Map of the Nicobar Islands, Nancowry in the center
Nancowry (also Nankauri, Nancowrie, Nangkowry, Nicobarese: Mout) is an Indian island and part of the Nicobar Islands in the Indian Ocean.
It is located south of the neighbouring island of Camorta and east of Katchal, reaching an altitude of 162 metres. According to the 1991 Indian census, there were 941 people living on the island, the largest villages were: Malacca, Tapong, Champin and Hinnunga. At that time, the island had an area of 66.9 km².
Between Nancowry and Camorta stretches an ideal natural harbour, described as one of the safest natural harbours in the world and known to Europeans as early as the 17th century. Pirates also frequently used this harbour until the English secured it with a base in 1869.
In 1711, French Jesuits attempted to settle on the island. From 1756, the Danes claimed the Nicobar Islands and in 1768, with their benevolence, Herrnhuter missionaries landed on Nancowry. In 1778 an Austrian warship, the frigate Joseph and Maria Theresa under Captain Bennet, reached the Nicobar Islands and took possession of Nancowry for Austria. A redoubt was laid out and armed with eight cannon. After it became known, the Danes protested against this action at their base at Trankebar. In 1785 the Europeans left the islands again. In 1869, after the Danes had finally given up their claims, the English established a settlement with about 350 inhabitants in the harbour of Nancowry.
In the great tidal waves of the tsunami as a result of the severe seaquake in the Indian Ocean in 2004, Nancowry – like all Nicobar Islands – was severely devastated.
- Franz Theodor Maurer: The Nicobar Islands:Colonial-Geschichte und Beschreibung nebst motivirtem Vorschlag zur Colonisation dieser Inseln durch Preussen. Heymann, Berlin 1867, 320 p.
- Page of the police with the island names.(Memento of Originals of 27 March 2010 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note. (English)
- Bay of Bengal Pilot – Bay of Bengal and the Coasts of India and Siam, Including the Nicobar and Andaman Islands, p. 278: 534 feet
- Page of the police with village names(Memento of the Originals december 17, 2004 on the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this note. (english)
- Nicobar Islands. In: Encyclopædia Britannica. 11. Edition. Vol. 19: Mun – Oddfellows. London 1911, p. 660 (English, full text [ Wikisource]).
- Bricklayer, p. 90
- Bricklayer, p. 100
- Bricklayer, p. 120
- Bricklayer, p. 123