Rudolf Kraus (Mediziner)

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Rudolf Kraus (* October 31, 1868 in Jungbunzlau, Austria-Hungary; † July 16, 1932 in Santiago de Chile) was an Austrian physician of the “Viennese Medical School” who made significant achievements, especially in the fields of pathology, bacteriology and immunology, and is considered a pioneer of clinical chemistry and laboratory diagnostics.

Kraus began his work under Salomon Stricker at the Institute of General and Experimental Pathology at the University of Vienna. Stricker strove to combine experimental research with clinical practice and attracted many outstanding scientists alongside him, including the young Rudolf Kraus. Based on his experimental work at the university, Kraus published the first paper on immunoprecipitation reaction in the Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift in 1897.[1]

Urn niches by Guido Holzknecht, Rudolf Kraus and Friedrich Knauer

Shortly before the beginning of World War I, Kraus left Austria and spent ten years in South America, where he carried out important microbiological work in Argentina, Chile, and Brazil and trained a number of students. During this time he served as director of the Bacteriological-Serotherapeutic Institute in Buenos Aires and the Bacteriological Institute in Santiago de Chile. In 1923 he returned to Vienna and continued his work at the Serotherapeutic Institute of the University.[2]

After his death Rudolf Kraus was buried in an honorary grave in the arcade of the Feuerhalle Simmering directly next to the urn niches of Guido Holzknecht and Friedrich Knauer.

Individual references

  1. Medical University of Vienna History of the Institute of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research.
  2. Austrian Society for Allergology and Immunology The development of immunology in the Danube Monarchy and First Republic.