Old New Town
|Population Density:||4.562 inhabitants per km²|
|(As of Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Local districts/districts:||University Quarter
|Tram lines:||1, 2, 5, 8, 9, 10|
|Bus routes:||69, 73
610, 613 (BördeBus)
Alte Neustadt is a district of the state capital Magdeburg of Saxony-Anhalt. On an area of 2.5657 km² live 11,706 inhabitants (as of 31 December 2019).
In 1209 this town was mentioned for the first time as “nova civitas” (new town) in the report on the dispute between Emperor Otto IV and Archbishop Albrecht I – the new town as well as the village of Frose were completely destroyed and were rebuilt north of the old town.
With the foundation of the Agneten monastery by Albrecht I. in 1230, the new town received city rights (not as a suburb of Magdeburg, but as an independent town), in 1373 Frohse was included. The ever-expanding ramparts and fortifications of the old town forced it to be moved further north, which meant that old buildings were lost.
In 1471 the hospital Schwiesau was founded, which existed for more than three hundred years in Alte Neustadt.
The capture of (Old) New Town by troops of Elector Moritz of Saxony on 28 November 1550 and Duke Georg of Mecklenburg in the course of the siege of the city of Magdeburg to enforce an imperial sentence (the siege ended on 5 November 1551), as well as in the Thirty Years’ War on 21 April 1631, led to the evacuation and destruction of Old New Town (by Magdeburg troops on the orders of Dietrich von Falkenberg; this was intended to prevent Neustadt, in the event of the unavoidable capture, from being destroyed). April 1631 led to the evacuation and destruction of the Old New Town (by Magdeburg troops on the orders of Dietrich von Falkenberg; this was intended to prevent New Town from falling into the hands of Tilly in the event of his unavoidable capture).
After reconstruction, it extended from the present Pfälzer Platz to the Sieverstor at the end of the 17th century. Since 1680 the then still independent town of Neustadt belonged to the Brandenburg-Prussian Duchy of Magdeburg and was located in the then Holzkreis II.
The main occupations were agriculture and trade. Even before 1800, distilleries, breweries, chichi kilns and cloth processing were established.
By order of Napoleon I, most of the Alte Neustadt was demolished in 1812 in order to build fortifications and their strategic surroundings. As a replacement, the New New Town was founded on the road to Barleben. The Agneten Monastery and the Schwiesau Hospital were also destroyed in this context.
The Alte Neustadt originally belonged to the city of Neustadt-Magdeburg and was incorporated with it into the city of Magdeburg on April 1, 1886.
The construction of the commercial harbour from 1886 to 1893 on the Agneswerder was of decisive importance for the settlement of new industrial plants (mill works, coffee factory – today: Röstfein -) and warehouses and silos.
From 1898 the construction of St. Martin’s Church took place. Heavily destroyed in the Second World War, the building was blown up in 1959.
Structures, installations and equipment
The cultural monuments present in the district are listed in the local register of monuments.
Special facilities include:
- Börde Brewery (closed down)
- Fire Station North
- Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation and Automation
- Geschwister-Scholl-Park, formerly “Queen-Luise-Garden
- Lifting bridge in the commercial port of Magdeburg, built in 1894, technical monument
- Locomotive shed Alte Neustadt
- Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems
- Nordpark, former northern cemetery of the city of Magdeburg
- Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg
- Röstfein Kaffee GmbH
- Full gantry crane in the commercial port of Magdeburg, technical monument
- Werner-von-Siemens grammar school
- 1681-1690: Martin Sievers
- 1811-1846: Karl Rosenthal
- City Manager:
- 1878-1886: Johann Wilhelm Hauswaldt
- People who are connected to the Old New Town in other ways:
- Berthold Schwiesau donated the hospital Schwiesau in 1471.
- Maria Kühne (1885-1947) was active in the Müller-Kühne resistance group in Alte Neustadt until 1934.
- Johannes Kirsch (1891-1951) led the illegal local group of the KPD from May 1933 to September 1935.
– Collection of pictures, videos and audio files