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Marija Antonowna Corsini

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Marija Antonowna Corsini (1840s)

Maria Antonovna Corsini, born Maria Antonovna Bystroglasova,(Russian Мария Антоновна Корсини, birth name Russian Мария Антоновна Быстроглазова; b. 25 December 1814jul. / 6 January 1815greg. in Vyatka; 11 Februaryjul. / 23 February1859greg. in St. Petersburg) wasa Russian writer and translator.[1]

Life

Maria Antonovna was the daughter of the court counsellor (7th rank) A. F. Bystroglasov and granddaughter of the merchant S. J. Mashkovtsev. She attended the Ekaterininsky Institute for Noble Girls in St. Petersburg on the Fontanka (built by Giacomo Quarenghi at the instigation of Empress Maria Fedorovna) in 1826-1832.[1][2] In 1837 she married the architect Geronimo Corsini in the church of the Ekaterininsky Institute.

In 1839-1840, Marija Corsini traveled with her husband in Western Europe. In Paris, she met Adam Mickiewicz. Upon her return to St. Petersburg, she introduced Literary Thursday evenings in her home. Visitors and friends included Pyotr Alexandrovich Pletnyov, Vladimir Fedorovich Odoevsky, and Alexandra Osipovna Ishimova, in whose journals Corsini published.[1] Corsini translated sonnets by Mickiewicz. Later she wrote articles for young people on educational issues. Her first anthology of thoughts and stories about youth appeared in 1846.[3] Her main work became her Essays on Modern Life in 9 volumes.[4] Yakov Karlovich Grot held Corsini’s literary work in low esteem and found her comedies terrible.[5][6]

Corsini had a son Pavel (1839-1896), who studied at the law faculty of St. Petersburg University and became a forester,[7] and two daughters Ekaterina (1838-1911) and Natalya (1841-after 1913), whom she did not give to the Ekaterininsky Institute but educated according to her own methods, so that they were the first women to hear lectures at St. Petersburg University. Ekaterina became an artist and married the literary historian Pavel Alexandrovich Viskovatov. Natalya became a writer, participated in student riots in 1861, and in 1863 married the revolutionary Nikolai Issaakovich Utin.

Corsini was buried in the Lutheran section of Volkovo Cemetery.[8] Her former teacher Alexander Vasilyevich Nikitenko dedicated an honorary obituary to her.[9]

Web links

Individual references

  1. a b c Корсини (Мария Антоновна, урожд. Быстроглазова). In: Brockhaus-Efron. Vol. XVI, 1895, p. 346(Wikisource[accessed 11 December 2019]).
  2. Н. С. Карцов Несколько фактов из жизни Санкт-Петербургского училища Ордена Св. Екатерины. St. Petersbur 1898, p. 56.
  3. M. A. Corsini Мысли и повести, посвященные юношеству. St. Petersburg 1846.
  4. M. A. Corsini Очерки современной жизни. 2. Edition. St. Petersburg 1853.
  5. Переписка Я. К. Грота с П. А. Плетневым. Том 2. St. Petersburg 1896, p. 529.
  6. Переписка Я. К. Грота с П. А. Плетневым. Том 3. St. Petersburg 1896, p. 561.
  7. Корсини в Петербурге (retrieved 11 December 2019).
  8. Некролог. In Иллюстрация. No. 58, 1859, p. 126.
  9. А. В. Никитенко Дневник: 1858-1865. Гос. изд-во худож. лит-ры, Moscow 1955, p. 62.