Philipp Schenk zu Schweinsberg

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coat of arms Philipp Schenk zu Schweinsberg, Prince-Abbot of Fulda 1541-1550

Philipp Schenk zu Schweinsberg (* before 1497; † 15 January 1550 in Fulda) was prince abbot of the monastery of Fulda from 1541 to 1550.


Philipp descended from the Hessian noble family of the Schenck zu Schweinsberg. His father was Conrad Schenk zu Schweinsberg (* 1459 † 1 March 1497 in Lich), bailiff at Lich, who in 1482 had the ancestral seat of the family, Schweinsberg Castle, considerably expanded by the landgravial fortress architect Hans Jakob von Ettlingen and adapted to the latest requirements. His mother was Elisabeth Rau von Holzhausen zu Nordeck († 19 September 1503 in Lich), daughter of Heinrich III Rau von Holzhausen and Gertrud von Biedenfeld.


Philipp Schenk zu Schweinsberg was elected to succeed Johann III of Henneberg-Schleusingen as prince abbot of Fulda Abbey on May 12, 1541. He worked with zeal, traveled the country and encouraged the “true doctrine”. Pope Paul III called him in 1542 as an advisor for the preparation of the Council of Trent (1545-1563). Philip, however, guarded against old age and recommended influential bishops to whom he gave voice and authority

During the Schmalkaldic War, Elector Johann Friedrich I of Saxony passed through Fulda in 1547 with 4,000 cavalry and 22,000 infantry. He demanded 30,000 florins from Prince-Abbot Philipp. To avoid plunder, the prince abbot paid. Johann Friedrich took the money and nevertheless left the city to his soldiers to plunder. He also left the sick of his army in Fulda, which after the plague epidemic of 1544 again led to illness and death among the population.

Philip died on 15 January 1550 and was buried in Fulda.[1]

Web links

Individual references

  1. Chronicle of Fulda and its environs from 744 to and including 1838, Vacha 1839, p. 70
Predecessor Office Successor
Johann III of Henneberg-Schleusingen Prince-Abbot of Fulda
Wolfgang Dietrich of Eusigheim