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Maurice De Backer

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Maurice De Backer (* 27 May 1895 in Brussels; † 29 August 1942 in the Hartheim killing centre) was a Belgian Roman Catholic clergyman and martyr.

Life

Maurice De Backer was ordained priest in 1918. He then taught in Jette and Uccle/Ukkel. He was vicar in Brussels (Notre-Dame de la Cambre church) and in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode/Sint-Joost-ten-Node, and finally parish priest in Sint-Genesius-Rode. Together with Abel Brohée (1880-1947) he was a forerunner of Catholic Action.

Under the National Socialist occupation he went into the resistance. On 8 August 1941 he was arrested by the Gestapo, taken to Aachen on 16 October and to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp on 25 October. On 3 February 1942 he was taken from there to the Dachau concentration camp, where he arrived on 13 February (prisoner no. 29,229, block 28). On 29 August 1942 he died in the killing centre Hartheim at the age of 47.

Works

  • La Vie, la vivre, la rayonner. Editions de la Cité Chrétienne, Brussels and Beauchesne, Paris 1931, 1933.
  • Anicet Cool (ed.): Manuel de l’infirmière catholique d’après les notes laissées par l’abbé Maurice De Backer. Imprimerie St François, Mechelen 1950.
    • (Spanish) Manual de la enfermera católica. Madrid 1964.

Literature

  • Josse Alzin (Joseph-Adolphe Alzinger 1899-1978): Martyrologe 40-45. Le calvaire et la mort de 80 prêtres belges et luxembourgeois. Editions Fasbender, Arlon 1947, pp. 63-66.