Protivec-Bochov railway line
|Course Book Line (SŽDC):||163 (1996)|
|Line length:||16.633 km|
|Gauge:||1435 mm ( standard gauge)|
|Maximum speed:||40 km/h|
The Protivec-Bochov railway line is a regional railway connection in the Czech Republic, originally built as part of the Rakonice-Petschau-Buchau state-guaranteed local railway. The line branches off from the Rakovník-Bečov nad Teplou railway line in Protivec (Protiwitz) and leads to Bochov(Buchau). After the discontinuation of passenger traffic in 1996, the line is now served only by freight trains.
According to a decree of the Czech government, the line has been classified as a regional railway (“regionální dráha”) since 20 December 1995.
The concession for the construction and operation of a locomotive railway to be built as a standard-gauge local railway was granted by the Austrian state on 31 May 1895. On 27 June 1897, the new line was opened together with the Rakonice-Ludice section of the Rakovník-Bečov nad Teplou line.
The operation was carried out by the k.k. Staatsbahnen (kkStB) on account of the owners. The line had the densest timetable in its history until the beginning of the First World War. In the timetable of 1912 there were five mixed pairs of trains, which always had a connection to the trains to and from Rakonice in Protiwitz.
After the First World War, the management of the line was transferred to the newly founded Czechoslovak State Railways (ČSD) in October 1918. Their first timetable of 1919 showed only two train pairs, later the offer was expanded again to four train pairs. On 1 January 1925, the local railway company was nationalised and incorporated into the ČSD.
At the end of the 1920s, competition from road transport became increasingly noticeable. Many passengers now used the faster buses on the parallel I/6 trunk road. In addition, travel was increasingly directed towards the nearby district town of Karlovy Vary, which could only be reached by rail with a long detour. During the world economic crisis in the early 1930s, the ČSD finally discontinued tourist traffic.
After the annexation of the Sudetenland to Germany on 1 October 1938, the line came under the administration of the Deutsche Reichsbahn, Reichsbahndirektion Dresden. The latter resumed passenger traffic after the beginning of World War II in 1939. In the Reichskursbuch the line was listed as route 167n Protiwitz-Buchau (Sudetenl) included.
After the end of the Second World War on 8 May 1945, the line reverted to the ČSD. As a result of the resettlement of the German-speaking population in 1945/46, there was again a reduction in transport demand, so that travel was not resumed at first. It was not until the mid-1950s that the ČSD operated passenger services again, which were now handled by motorised trains. In the 1988/89 timetable, three pairs of passenger trains ran on weekdays, taking 29 minutes in both directions for the entire Protivec-Bochov route.
On 1 January 1993, as part of the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, the line passed to the newly formed Czech state railway organization České dráhy (ČD). On 31 May 1996, the ČD ceased passenger services. The last timetable of the ČD showed three pairs of trains on weekdays on the whole route, and one pair on school days between Bochov and Vahaneč.
Today, the line is only used for freight traffic. At the end of the line in Bochov there is a sawmill and a timber loading point, which continue to provide regular freight traffic.
- Vladimír Zuska: 100 let tratí Rakovník – Bečov n.T. a Protivec – Bochov, Lokálka Group Rokycany 1997
- Miroslav Jelen: Zrušené železniční tratě v Čechách, na Moravě a ve Slezsku. Dokořán, Praha 2009, ISBN 978-80-7363-129-1.
– Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
- Zdeněk Hudec et al: Atlas drah České republiky 2006-2007, 2nd edition; Pavel Malkus Publishing House, Praha, 2006, ISBN 80-87047-00-1
- Artaria’s Railway Map of Austria-Hungary and the Balkan States, with Station Index; Artaria & Co., Vienna 1913
- Decree of the Czech Government of 20 December 1995
- Imperial Law Gazette for the Kingdoms and Lands represented in the Imperial Council of 3 July 1895
- Reichskursbuch 1944 – valid from 3 July 1944 until further notice; Kursbuch route 154t
- Timetable 1988/89 of the ČSD
- Timetable 1995/96 of the ČD