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Magnus de Quitter

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Magnus de Quitter (born 1694 in Kassel; died [or buried] 20 January 1744 ibid) was a German court painter and mine inspector in the service of Landgraves Charles and Frederick of Hesse-Kassel, and court painter and gallery inspector to Duke August William of Brunswick.

Life and work

Quitter’s father Herman Hendrik Quitter (1628-1708) came from East Frisia. He worked in Cologne and Bremen, among other places, before he came to the court of Landgrave Karl von Hessen-Kassel and was appointed court painter by him in 1696. Quitter himself learned painting in the Netherlands and was trained by Gottfried Kneller in London in 1709. The following year he travelled to Rome on a count’s scholarship to copy antique works. Afterwards he is said to have worked in the workshop of the baroque painter Carlo Maratta.[1][2] In 1716 he was employed in Kassel as a portrait painter, as records of payments to him attest. Quitter created the supraports in some of the rooms of the residential palace of Arolsen in the years 1721 to 1722.[3] In 1727 he was appointed official court painter. At the same time his father, his brother Herman Hendrik Quitter II and his sister Katharina Sibylle Quitter were also employed at the landgravial court. He was credited with a painting showing three Brunswick duchesses playing cards (“Die Kartenspielerinnen” Schloss Eutin, showing the three princesses Christina Louisa von Oettingen, Sophia Amalia von Holstein-Gottorf and Auguste Dorothea von Braunschweig-Wolfenbütte[4]). In an application from 1729 he applied to the Duke of Brunswick for the position of court painter and gallery intendant in Salzdahlum, after the previous Christoph Bernhard Francke had died on 18 January 1729. He received a position as gallery inspector, which was remunerated with 200 thalers, but shared the task with Anton Friedrich Harms, who received 100 thalers as gallery intendant. In 1730 he produced a painting of the duchess, which was in Salzdahlum Palace. Commissioned by Duke August Wilhelm, he created two paintings with the titles “Last Supper” and “Crucifixion” for the high altar of Brunswick Cathedral, which are in the holdings of the Brunswick State Museum. In 1736 a painting entitled “Hercules and Antaeus” was listed in the possession of Wolfenbüttel Palace. In 1731 he returned to the court in Kassel, where he was last employed as mine inspector. His works from this period include several portraits.[5]

Literature

  • Magnus de Quitter. In: Hans Vollmer (ed.): Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker. Volume 27: Piermaria-Ramsdell . E. A. Seemann, Leipzig 1933, p. 517
  • Diether Rudloff: Die Porträtsammlung des Eutiner Schlosses. In: Society for Schleswig-Holstein History (ed.): Nordelbingen : Contributions to the Art and Cultural History of Schleswig-Holstein. Vol. 25, 1957, ISSN 0078-1037, OCLC 888528379 , pp. 164-193 .
  • Justus Lange: Quitter (also Quitters, Quittert, Quiter), Magnus de. In: Horst-Rüdiger Jarck, Dieter Lent et al. (eds.): Braunschweigisches Biographisches Lexikon – 8th to 18th century. Appelhans Verlag, Braunschweig 2006, ISBN 3-937664-46-7, p. 571.
  • Quiter, Magnus or Quitter or Quitters. In: Benezit Dictionary of Artists. Oxford Univ. Press, 2010, ISBN 978-0-19-977378-7, doi:10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.B00147725 [English, login required].

Web links

Individual references

  1. Georg Kaspar Nagler: Neues allgemeines Künstler-Lexicon oder Nachrichten von dem Leben und den Werken der Maler, Bildhauer, Baumeister, Kupferstecher, Formschneider, Lithographhen, Zeichner, Medailleure, Elfenbeinarbeiter, etc:. Volume 12: Poyet , Bernard – Renesse, Daniel… Fleischmann, 1842, p. 178 (books.google.co.uk).
  2. Friedrich Campe: Quitter, Magnus. In: Neues Maler-Lexicon zum Handgebrauch für Kunstfreunde. Nebst Monogramme. Campe, 1833, p. 267 (books.google.de).
  3. Museums-in-Hessen – Residenzschloss.museen-in-hessen.de, retrieved on 24 November 2018.
  4. Alexander Steenbeck: Loan from the castle enriches Kiel exhibition. In Ostholsteiner Anzeiger. 20.March 2018 (shz.de).
  5. Justus Lange: Quitter (also Quitters, Quittert, Quiter), Magnus de. In: Horst-Rüdiger Jarck, Dieter Lent et al. (eds.): Braunschweigisches Biographisches Lexikon – 8th to 18th century. Appelhans Verlag, Braunschweig 2006, ISBN 3-937664-46-7, p. 571.