesar Antoine, US-American politician
  • 1921: Carlo Maffeis, Italian motorcycle racer
  • 1927: Walter Amelung, German classical archaeologist
  • 1929: Rainis, Latvian poet, playwright, editor and politician
  • 1931: Lili Elbe, Danish painter
  • 1936: Hermann Hirt, German Indo-Europeanist
  • 1944: Georg Agde, German chemist
  • 1945: Maximilian von der Asseburg-Neindorf, German manor owner, administrative official and parliamentarian
  • 1949: Walter Buch, German officer, politician and party functionary

1951–1975

  • 1953: James Hamilton, British nobleman and politician
  • 1953: Hugo Schmeisser, German weapons designer
  • 1955: Frank Stokes, US-American blues guitarist
  • 1956: Hermann Ammann, German linguist
  • 1956: Hans Carossa, German poet and author
  • 1957: Marie Arning, German politician
  • 1958: Marcus Behmer, German lettering and book artist, illustrator, graphic designer and painter
  • 1959: Hans Bernoulli, Swiss architect
  • 1959: William C. Stadie, US-American physician
  • 1960: Curt Goetz, German writer and actor
  • 1961: Carl Hermann, German professor of crystallography
  • 1961: Arthur Welti, Swiss radio pioneer
  • 1965: Matthias Pier, German chemist
  • 1966: Heinrich Stuhlfauth, German football player
  • 1969: Robert Geritzmann, German politician, Member of the Bundestag, Lord Mayor
  • 1969: Hilger van Scherpenberg, State Secretary at the Federal Foreign Office
  • 1971: Klaus Reisch, Austrian car racing driver
  • 1973: Gaston Mottet, French motor racing driver
  • 1973: Otto Nebel, German painter, poet and actor
  • 1973: Johan Dankmeijer, Dutch anatomist
  • 1975: Joe Alexander, US-American doctor, American football player and coach
  • 1975: Gösta Andersson, Swedish wrestler

1976–2000

  • 1977: Steve Biko, South African founder of the Black Consciousness Movement
  • 1977: Robert Lowell, American writer
  • 1978: O. E. Hasse, German actor, director and voice actor
  • 1979: Agop Dilâçar, Turkish professor and turcologist
  • 1979: Jocelyne LaGarde, French Polynesian actress
  • 1979: Josef Müller, German lawyer and politician, resistance fighter against National Socialism, MdL, state minister
  • 1980: Magdalena Aebi, Swiss philosopher
  • 1981: Eugenio Montale, Italian writer, Nobel Prize winner
  • 1982: Arthur Jores, German physician
  • 1982: Franz Grothe, German composer
  • 1983: Willy Fleckhaus, German designer and journalist
  • 1984: Lola Anglada, Spanish writer, illustrator and cartoonist
  • 1985: Lajzer Ajchenrand, Polish poet
  • 1985: Fred Strittmatter, German-Swiss film music composer
  • 1986: Ernst Haas, Austrian-American photographer
  • 1986: Charlotte Wolff, German-British writer
  • 1987: Joseph Lawton Collins, US general
  • 1989: Hugo Brandt, German politician, MdB, MdL
  • 1990: Johannes Ernst Köhler, German organist, cantor and university teacher
  • 1992: Anthony Perkins, US actor(Psycho)
  • 1993: Raymond Burr, US-American actor
  • 1993: Willie Mosconi, US-American pool player
  • 1993: Werner Niefer, German industrial manager, head of Mercedes in the Daimler-Benz Group
  • 1994: Walter Aichinger, Austrian politician
  • 1995: Jeremy Brett, British actor(Sherlock Holmes)
  • 1995: Malvin Russell Goode, first African-American TV journalist and news correspondent for the American Broadcasting Company
  • 1995: Yasutomo Nagai, Japanese motorcycle racer
  • 1996: Eleazar de Carvalho, Brazilian composer and conductor
  • 1996: Ernesto Geisel, Brazilian military, president of the country
  • 1996: Richard Barrer, New Zealand chemist
  • 1997: Stikkan Anderson, Swedish songwriter
  • 1998: Kurt Wölfflin, Austrian writer
  • 1998: Motoharu Yoshizawa, Japanese jazz bassist
  • 1999: Alfred Leo Abramowicz, US-American bishop
  • 2000: Konrad Kujau, German forger(Hitler diaries)

21. Century

Johnny Cash

  • 2001: Horst Sannemüller, German violinist and concertmaster
  • 2001: Rudolf Pörtner, German writer and historian
  • 2002: Ludwig Koch, German trade unionist
  • 2003: Johnny Cash, US-American country singer
  • 2003: Ray Merrick, British motor racing driver
  • 2004: Max Abramovitz, US-American architect
  • 2004: Ahmed Dini Ahmed, Djiboutian politician
  • 2004: Erich Mirek, German actor
  • 2004: Jack Turner, US-American automobile racing driver
  • 2005: Helmut Baierl, German writer
  • 2005: Ronald Leigh-Hunt, British actor
  • 2005: Fritz Schilgen, German track and field athlete
  • 2006: Thilo Koch, German television journalist
  • 2007: Gerlind Ahnert, German presenter, actress and dubbing artist
  • 2008: David Foster Wallace, US-American writer
  • 2009: Willy Ronis, French photographer
  • 2009: Norman Ernest Borlaug, US-American agronomist, Nobel laureate
  • 2009: Martin E. Süskind, German journalist and author
  • 2010: Charles Ansbacher, US-American conductor
  • 2010: Claude Chabrol, French film director
  • 2010: Siegfried Dohr, Austrian trade unionist
  • 2011: Alexander Saidgereevich Galimov, Russian ice hockey player
  • 2012: Jimmy Andrews, Scottish footballer
  • 2012: Sid Watkins, British neurosurgeon, long-time FIA Formula 1 race doctor
  • 2013: Ray Dolby, US inventor
  • 2013: Erich Loest, German writer
  • 2013: Otto Sander, German actor
  • 2014: Ian Paisley, Northern Irish politician
  • 2014: Joe Sample, US jazz musician
  • 2014: Herbert Vorgrimler, German Catholic theologian
  • 2018: Rachid Taha, Algerian singer and musician
  • 2019: Helmut Castritius, German ancient historian
  • 2020: Sepp Neumayr, Austrian composer

Feast days and commemoration days

  • Ecclesiastical memorial days
    • Matthew Ulicky, Bohemian deacon and martyr (Protestant)
    • St. Guido of Anderlecht, Belgian merchant, sexton and pilgrim (Catholic)
    • Name of the Virgin Mary (catholic)
  • Name days
    • Guido
  • Action Days
    • Day of the ecological-social market economy
  • Memorial Days
    • Day of the programmer in leap years

The list of commemorative days and days of action contains further entries.


Commons: September 12– Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual references

  1. Tennis: Kerber is the new world number one – and US Open finalist.In: SpiegelOnline. 9 September 2016, retrieved 2 January 2017.