Nikolai Romanowitsch Romanow

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Nikolai with his father Prince Roman and grandfather Grand Duke Peter in the 1920s

Nikolai Romanovich Romanov(Russian Николай Романович Романов, bot. Transliteration Nikolai Romanovič Romanov; b. 26 September 1922 in Antibes; † 15 September 2014 in Tuscany) was a member of the House of Romanov-Holstein-Gottorp and a descendant of Russian Tsar Nicholas I.


Nikolai is the eldest son of Roman Petrovich Prince Romanov (1896-1978) and his wife Praskovia Countess Sheremeteva (1901-1980). Through his father, he is a great-grandson of Nikola I Petrović Njegosh of Montenegro and great-great-grandson of Russian Tsar Nicholas I.

Nikolai grew up in France and after graduating from high school he studied philology and history. Through family connections, he did his military service in the Italian Navy. Due to his short-sightedness, he was discharged from military service and lived in Egypt during World War II. Nikolai Romanovich Romanov was married to the Italian Sveva della Gherardesca (* 1930) since May 21, 1952. The marriage produced daughters Natalia, Elisaveta and Tatiana. The couple lived in Rome and Rougemont.

Nikolai, as a family member and as a historian, was jointly responsible for the identification of the family of Tsar Nicholas II, whose bodies had been found in Ekaterinburg, and their ceremonial burial in the presence of then President Boris Yeltsin in 1998. The Romanov family expressed the wish to also be allowed to transfer the body of the Tsar’s widow Dagmar of Denmark to St. Petersburg. To lie at the side of her husband Alexander III was her last wish, said in particular the then head of the Romanovs, Nikolai, and his younger brother, Dimitri, who lives in Denmark.[1]
Dagmar of Denmark was transferred to St. Petersburg in 2006.

In 1991, together with his brother Dimitri, he published his father’s memoirs under the title “Prince Roman Romanov – At the Court of the Last Tsar. 1896–1919“.


  • Marlene A. Eilers: Queen Victoria’s Descendants. Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, Md. 1987, ISBN 0-8063-1202-5.
  • Nicolas Enache: La Descendance de Pierre Le Grand, Tsar de Russie. Sedopols, Paris 1983, ISBN 2-904177-01-9.
  • Jean-Marie Thiébaud: Les Romanov. Editions Christian, Paris 1998, ISBN 2-86496-072-9.
  • Roman Romanov: At the Court of the Last Tsar, 1896-1919. The Glorious Time of Old Russia (“Det var et rigt hus et lykkeligt hus”). Piper, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-492-24389-4.


  1. Siegfried Thielbeer Maria Fyodorovna – At the Tsar’s side again FAZ. 24. September 2006. retrieved 16 September 2014.