Article

Read

National People’s Party

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
National People’s Party
Party Chairman Günter Rehak
Secretary General Karl Horst Halbwachs
Foundation 21. November 2007
Founding site Kleinreifling
Headquarters Mauerkirchen (nominally Vienna)
National Council mandates 0 from 183

The National People’s Party (NVP) was a far-right and nationalist party in Austria.[1] It was founded in 2007 as an amalgamation of several right-wing groups[2] and filed its party statute with the Federal Ministry of the Interior in November 2007.[3] The NVP pursued völkisch-nationalist goals and saw itself as German nationalist.[4]

Program

The party programme was heavily criticised by other parties and the Documentation Centre of Austrian Resistance (DÖW), which described it as neo-Nazi and xenophobic. Among other things, it said:

“Biologically, then, a people is at once a hereditary, reproductive, and environmental community. (…) It requires a knowledge of God that is connected to the species and appropriate to the species, and a worldview that has grown up in the people. (…) Europe is the home of the European man and his creation. The peoples of Europe are kindred. The indigenous peoples of Asia, Africa, Australia and the Americas (Indians) form their own cultures and their own peoples. They are foreign to us.[5]

“[E]very immediate cessation of Nazi compensation payments to victims of the Nazi regime is a matter of great concern to us […].[6]

Right-wing extremism

When it became known that a chapter of the program had been taken practically verbatim from a 1944 SS syllabus, the Upper Austrian State Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism put the party under increased surveillance.[7] In addition, the Communist Party of Austria filed a criminal complaint on suspicion of National Socialist re-activation under the Prohibition Act.[8] Since then, the Vienna Public Prosecutor’s Office has been investigating leading members of the NVP.[9] 2009 In this context, various youth organisations, the non-party Network against Right-Wing Extremism and the Green Party, among others, also demanded that the NVP be banned.[10] In March 2009 the district administration of Braunau prohibited a demonstration by the NVP on the grounds that:

“The NVP is a far-right, xenophobic and racist party.[11][12]

Similarly, a planned demonstration by the party on 1 May in Linz was banned by the authorities.[13] The NVP is also accused of anti-Muslim tendencies. In January 2009, for example, the NVP reported that “courageous citizens had decided” to “make their displeasure known with an extraordinary New Year’s greeting” by sending their “Islamic friends […] congratulations in the form of real pigs’ heads directly to the building site of the future mosque in Linz”.[14] The NVP also organized a memorial march to the grave of Walter Nowotny at the Vienna Central Cemetery.[15]

German language and cultural area

Although the National People’s Party regarded Austria as part of the German linguistic and cultural community and therefore professed in its programme to belong to the (state-independent) German people (Deutschnational in Österreich), which in post-war Austria was officially unwelcome because of the complicity (victim theory), it held out the prospect of state persecution of political opponents in the event of its coming to power:

“Austria is part of the German language and cultural area and will remain so in the future. We counteract any destruction by multicultural despotism. People who work to destroy a people and its culture, and thus act against the vital interests of our people and our country, we will call to account within the framework of the law.[16]

Neo-Nazism

The NVP not only approached neo-Nazism in its political demands, but also attempted to appeal to militant right-wing groups through a “Referent für freie Kräfte”.[17] In addition, the NVP described parliamentarism as undemocratic and thus rejected it.[18] Furthermore, the NVP showed solidarity with persons convicted under the Prohibition Act, such as Gerd Honsik[19] and ran its own homepage calling for the abolition of Art. 3g Verbotsgesetz with the words:

“for only lies need prohibitions[20]

In April 2009 it was revealed that parts of the NVP party programme were taken from an SS textbook.[21] Already before that, the KPÖ had filed a complaint against the NVP for re-activation.[22] On 15 June the NVP announced on its homepage that the public prosecutor’s office had dropped the case. The reason given in the context of §190 was that “…there is no actual reason to further prosecute the accused.”[23]

Other receivables/items

The NVP demanded Austria’s gradual withdrawal from the European Union and a “Europe of free nations”.[24] In addition, the party addressed issues such as genetic engineering, nuclear power and environmental protection in the Upper Austrian state election campaign.[25] In the process, other policy areas were also mostly thematically linked to the NVP’s xenophobic, xenophobic and anti-Semitic basic concept:

“Times are getting worse for us working people. […] In addition to all the problems there is also the danger of naturalised asylum seekers and above all the long-planned Blue Card! The Blue Card is supposed to bring skilled workers from the 3rd world to Europe. But can this be a solution at all ? [26]

In an open letter to Western governments and the so-called community of values, the NVP further complained about a “one-sided apportionment of blame to Palestinian Hamas by your lying media.” This is “a genuflection to the Zionist criminal regime of the Israeli bourgeoisie”.[27]

