Rossenray mine

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Rossenray mine
General information about the mine
Halde Norddeutschland, Rossenray I-II.jpg

Winding tower Rossenray I (right) and winding tower shaft II (left), 2010

Funding/year approx. 1 million t
Information on the mining company
Start of operation 1963
End of operation 1971
Subsequent use Merger to form the Verbundbergwerk Rheinland
Raw materials extracted
Degradation of Hard coal
Geographical position
Coordinates 51° 31′ 3″ N, 6° 33′ 27″ ECoordinates 51° 31′ 3″ N, 6° 33′ 27″O
Schachtanlage Rossenray (Regionalverband Ruhr)
Schachtanlage Rossenray
Location of Rossenray shaft
Location Krummensteg
Community Kamp-Lintfort
County (NUTS3) Wesel
Country Land North Rhine-Westfalia
State Germany
Precinct Ruhr Valley

Shaft I winding tower, 2010

The Rossenray shaft was a hard coal mine in the northern part of Kamp-Lintfort.



Already at the beginning of the 20th century the company Friedrich Krupp AG acquired a larger mining field possession in the area of the districts Rossenray, Saalhoff and Rheinberg in the area of today’s city areas of Kamp-Lintfort and Rheinberg, namely 39 hard coal fields and five hard salt fields with an area of hard coal fields 63.5 km2. This mining field possession was divided between the Rheinberg field (39 km2) and the Rossenray field (24.5 km2).[1] For Rossenray the Bergrechtliche Gewerkschaft Rossenray was founded, in whose share certificates (Kuxe) the company Friedrich Krupp owned the majority.

Preliminary work

In 1909, preliminary work began on the construction of a double shaft.[1] The First World War then brought the work to a standstill.

In 1937, Friedrich Krupp AG became the sole owner.[1] In the same year, preparatory work for the shaft was resumed. In 1943 the freezing process for the two shafts was started.[1] The end of the Second World War again interrupted the sinking operations. The Rossenray trade union was temporarily liquidated and put on hold.

Despite the onset of the coal crisis, the newly founded Krupp successor company Bergwerke Essen-Rossenray AG resumed sinking operations in 1955.[1] The Rossenray shaft was designed as a modern connecting plant.

After a provisional start, the plant was to be expanded into a central facility with 3 shafts, a power station and a coking plant. Shaft 1 and 2 were to become equal conveyors and the additional shaft 3 to be sunk was to take over the rope haulage and material handling.


In the early 1960s, Shaft 1 and 2 reached final depth.[1] In 1963, shaft 2 went into operation with a small hoisting system and a provisional processing plant,[1] Shaft 1 was only kept open.

On 16 February 1966, a firedamp explosion occurred in the Rossenray construction field, killing 16 miners.[2][3][4]

On 27 November 1968 the Rossenray shaft was incorporated into the newly founded Ruhrkohle AG. From 1969 onwards the plant was run as one works management together with the Pattberg shaft.

Annual production at that time was 950 000 tonnes of coal.

Ruhrkohle AG decided to develop the Rossenray shaft as a sidetrack, but in a smaller version than originally planned. In 1968 shaft 1 was sunk deeper and a fourth level was added at 1100 metres.[1] In 1970 shaft 1 was equipped with a new type of hoisting system. The concrete winding tower erected for this purpose was to contain the processing facilities in a separate extension. The resulting cross-shaped building became a characteristic landmark. The tower of the same design planned for shaft 2 was not built, and the smaller hoisting equipment with a box-section strut frame remained in operation. Furthermore the planning of shaft 3 as well as of the coal-value installations was shelved. In 1971 the Pattberg/Rossenray and Rheinpreußen 5/9 collieries merged to form the Rhineland integrated mine. The Rossenray pit continued to provide rope haulage, materials handling and mining services for this facility.

In 2003, the so-called “AVSA 02” was put into operation at Rossenray. The “AVSA” was a tunnelling machine specially developed for DSK by the Austrian Voest Alpine Bergtechnik and the University of Leoben, which was in use at Prosper-Haniel.[5] The patent holders of the German patent DE 19623653 were Voest Alpine Bergtechnik and DSK. The inventors were Matthias Roesch, Alfred Zitz, Karl Lerchbaum and Otto Krassnitzer.[6] The “AVSA 01” was in use at the Friedrich Heinrich mine. The “AVSA 02” defined itself as the successor machine by an even higher degree of automation and the maximum headroom of 8.20 m. The special features of this machine were that it could cut and anchor at the same time(alternative heading system cutting and anchoring) and thus the development speed of the roadways could be increased.[7]


By 1 May 2011, Rossenray colliery had ceased its surface operations. A large part of the workforce continued to work at West colliery, formerly Friedrich-Heinrich, until the end of 2012. Coal production there ended with the last shift on 21 December 2012, due to the cessation of subsidised coal mining in Germany. This means that coal mining is now a thing of the past in the Lower Rhine region.[8] In 2018, the winding tower of shaft 2 was demolished. On 7 October 2019, the demolition of the Rossenray 1 winding tower began.[9][10]


  • Wilhelm Hermann, Gertrude Hermann: The old collieries at the Ruhr. 6th extended and updated edition, publishing house Karl Robert Langewiesche, successor Hans Köster KG, Königstein i. Taunus, 2006, ISBN 3784569943
  • Joachim Huske: Die Steinkohlenzechen im Ruhrrevier. Facts and Figures from the Beginnings to 2005 (= Publications from the German Mining Museum Bochum, Vol. 144). 3., revised and extended edition. Self-published by the German Mining Museum, Bochum 2006, ISBN 3-937203-24-9, p. 836.

Individual references

  1. a b c d e f g h Joachim Huske: The coal mines in the Ruhr area. 3. Ed. Bochum 2006, p. 836.
  2. 100 years of coal mining in Kamp-Lintfort.Archived fromOriginal2January 2008; retrieved 19 October 2010.
  3. Mining disasters & their monuments.Retrieved 19 October 2010.
  4. Mining accident exactly 50 years ago: 16 people died in Kamp-Lintfort at the time.Archived fromOriginal21February 2016; retrieved 19 October 2010.
  5. triple m Issue 4 2002(Memento of 31 July 2013 in the Internet Archive)
  6. German patent DE19623653: Roadway driving machine with travel drive.
  7. Powerful AVSA II tunnelling machine makes its way underground(Memento of 12 April 2016 in the Internet Archive) (retrieved 4 May 2012; PDF file; 1.26 MB)
  8. Shift in the shaft: Rossenray ends surface operations – (with various photos) retrieved on 25 July 2013
  9. Rossenray shaft tower in Kamp-Lintfort will soon be history.In: October 2, 2019, accessed October 8, 2019.
  10. Demolition of Rossenray 1 winding tower with a Liebherr HS 895 crawler crane

Web links

Commons: Rossenray shaft– Collection of pictures, videos and audio files