Manfred Kridl

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Manfred Kridl (born October 11, 1882 in Lviv, Austria-Hungary; died February 4, 1957 in New York City) was a Polish literary scholar.


Manfred Kridl was a son of a k.u.k. military officer. He studied Polish and Romance languages and literature at the University of Lviv, the University of Freiburg im Breisgau and in Paris. With the dissertation Stosunek Mickiewicza do Lamennais’ego w epoce towianizmu he received his doctorate in 1909 under Józef Kallenbach in Lemberg. Between 1907 and 1914 and after 1918 he worked as a teacher. Kridl was admitted to the Towarzystwo Naukowe Warszawskie in 1911 and worked as secretary of the society from 1912 to 1914. He became a soldier in the Imperial and Royal Army in the First World War.

In 1921 he habilitated at the University of Warsaw with the study Antagonizm wieszczów. Rzecz o stosunku Słowackiego do Mickiewicza, which went to press in 1925, and became an assistant professor at the university. In 1929 he received a lectureship in Slavonic studies at the University of Brussels, and in 1932 a professorship in literary history at the Polish University of Vilnius. He was an editorial board member of the literary history journal Pamiętnik Literacki between 1933 and 1939. Kridl supported the Stronnictwo Demokratyczne party in Vilnius. In 1939, Vilnius was annexed to the state of Lithuania by the Hitler-Stalin Pact and Kridl fled to Sweden, from there to Belgium and on to the USA. Kridl worked at Smith College in Massachusetts from 1940 and in 1948 was appointed chair of Polish Studies at Columbia University in New York City. He wrote reviews for the Slavic Review.[1]

Kridl’s daughter, historian Elizabeth Kridl Valkenier, published a memoir in Poland in 2002.

Writings (selection)

  • Antagonizm wieszczów. Rzecz o stosunku Słowackiego do Mickiewicza. 1925
  • Bronisław Chlebowski: Literatura polska : 1795-1905 jako główny wyraz życia narodu po utracie niepodległości: z rękopisu wydał i przedmową poprzedził Manfred Kridl. Lviv: Ossolineum, 1923
    • Bronisław Chlebowski: La Littérature polonaise au XIXe siècle. Ouvrage posthume publié et complété par Manfred Kridl. Paris: Champion, 1933
  • Od trzeciego rozbioru do wystąpienia Mickiewicza (1795-1822) : podręcznik dla szkół średnich. Warsaw: Wydaw. M. Arcta, 1926
  • Literatura na emigracji : podręcznik dla szkół średnich. Warsaw: Wydaw. M. Arcta, 1926
  • Literatura w kraju po r. 1830. Warsaw: Wydaw. M. Arcta, 1930
  • Z zagadnień poetyki. 1931
  • Od pozytywizmu do wielkiej wojny. T. 1, Główne prądy literatury europejskiej : okres pozytywizmu. Warsaw: Wydaw. M. Arcta, 1931
  • Główne prądy literatury europejskie. Klasycyzm, romantyzm, epoka poromantyczna. 1931
  • Wstęp do badań nad dziełem literackim. Vilnius, 1936
  • Literaturę polską na tle rozwoju kultury. New York : Roy, 1945
  • (MHrsg.): Adam Mickiewicz – poet of Poland : a symposium. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1951
  • A Survey of Polish Literature and Culture. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1956
  • The lyric poems of Juliusz Slowacki, ‘s-Gravenhage: Mouton, 1958


  • Elizabeth Kridl Valkenier: Manfred Kridl: uczony, pedagog, działacz polityczny. In: Archiwum emigracji. Toruń : Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika. ISSN 2084-3550. vol. 7/8 (2006), pp. 357-365
  • Wacław Lednicki: Reminiscences : The Adventures of a Modern Gil Blas during the Last War. Berlin : De Gruyter, 2019 ISBN 978-3-11-103407-2 [includes a reference to Kridl’s time in Brussels and a less than sympathetic review]
  • Andrzej Karcz: The Polish Formalist School and Russian Formalism. Rochester : University of Rochester Press, 2002 Chicago, Univ., Diss., 1999 ISBN 1-58046-110-7
  • Schamma Schahadat: Die Warschauer und Vilnaer Polonistik in der Zwischenkriegszeit. Der Eintritt ins europäisches literaturtheoretische Feld, in: Bernd Stiegler, Sylwia Werner (eds.): Laboratorien der Moderne. Places and Spaces of Knowledge in Central and Eastern Europe. Paderborn; Wilhelm Fink, 2016, ISBN 978-3-7705-6013-4, pp. 235-252

Web links

Individual references

  1. Journal articles by Manfred Kridl