Organization

The party endeavoured to establish a network of provincial groups in all the provinces, but only had “Aufbaugruppen”. The DÖW estimates that the party’s activities were concentrated only in eastern Austria.[28] In addition, there was a youth organisation, the Young National People’s Party (JNVP), for whose homepage the “National Media Front” was responsible, which also worked for the NPD.[29]
In the 2009 report on the protection of the constitution by the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism (BVT), the NVP is mentioned – without directly mentioning its name:

“An organization with anti-democratic ideas, organized across the federal states and active in the media, which came to the attention of the security authorities in 2007, formed itself as a political party at the beginning of 2008. However, initial attempts at populist positioning were unsuccessful. Apart from lively propaganda on the Internet, hardly any more high-profile activities were undertaken. Towards the end of 2008, the party already showed clear signs of disintegration, with simultaneous partial attempts at restructuring at the regional level.[30]

In spring 2010, the NVP announced that it would reduce the size of its executive board in order to become “more effective”. However, the 2010 BVT report on the protection of the constitution saw the NVP’s organisational capacity in decline:

“A political party operating from Upper Austria with pronounced neo-Nazi tendencies, which had attempted to gain a foothold nationwide in previous years, showed declining activities in 2009, as well as signs of organizational disintegration at the federal level.[31]

Furthermore, the report shows that the NVP was neither able to build up a provincial organization in Vienna nor to maintain those in the provinces. The Styrian provincial group had disbanded, and the party’s activities in Lower Austria had declined sharply after the arrest of a leading functionary.[32]

Election results

The NVP did not run in any election. However, it was announced to participate in the municipal elections in Baden near Vienna (2010) as well as to run in the Upper Austrian state elections in September 2009.[33][34] However, the party was banned from running in the 2009 Upper Austrian state elections, where it wanted to run in constituency 1 (Linz and Linz-Umgebung).[35] The NVP had also failed at local council level: on 21 August 2009, the electoral commission decided to ban the NVP candidacy in Enns (Upper Austria) and also to file a charge of re-activation with the public prosecutor’s office in Wels.[36] As a result of the ban on the party’s candidacy in the Upper Austrian parliamentary elections, the NVP called for an election boycott on its homepage,[37] but voter turnout increased by 3.6%.[38] Efforts were made to ban the party.[39]

On 11 December 2009, the Constitutional Court dismissed the NVP’s complaint regarding the annulment of the Upper Austrian state election. The lawyer’s statement of claim requested the annulment of the election from the investigation procedure. However, the exclusion of the party had taken place beforehand, and the Constitutional Court thus argued that an annulment of the election process would have been of no use to the NVP on the grounds of non-admission. The election was thus also valid, as the objection period had already expired. On the same day, the party’s executive board reacted and announced that it would discuss the further course of action by the end of the year.[40]

Election recommendations

The NVP made an election recommendation for Barbara Rosenkranz (FPÖ) for the 2010 federal presidential election. The party credited “Mrs. Rosenkranz that [sic!] she, defying the mainstream, neither distanced herself from her husband nor changed her opinion regarding the Prohibition Act and is thus fully on NVP line.”[41][42]

Contacts

The NVP had links with other far-right parties in Europe such as the National Democratic Party of Germany, the Party of Nationally Oriented Swiss, the British National Party, the Nederlandse Volks-Unie, and the “Bunte Liste” in Wels (see Ludwig Reinthaler).[43][44]
Furthermore, there were contacts with the neo-Nazi Delickna strana socialni spravedlnosti from the Czech Republic. Thus, Günter Rehak appeared as a speaker at a rally of the DSSS in Brno on May 1, 2011.[45]

