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Ngawang Lobsang Chöden

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Ngawang Lobsang Chöden (b. 1642; † 1714, Tibetan. Ngag dbang bLo bzang Chos ldan[1]) from present-day Huangzhong County of China’s Qinghai Province, was a cleric and author of the Gelugpa school of Tibetan Buddhism. As Changtscha Hutuktu[2] he became the second personality of this incarnation series in the Gönlung monastery[3] (the Monguor/Tu) in Amdo (Qinghai). He was a great disciple of the fifth Dalai Lama. Emperor Kangxi brought him to Beijing in 1701.

In the 32nd year of the Kangxi era (1693), he was appointed by the Qing government as the Zhasake lama[4] i.e. the highest person of Tibetan Buddhism in Inner Mongolia; in the 44th year of the Kangxi era (1705), he received the honorary title of a kuutuktu.[5][6][7]

In 1731, Qing Emperor Yongzheng founded the smaller Shanyin Monastery (Shira Monastery, Shira süme, Chinese: Shanyin si) of the Huizong Lamas Monastery (Köke süme, Chinese: Huizong si) for him.[8]

See also

  • Chinese Hutuktu

Literature

  • Klaus Sagaster: Nag dbȧn blo bzaṅ č’os ldan <1642-1714> : Leben u. historische Bedeutung des 1. <Pekinger> lČaṅ skya khutukhtu. Presented on the basis of his mongol. Biographie Subud erike u. andere Quellen. Bonn: (Rheinische-Fr.-Wilh.-Univ.), 1960
  • Huzhu Tuzu zizhixian zhi (History of the Monguor Huzhu Autonomous County)(excerpt):“Youning si zhuyao huofo xitong (PDF; 72 kB)” (Compilation of the most important Living Buddhas of the Gönlung Monastery). Qinghai renmin chubanshe 1993 (Book series: Qinghai sheng difang zhi congshu)

Reference books

  • Cihai (“Sea of Words”), Shanghai cishu chubanshe, Shanghai 2002, ISBN 7-5326-0839-5

Web links

Chinese web links

References and footnotes

  1. chinese .mw-parser-output

    阿旺罗布桑却, PinyinAwang Luobu Sangque or 阿旺罗布桑却拉丹,Awang Luobu Sangque Ladan

  2. chinese .mw-parser-output

    /章嘉呼图克图, PinyinZhangjia Hutuketu

  3. chin. Youning si
  4. chinese札萨克喇嘛, PinyinZhasake lama
  5. Manchurian reading from the XinMan-Han da cidian(New Great Manchurian Chinese Dictionary), Ürümqi: Xinjiang renmin chubanshe 1994, p. 499b: entry “kuutuktu,” with the example sentence: “kuutuktu i suruk i temen emu minggan sunzha tangguu uyunzhu emu.” (In the livestock herd of the Living Buddha(kuutuktu) there were one thousand five hundred and ninety-one camels) (Trans. R.St.)
  6. chinese呼图克图, PinyinHutuketu
  7. Zhangjia hutuketu(Memento of the Originals december 25, 2017 on the Internet Archive) Info:The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions, then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/www.mgl-e.com (www.mgl-e.com) (retrieved 26 October 2009)
  8. Terese Tse Bartholomew Introduction to the Art of Mongolia (Dolonnor or Inner Mongolian Style) (www.asianart.com) (found October 26, 2009)

Ngawang Lobsang Chöden (alternative names of the lemma)
章嘉-阿旺洛桑却丹, Cangkya Ngawang Lobsang Chöden, Lcang skya Ngag dbang bLo bzang Chos ldan; Zhangjia Awang Luosang Qudeng; 章嘉-阿旺洛桑曲登; Cangkya Ngawang Lobsang Chöden; lcang skya ngag dbang blo bzang chos ldan