Paul Bard

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Paul Heinrich Wilhelm Carl Bard (* 25 March 1839 in Dömitz; † 17 April 1927 in Schwerin), was a German Evangelical Lutheran theologian, Superintendent of Schwerin and Oberkirchenrat.


Paul Bard was a son of the pastor and later church councilor August Bard (1808-1896).[1] He attended the Borchersche Knabeninstitut in Sülze near Celle and from 1853-1857 the Gymnasium Fridericianum Schwerin. From Michaelmas 1857 he studied Protestant theology at the universities of Erlangen and Leipzig and from 1859 at the University of Rostock.[2] During his studies he was influenced by von Hofmann, Delitzsch, Thomasius, Luthardt and, as a preacher in Leipzig, Friedrich Ahlfeld. After his exams he became a teacher, 1860/61 a tutor in Lohmen, 1861 a teacher at the Sarauschen Höhere Töchterschule in Schwerin, 1863 rector and 1864 rector in Grabow (Elde). In 1865 he was ordained pastor and received his first pastorate at the country workhouse in Güstrow Castle. Appointed third cathedral preacher at Schwerin Cathedral in November 1869, he became first cathedral preacher and superintendent for the Schwerin parish in 1876. In 1886 he was appointed Oberkirchenrat and in 1902 Geheimer Oberkirchenrat. In 1909 he retired.

Inauguration of the Redeemer Church on Reformation Day 1898

In 1879 he presided at the Lutheran wedding of the Hereditary Grand Duke Frederick Francis III with the Grand Duchess Anastasia in St. Petersburg. In 1897 he was honored with an honorary doctorate from the theological faculty of the University of Rostock. In 1898, together with the President of the Oberkirchenrat Adolf Giese, he participated as a representative of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in the dedication of the Church of the Redeemer (Jerusalem) by Kaiser Wilhelm II.[3]

Since 1863 he was married to Anna, née Halbach, daughter of an organist in Gadebusch. The couple had ten children.


  • Order of Saint Stanislaus, 2nd Class

Works (selection)

  • In no other salvation! Sermons preached in Schwerin Cathedral. Railway, Schwerin 1892
  • One is necessary! Sermons in the Cathedral of Schwerin. Railway, Schwerin 1897
  • To Jerusalem. Memories from the Orient Journey. Railway, Schwerin 1899
  • Christianity and the intelligentsia. Railway, Schwerin 1912
  • Christianity and its accusers. Railway, Schwerin 1913
  • The Firm Fortress of our Christian Faith, Appreciated for the Guidance and Strengthening of Challenged Christians. Railway, Schwerin 1913
  • The blood of Jesus Christ, nothing else, makes us clean from all sin. A Confession. Railway, Schwerin 1913
  • We Christians and the Old Testament. A testimony to the defense. Railway, Schwerin 1924
  • From my life: a biographical sketch. To the glory of God, to the memory of my own! Bärensprung, Schwerin 1923 [2nd, increased edition: Bärensprung, Schwerin 1927]


  • Friedrich Walter: Unsere Landesgeistlichen von 1810 bis 1888: biographische Skizzen sämmtlicher Mecklenburg-Schwerinschen Geistlichen. Self-published, Penzlin 1889, p. 280.
  • Stephan Sehlke: Pädagogen – Pastoren – Patrioten. Norderstedt 2009, ISBN 978-3-8370-9497-8, pp. 24-25.
  • Maibritt Gustrau: Orientalen oder Christen?: Orientalisches Christentum in Reiseberichten deutscher Theologen. Göttingen 2016, p. 300ff.
  • Grete Grewolls: Who was who in Mecklenburg and Western Pomerania. The encyclopedia of persons. Hinstorff Verlag, Rostock 2011, ISBN 978-3-356-01301-6, pp. 473-474.

Web links

Individual references

  1. Entry August Bard in the Rostock Matriculation Portal
  2. Entry in the Rostock Matriculation Portal
  3. Thomas Hartmut Benner: Die Strahlen der Krone: die religiöse Dimension des Kaisertums unter Wilhelm II. vor dem Hintergrund der Orientreise 1898. Marburg: Tectum 2001; Zugl.: Leipzig, Univ., Habil.-Schr., 2001 ISBN 3-8288-8227-7, S. 180f.