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Miksa Déri

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Miksa Déri

1885: Transformer by Zipernowsky, Déri and Bláthy

Miksa Déri, Maximilian Déri and Maximilian Deutsch (born 24 October 1854 in Bács; † 3 March 1938 in Merano)[1] was a Hungarian electrical engineer. He was one of the developers of the transformer.

Life

Déri studied hydraulics at the Vienna University of Technology until 1877. Between 1878 and 1882 he participated in the regulation of the Danube and Tisza river courses. At the same time he studied electrical engineering and from 1882 worked for the Ganz company in Budapest as an engineer, later as a director. Together with Károly Zipernowsky he developed a self-excited alternating current generator. Together with Károly Zipernowsky and Ottó Titusz Bláthy, he made significant contributions to the development of the (Ganz) transformer, for which a patent was filed in 1885,[2] when he was responsible for most of the experimental work.

In 1889 Max Déri joined the Internationale Elektricitäts-Gesellschaft (IEG) in Vienna,[3] where he organized or technically equipped the steam power plant Engerthstraße, completed in 1890, and as (executive) director of the company he gave a tour of the plant to Emperor Franz Joseph I on June 2, 1893.[4] When in 1891 IEG received the order to equip the Achilleion Palace of Empress Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary on Corfu with electrical engineering,[5] Déri took charge of the project.[6] On October 28, 1893, Déri was co-opted as a member of the board of directors of IEG in recognition of his services.[7] From 1908 to 1922 he also served on the board of directors of the Vienna Union Bank.

Between 1898 and 1902 Max Déri worked on the compensated direct current machine.

Déri, with Zipernowsky a pioneer of alternating current,[2] died in Merano, registered by the Merano Registry Office as Deri Massimiliano, engineer, 83 years old.[8][Note 1]

Honours, awards, prizes

  • Honorary member of the Hungarian Electrotechnical Association[3]
  • Honorary member of the Electrotechnical Association in Vienna[3]
  • royal Hungarian Court Councillor[9]
  • Honorary doctor of technical sciences of the k.k. German Technical University Brno (October 4, 1910)[9]

Writings (selection)

  • Electric motor for alternating currents. In: Zeitschrift für Elektrotechnik, Jahrgang 1893, Heft 5/1893 (XI. Jahrgang), 1 March 1893, pp. 101-106.
  • Generation of a rotating field by single-phase alternating currents. In: Zeitschrift für Elektrotechnik, Jahrgang 1894, Heft 14/1894 (XII. Jahrgang), 15 July 1894, pp. 374-377.
  • AC motors with large starting force. In: Zeitschrift für Elektrotechnik, Jahrgang 1898, Heft 24/1898 (XVI. Jahrgang), 12 June 1898, pp. 285-290.
  • Chronicle. Remembrance of Dr. Ing. h. c. C. E. L. Brown.In: Electricaland Mechanical Engineering. Journal of the Electrotechnical Association in Vienna. Organ of the Association of Austrian and Hungarian Electricity Companies / Elektrotechnik und Maschinenbau. Journal of the Electrotechnical Association in Vienna( and organ of the Brno Branch Association) / E. u. M. (E and M) Electrical and Mechanical Engineering. Journal of the Electrotechnical Association in Vienna / E und M Elektrotechnik und Maschinenbau. Journal of the Electrotechnical Association in Vienna from 1883 to 1938 / E und M Elektrotechnik und Maschinenbau. Organ/Zeitschrift des Elektrotechnischen Vereines Österreichs, Jahrgang 1924, Heft 50/1924 (XLII. Jahrgang), 14 December 1924, p. 732. (Online at ANNO).Template:ANNO/Maintenance/emb.

Web links

Commons: Miksa Déri– Collection of images, videos and audio files

  • S. Jeszenszky: Deri, Max. In: Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950. 2nd revised edition (online only).
  • Entry for Max Déri in the Austria-Forum, Author/Editor: Helga Maria Wolf (Biography)
  • Miksa Déri. (English).

Individual references

  1. Déri Miksa. (Hungarian).
  2. a b M(ax) Reithoffer:An anniversary of the transformer.In: Electricaland mechanical engineering. Journal of the Electrotechnical Association in Vienna. Organ of the Association of Austrian and Hungarian Electricity Works / Elektrotechnik und Maschinenbau. Journal of the Electrotechnical Association in Vienna (and organ of the Brno Branch Association) / E. u. M. (E and M) Electrical and Mechanical Engineering. Journal of the Electrotechnical Association in Vienna / E und M Elektrotechnik und Maschinenbau. Journal of the Electrotechnical Association in Vienna from 1883 to 1938 / E und M Elektrotechnik und Maschinenbau. Organ/Zeitschrift des Elektrotechnischen Vereins Österreichs, Jahrgang 1925, Heft 51/1925 (XLIII. Jahrgang), 20 December 1925, pp. 1011 ff. (Online at ANNO).Template:ANNO/Maintenance/emb.
  3. a b c Déri, Miksa. In: omikk.bme.hu (English), retrieved 20 June 2012.
  4. The Emperor at the Central Station of the International Electricity Society. In: Zeitschrift für Elektrotechnik, Jahrgang 1893, Heft 12/1893 (XI. Jahrgang), 15 June 1893, p. 270 f.
  5. Small chronicle. (…) The Empress’s Castle on Corfu.In: NeueFreie Presse, Morgenblatt, No. 9740/1891, 8 October 1891, p. 5, bottom left. (Online at ANNO).Template:ANNO/maintenance/nfp.
  6. The Empress’ Castle on Corfu. In: Josef Kareis (Red.): Zeitschrift für Elektrotechnik. Organ of the Electrotechnical Society in Vienna. Volume 9.1891, ISSN 1013-5111. self-published (Commission Lehmann & Wentzel), Vienna 1891, p. 53. – Text online.
  7. Small news. In: Zeitschrift für Elektrotechnik, Jahrgang 1893, Heft 22/1893 (XI. Jahrgang), 15 November 1893, p. 541.
  8. From Merano and surroundings. (…) Registry office Merano. (…) Deaths. In: Alpenzeitung. Politisches Tagblatt der Provinz Bolzano, No. 56/1938 (XIII. Jahrgang), 6 March 1938, ZDB-ID 2429914-5, p.4, column 3, top.
  9. a b Extension building of the German technical college in Brno.In: NeueFreie Presse, Morgenblatt, No. 16598/1910, 6 November 1910, p. 12, top center. (Online at ANNO).Template:ANNO/maintenance/nfp.

Notes

  1. The last entry on Max Déri to be found in Lehmann’s Allgemeiner Wohnungsanzeiger (…) for the federal capital Vienna, 1921/22, refers to the residential address Trostgasse 23, Baden near Vienna. Déri wrote the essay published in December 1924 with the addition Meran, November 1924, which suggests Meran as a permanent place of residence, at least for the coming winter months. – See: Lehmann’s Allgemeiner Wohnungsanzeiger (…) für die Bundeshauptstadt Wien. Volume 63.1921/22, ZDB-ID 2642521-X, ZDB-ID 2642524-5. Österreichische Anzeigen-Gesellschaft, Vienna 1922, p. 195, bottom right – Text online.