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Oberreichenbach (Großhabersdorf)

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Oberreichenbach
Community Großhabersdorf

Coordinates 49° 25′ 59″ N, 10° 45′ 29″ O

Height: 377 m above sea level
Residents: 141 (2016)
Zip code: 90613
Area code: 09105
St. Bartholomäus-Kirche Oberreichenbach
St. Bartholomew’s Church Oberreichenbach

Cross at the Hornsegener Weg

Inn in Oberreichenbach, in the background St. Bartholomäus

Oberreichenbach (colloquially: “Raicheʳschbach”[1]) is a district of the municipality of Großhabersdorf in the district of Fürth (Middle Franconia, Bavaria).

Geography

The church village lies in the Rangau about three kilometers northwest of Großhabersdorf in the valley of the Reichenbach, a left tributary of the Bibert. Immediately north of the village the terrain rises to the densely wooded, 427 m high Dillenberg. To the west, east and south the village is surrounded by farmland and grassland. In the south the field is called Lohfeld, in the southeast Latterbuck. Northwest of the village is the nine-hectare nature reserve 18, which includes a chain of ponds in a swampy lowland in a spring branch of the Reichenbach rising from the Dillenberg.

The district road FÜ 18 leads to Kirchfarrnbach ( km lich). It leads as Farrnbacher Straße into the district road FÜ 19 (Dorfstraße), which leads to Unterschlauersbach to the state road 2245 (2.5 km south) or to Deberndorf (3 km east). Municipal connecting roads lead to Hornsegen (1.7 km east) and to Seubersdorf to the St 2245 (2 km southwest).[2][3]

History

The area was already settled in the Mesolithic period, as evidenced by features from an elevated open-air station on the Dillenberg. An early medieval section fortification was also found there, as well as the remains of a quarry and some dressing places.

The village was first mentioned in a document in 1259 as “Richenbach”, when Rudolf, Erckenbertus, Johann, Eberhard and Gertraud von Leonrod gave the monastery of Seligenporten a small estate in the village. In 1414 the village was called “Obernreichenbach” for the first time to better distinguish it from the nearby Vogtsreichenbach. The name of the village is derived from a similar name of a watercourse, the determinative of which is the Middle High German word “rîche” (= powerful, strong, large).[1]

The monastery of Heilsbronn acquired three farms in the village.[4] At the time of the Reformation in 1528 Oberreichenbach was subject to Dietenhofen.[5]

Towards the end of the 18th century there were 26 estates in Oberreichenbach. The Brandenburg-Ansbach bailiwick of Langenzenn exercised the high court and the village and municipal lordship. The bailiwick office of Markt Erlbach exercised the high court over the Bavarian subjects to a limited extent. Landlords were the Kastenamt Cadolzburg (five farms, four half-farms, one estate), the Deanery Langenzenn (one half-farm), the Spital Langenzenn (one estate), the Heiligenstiftung Dietenhofen (one estate, two houses), the parish Dietenhofen and Heiligenstiftung Oberreichenbach (one inn, two little houses) and the Deutschordenskommende Nürnberg (four farms, two half-farms, two estates).[6]

Within the framework of the Gemeindeedikt, Oberreichenbach was assigned to the tax district Unterschlauersbach formed in 1808 and to the Ruralgemeinde Unterschlauersbach founded in the same year.[7]

In the 1810s, the Bavarian Urkataster shows Oberreichenbach as a typical Haufendorf, located south of the church on both sides of the Reichenbach in the valley bottom. There were 25 farms with irregularly cut but stately farmland, as well as three ponds outside.[8]

In 1901 the volunteer fire brigade was founded. The fire station is located on the village square. A memorial stone commemorates the 100th anniversary of the founding of the fire brigade. A sports field with volleyball court and playground is located on site.

On 1 July 1971 the incorporation of Oberreichenbach together with the then village (market) Unterschlauersbach into the municipality of Großhabersdorf took place. The school was attended at that time in Seubersdorf, the former municipality Seubersdorf – Oberschlauersbach. During the territorial reform in Bavaria, Seubersdorf was incorporated into Dietenhofen on January 1, 1970, and at that time compulsory schooling was also transferred to Großhabersdorf in the elementary school built in 1965.

Monuments

The listed St. Bartholomäus church was built in the second half of the 15th century and belongs to the Protestant parish of Großhabersdorf. It is built over the underground remains of a medieval predecessor building, which are designated as an archaeological monument. In the 18th century it was extended by the choir tower. Other listed objects in Oberreichenbach are a half-timbered barn from the 18th century near Farnbacher Straße and the late medieval wayside cross at the eastern end of the village.[9]

Population development

Year 001818 001840 001861 001871 001885 001900 001925 001950 001961 001970 001987 002016
Inhabitants 166 210 188 216 230 222 209 265 161 150 152 141
Houses[10] 28 35 39 41 37 36 35 37
Source [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21]

Religion

The village has been Protestant since the Reformation. The inhabitants of the Lutheran denomination are parishioners of St. Walburg (Großhabersdorf), the inhabitants of the Roman Catholic denomination are parishioners of St. Walburga (Großhabersdorf).