Web links

Individual references

  1. DÖW – “News from the far right – January 2009 – National People’s Party (NVP)”(Memento of the Originals of 21 January 2016 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/doewweb01.doew.at
  2. Parliamentary question to the Federal Minister of the Interior of 1 February 2008
  3. DÖW – “News from the far right – January 2008 – NVP extension”(Memento of the Originals of 20 January 2016 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/doewweb01.doew.at
  4. DÖW – “News from the far right – January 2009 – Nationale Volkspartei (NVP) – Völkisches Denken, biologistisches Weltbild, integraler Nationalismus/Bekenntnis zum deutschen Volk, Monokulturalität”(Mementoof the Originals january 21, 2016 on the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/doewweb01.doew.at
  5. Parliamentary question to the Federal Minister of the Interior of 1 February 2008
  6. www.oe24.at from 21 November 2007
  7. Die Presse online edition of April 17, 2009
  8. Der Standard online edition of 31 March 2009
  9. Standard online edition of 17 April@1@2Template:Dead link/derstandard.at(page no longer available, search web archives ) Info: Thelink was automatically marked as broken. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
  10. orf.at Procession of lights against right-wing extremist NVP
  11. Die Presse online edition of April 17, 2009
  12. Der Standard online edition of 31 March 2009
  13. Der Standard online edition of 23 April 2009
  14. DÖW – “News from the far right – January 2008 – Right-wing provocations”(Memento of the Originals of 20 January 2016 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this notice.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/doewweb01.doew.at
  15. DÖW – “News from the far right – October 2007 – A national people’s party”(Memento of the Originals january 20, 2016 on the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/doewweb01.doew.at
  16. DÖW – “News from the far right – January 2009 – National People’s Party (NVP)”(Memento of the Originals of 21 January 2016 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/doewweb01.doew.at
  17. DÖW – “News from the far right – January 2009 – National People’s Party (NVP) – Xenophobia, Ethnocentrism”(Memento of the Originals of 21 January 2016 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/doewweb01.doew.at
  18. DÖW – “News from the far right – January 2009 – National People’s Party (NVP) – Rejection of liberal party democracy”(Memento of the Originals of 21 January 2016 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this notice.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/doewweb01.doew.at
  19. DÖW – “News from the far right – January 2009 – National People’s Party (NVP) – Notes”(Memento of the Originals of 21 January 2016 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/doewweb01.doew.at
  20. Regional elections Upper Austria – “Free Austria instead of bans”(Memento of the Originals of July 16, 2009 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/nvp.at
  21. – Der Standard online edition of 17 April 2009
  22. – Der Standard online edition of 31 March 2009
  23. NVP Homepage of 15 June 2009 – “1:0 for Austria”(Memento of the Originals of 20 August 2009 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/www.nvp.at
  24. NVP – Landtagswahl Oberösterreich – “Freies Österreich statt Europas Untergang”(Memento of the Originals of 16 July 2009 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/nvp.at
  25. NVP – Landtagswahl Oberösterreich – “Freies Österreich statt Energieabhängigkeit”(Memento of the Originals of 16 July 2009 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/nvp.at
  26. Landtagswahl Oberösterreich – “Freies Österreich statt Ausbeutung unserer Arbeiter”(Memento of the Originals of July 16, 2009 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/nvp.at
  27. quoted from Anton Maegerle: Vom Obersalzberg bis zum NSU: Die extreme Rechte und die politische Kultur der Bundesrepublik 1988-2013. Edition Critic, Berlin 2013, p. 264
  28. DÖW – “News from the far right – January 2008 – NVP extension”(Memento of the Originals of 20 January 2016 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/doewweb01.doew.at
  29. National Media Front – Ring Nationaler Frauen(Memento of the Originals february 14, 2009 on the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this notice.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/nationale-mediafront.com
  30. Report on the Protection of the Constitution 2009 – BVT – p.23. (PDF; 913 kB)
  31. Report on the Protection of the Constitution 2010 – BVT – p.26. (PDF; 632 kB)
  32. Report on the Protection of the Constitution 2010 – BVT – p.26 f. (PDF; 632 kB)
  33. – Rigardi.org – June 14, 2008 – “E Mail from NVP #2”
  34. National People’s Party – “Landtagswahl 2009 Oberösterreich”(Memento of the Originals of July 15, 2009 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/www.landtagswahl.nvp.at
  35. oberösterreich.ORF.at Upper Austrian election: ban on NVP running for office, retrieved 13 August 2009
  36. – Rigardi.org – August 23, 2009 – “NVP: also failed at the municipal level”
  37. NVP – Landtagswahl Oberösterreich – “Wahlboykott” (Election boycott)@1@2Template:Dead link/nvp.at(page no longer available, search web archives ) Info: Thelink was automatically marked as broken. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
  38. orf.at – Voter turnout increased(Memento of the Originals of October 1, 2009 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/www.orf.at
  39. orf.at – Further discussion about NVP ban – 14 July 2009
  40. – Rigardi.org – December 11, 2009 – “NVP: VfGh rejects lawsuit!”@1@2Template:Dead Link/rigardi.org(page no longer available, search web archives ) Info: Thelink was automatically marked as broken. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
  41. – National People’s Party – Barbara Rosenkranz to become president@1@2Template:Dead link/nvp.at(page no longer available, search web archives ) Info: Thelink was automatically marked as broken. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
  42. Der Standard – Right-wing extremist NVP supports Rosenkranz
  43. DÖW – “News from the far right – January 2008 – NVP extension”(Memento of the Originals of 20 January 2016 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/doewweb01.doew.at
  44. DÖW – “News from the far right – January 2009 – National People’s Party (NVP) – Aggressive-imperialist policy towards the outside world”(Memento of the Originals of 21 January 2016 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this notice.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/doewweb01.doew.at
  45. DÖW – “News from the far right – May 2011 – NVP in Brno”(Memento of the Originals january 20, 2016 on the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note.@1@2Template:Webachiv/IABot/doewweb01.doew.at