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Mangehøje

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Picture of the Mangehøje by Julius Magnus Petersen (1827-1917)

The ten burial mounds of Mangehøje are located in the Ågeslund plantation north of Grindsted in Jutland in Denmark.

They represent a cemetery of the Neolithic Single Grave Culture (EGK – 2800 to 2400 BC – Danish Enkeltgravskultur). There are 8846 small burial mounds preserved in Denmark (mostly in Jutland). The Mangehøje (German “many mounds”) are only a small part of the thousands of low burial mounds that the people of the Single Grave Culture built, mainly in Jutland. In central Jutland they were located in groups that could comprise several hundred mounds. Similar numbers are also attested for northern Germany. In Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, for example, 4978 individual mounds as well as 81 tumuli fields with about 1274 burial mounds have been recorded.

There is a development in the grave goods, which consist in particular of battle axes made of various rocks and cup-shaped pottery, usually sparsely decorated. In Jutland, three phases can be distinguished: In the under-grave period the graves are deepened, in the floor-grave period they are at ground level, and in the upper-grave period they are laid out above ground level. Frequent reburials allow horizontal stratigraphic conclusions. Certain types of battle axes can be assigned to the phases, the division of which into twelve types was applied to the entire area of the Corded Ware Culture by P. V. Glob in 1944. The burial mounds of the culture range from small mounds only 0.5 to 1.0 meter high to mounds 2.0 to 3.0 meters high and about 15.0 meters in diameter. In the larger mounds there are usually several burial phases and construction sections. The burials took place one above the other, whereby the mounds were extended

When the mounds were built, the landscape in central and western Jutland was more open with extensive areas of heath and deciduous forests. Many mounds have never been archaeologically investigated, but some have been looted. Mangehøje was protected in 1896 – seven years after the establishment of Grindsted Plantation – by agreement between the National Museum and the owner. This was secured with the Nature Conservation Act of 1937, which protected all visible burial mounds.

See also

  • Døeshøjene

Literature

  • Karsten Kjer Michaelsen: Politikens bog om Danmarks oldtid. Copenhagen 2002 ISBN 87-567-6458-8, p. 114
  • Elisabeth Munksgaard: Denmark: An archaeological Guide Faber London 1970 pp. 50 ISBN 0-571-09196-2

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Coordinates 55° 46′ 37.5″ N, 8° 55′ 18.9″ O

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