Literature

  • Johann Kaspar Bundschuh: Oberreichenbach. In: Geographisches Statistisch-Topographisches Lexikon von Franken. Volume 4: Ni-R . Verlag der Stettinischen Buchhandlung, Ulm 1801, DNB 790364301,OCLC 833753101 , Sp. 213 ( digital copy).
  • August Gebeßler: Stadt und Landkreis Fürth (=Bayerische Kunstdenkmale. Band 18). Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1963, DNB 451450957, pp. 136-137.
  • Hanns Hubert Hofmann: Nürnberg-Fürth (=Historical Atlas of Bavaria, Part Franconia. I, 4). Kommission für Bayerische Landesgeschichte, Munich 1954, DNB 452071224, p. 156 ( digital copy). P. 234 (digital copy).
  • Georg Paul Hönn: Ober-Reichenbach. In: Lexicon Topographicum des Fränkischen Craises. Johann Georg Lochner, Frankfurt and Leipzig 1747, p. 359 (Digitalisat).
  • Georg Muck: Geschichte von Kloster Heilsbronn von der Urzeit bis zur Neuzeit. Volume 2: Verl. für Kunstreprod. Schmidt, Neustadt an der Aisch 1993, ISBN 3-923006-90-X, p. 357( digital copy first edition: Beck, Nördlingen 1879).
  • Wolfgang Wiessner: Stadt und Landkreis Fürth (=Historisches Ortsnamenbuch von Bayern, Mittelfranken. Band 1). Commission for Bavarian Regional History, Munich 1963, DNB 455524629, pp. 77-78.

Web links

Commons: Oberreichenbach (Großhabersdorf)– Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual references

  1. a b W. Wiessner, p. 77f.
  2. Oberreichenbach in BayernAtlas
  3. NSG 18 west of Oberreichenbach
  4. G. Muck, vol. 2, p. 357.
  5. Max Döllner: History of the development of the town of Neustadt an der Aisch up to 1933. Ph. C. W. Schmidt, Neustadt a.d. Aisch 1950. (New edition 1978 on the occasion of the anniversary 150 years publishing house Ph. C. W. Schmidt Neustadt an der Aisch 1828-1978.) S. 195.
  6. H. H. Hofmann, p. 156. 27 estates erroneously stated there.
  7. H. H. Hofmann, p. 234.
  8. Oberreichenbach in BayernAtlas (Bavarian original map)
  9. LfD list for Großhabersdorf pages 2,3 and 6 (.pdf)
  10. Only inhabited houses are indicated. In 1818 these were referred to as fireplaces, in 1840 as houses, and from 1885 to 1987 as dwellings.
  11. Alphabetical Directory of all localities contained in the Rezat District after its constitution effected by the latest organization: with indication of a. the tax districts, b. court districts, c. rent offices in which they lie, then several other statistical notes. Ansbach 1818, p. 68 (digital copy).
  12. Eduard Vetter (ed.): Statistisches Hand- und Adreßbuch von Mittelfranken im Königreich Bayern. Selbstverlag, Ansbach 1846, p. 69 (digital copy).
  13. Joseph Heyberger, Chr. Schmitt, v. Wachter: Topographisch-statistisches Handbuch des Königreichs Bayern nebst alphabetischem Ortslexikon. In: K. Bayer. Statistisches Bureau (ed.): Bavaria. Landes- und Volkskunde des Königreichs Bayern. Volume 5, Literarisch-artistische Anstalt der J. G. Cotta’sche Buchhandlung, Munich 1867, p. 1032, urn:nbn:de:bvb:12-bsb10374496-4 ( digital copy).
  14. Kgl. Statistisches Bureau (ed.): Vollständiges Ortschaften-Verzeichniss des Königreichs Bayern. According to districts, administrative districts, court districts and municipalities under addition of the parish, school and postal affiliation … with an alphabetical general local register containing the population according to the results of the census of December 1, 1875. Adolf Ackermann, Munich 1877, 2nd section (population figures of December 1, 1871, livestock figures of 1873), sp. 1198, urn:nbn:de:bvb:12-bsb00052489-4 (digitalisat).
  15. K. Bayer. Statistisches Bureau (ed.): Ortschaften-Verzeichniss des Königreichs Bayern. According to government districts, administrative districts, … then with an alphabetical register of localities with the addition of the property and the competent administrative district for each locality. LIV. Volume of the Contributions to the Statistics of the Kingdom of Bavaria. Munich 1888, Section III, Sp. 1128 (Digitalisat).
  16. K. Bayer. Statistisches Bureau (ed.): Ortschaften-Verzeichnis des Königreichs Bayern, mit alphabetischem Ortsregister. LXVth issue of Beiträge zur Statistik des Königreichs Bayern. München 1904, Abschnitt II, Sp. 1196 (Digitalisat).
  17. Bayerisches Statistisches Landesamt (ed.): Ortschaften-Verzeichnis für den Freistaat Bayern nach der Volkszählung vom 16. Juni 1925 und dem Gebietsstand vom 1. Januar 1928. Heft 109 der Beiträge zur Statistik Bayerns. München 1928, Abschnitt II, Sp. 1234 (Digitalisat).
  18. Bayerisches Statistisches Landesamt (ed.): Amtliches Ortsverzeichnis für Bayern – Bearbeitet auf Grund der Volkszählung vom 13. September 1950. Heft 169 der Beiträge zur Statistik Bayerns. München 1952, DNB 453660975, Abschnitt II, Sp. 1064( Digitalisat).
  19. Bayerisches Statistisches Landesamt (ed.): Amtliches Ortsverzeichnis für Bayern, Gebietsstand am 1. Oktober 1964 mit statistischen Angaben aus der Volkszählung 1961. Heft 260 der Beiträge zur Statistik Bayerns. München 1964, DNB 453660959, Abschnitt II, Sp. 782( Digitalisat).
  20. Bayerisches Statistisches Landesamt (ed.): Amtliches Ortsverzeichnis für Bayern. Heft 335 der Beiträge zur Statistik Bayerns. Munich 1973, DNB 740801384, p. 174 ( digital copy).
  21. Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (ed.): Amtliches Ortsverzeichnis für Bayern, Gebietsstand: 25. Mai 1987. Heft 450 der Beiträge zur Statistik Bayerns. Munich November 1991, DNB 94240937X, p. 336( digital copy).