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Samuel A. Maverick

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Samuel Augustus Maverick (born July 23, 1803 in Pendleton, South Carolina; † September 2, 1870 in San Antonio, Texas) was a U.S. lawyer, politician, and large landowner in Texas.[1]

In 1825 he earned a B.A. degree from Yale University and then studied law in Winchester, Virginia. Maverick lived in Texas from 1835 and was one of about 50 signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence of 1836 – a disavowal of Mexico. This may have saved his life. Since he traveled to Washington-on-the-Brazos for the signing, he was no longer at the Alamo when General Antonio López de Santa Anna’s troops attacked and nearly all the Texans there were killed.

In 1842 he was captured by the Mexicans and imprisoned near Mexico City. During his imprisonment he was again elected congressman from Texas. He was not politically active during the War of Secession.

Unlike the other breeders, he did not brand his cattle. Calves without branding have since been called “mavericks” in English. In English usage since then, a maverick is also a person who shows independence in thought and action, is a nonconformist, rebel, or outsider. In German usage, the term Alleingänger best describes a maverick.

Maverick County in Texas was named after him.

Individual references

  1. Paula Mitchell Marks:MAVERICK, SAMUEL AUGUSTUS.In TexasState Historical Association. Retrieved August 3, 2013 (English).