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Maria Reining

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Tomb of Maria Reining at the Dornbach cemetery

Maria Reining (* 7 August 1903 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary; † 11 March 1991 in Deggendorf) was an Austrian opera singer (soprano).

Life

Reining first worked as a clerk in a Viennese bank. It was not until she was 28 that she began her singing career at the Vienna State Opera in 1931, mainly in soubrette roles. Two years later she moved to Darmstadt and then to the Munich State Opera, where she made her debut under Hans Knappertsbusch as Elsa in Lohengrin by Richard Wagner. In 1937 she followed Knappertsbusch to the Vienna State Opera, where she made her debut a second time in the role of Elsa.

Maria Reining was a member of the Vienna State Opera from 1931 to 1933 and from 1937 to 1957. From 1937 to 1941 she sang with great success at the Salzburg Festival, among others under Arturo Toscanini and in 1938 in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg under Wilhelm Furtwängler.

She sang mainly roles by Mozart, Wagner and Richard Strauss. Guest appearances took her to the leading European opera houses. Among others, she sang at Covent Garden Opera in London and at La Scala in Milan.

Maria Reining died in 1991 in Deggendorf, Lower Bavaria, and was buried in an honorary grave in the Dornbacher cemetery in Vienna (group 35, number 132)

There are several complete opera recordings with Reining, among others. arabella (Salzburg 1947 under Böhm), Daphne (Vienna 1944, Böhm), Ariadne (Vienna 1944, Böhm), Leonora (Troubadour) (Reichssenderorchester Stuttgart 1936, Zimmermann), Eva (Vienna 1937, Toscanini) as well as Marschallin (Salzburg 1949, Szell; Salzburg 1953, Krauss, Vienna 1954 (Studio), Kleiber; Vienna 1955, Knappertsbusch).

Roles (selection)

Beethoven:

  • Leonore in Fidelio

Bizet:

  • Micaëla and Frasquita in Carmen

d’Albert:

  • Antonia in lowlands
  • Myrtocle in The Dead Eyes

Engelbert Humperdinck:

  • Dewman and Sandman in Hansel and Gretel

Korngold:

  • Juliette in The Dead City

Lehár:

  • Lisa in The Land of Smiles

Lortzing:

  • Gretchen in The Gamekeeper

Mozart:

  • Countess Almaviva in Le nozze di Figaro
  • Pamina in The Magic Flute

Nicolai:

  • Mrs. Fluth in The Merry Wives of Windsor

Puccini:

  • Mimi in La Bohème
  • Title role in Tosca
  • Title role in Madama Butterfly
  • A pair of lovers in Il trittico
  • Sister Genoveva in Suor Angelica
  • Lauretta in Gianni Schicchi

Smetana:

  • Marie and Esmeralda in The Bartered Bride..

Johann Strauss:

  • Rosalinde, Felicita and Ida in Die Fledermaus

Tchaikovsky:

  • Tatiana in Eugene Onegin

Richard Strauss:

  • One of the maids in Elektra
  • Field Marshal in Der Rosenkavalier
  • Title role in Ariadne auf Naxos
  • Title role in Arabella
  • Title role in Daphne

Suppé:

  • Beatrice and Colombina in Boccaccio

Verdi:

  • Countess Ceprano in Rigoletto
  • Leonora in The Troubadour
  • Elizabeth in Don Carlos
  • Desdemona in Otello

Wagner:

  • Elisabeth in Tannhäuser
  • Elsa von Brabant in Lohengrin
  • Eva in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg
  • Flower girl in Parsifal

Weber:

  • Title role in Euryanthe

Sound documents (selection)

  • Richard Strauss: Arabella, 1947 Salzburg Festival – Karl Böhm
    Georg Hann (Count Waldner); Rosette Anday (Adelaide); Maria Reining (Arabella); Lisa della Casa (Zdenka); Hans Hotter (Mandryka); Horst Taubmann (Matteo); Julius Patzak (Count Elemer); Josef Witt (Count Dominik); Alfred Poell (Count Lamoral); Herma Handl (Die Fiakermilli)
    Melodram 101 (3 LP); Discocorp RR 525 (3 LP) / DG 445343-2 (3 CD); Melodram 37077 (3 CD)
  • Richard Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier, 1954 Decca 25025-D, Vienna Philharmonic (conductor: Erich Kleiber) with Maria Reining (Field Marshal), Sena Jurinac (Octavian), Hilde Güden (Sophie), Ludwig Weber (Ochs) and others.
  • Richard Wagner: Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, recording of the Salzburg Festival 1937, with Hans Hermann Nissen, Henk Noort, Hermann Wiedemann, Richard Sallaba, Maria Reining, Kerstin Thorborg, Choir of the Vienna State Opera, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra under Arturo Toscanini

Honors

  • 1964: Mozart Medal by the Mozart Community Vienna[1]

Web links

Individual references

  1. Inscription Deutschordenshof, Singerstraße: Maria Reining 1964 (retrieved 10 June 2014)