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List of Judges of the International Court of Justice

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The Peace Palace in The Hague, seat of the International Court of Justice

The list of judges of the International Court of Justice contains all 108 persons who were or are serving as regularly elected judges of the International Court of Justice as of June 2018, the date of the by-election of Yuji Iwasawa. It does not include judges who, in accordance with the Statutes of the Court, have been called on an ad hoc basis in individual cases at the request of a participating country.

The table is sortable within the columns, so that different representations are possible, for example an arrangement according to the beginning of the term of office or a presidency or a grouping according to the countries of origin. The names of the 15 judges currently in office are highlighted in bold type, and the end of their term of office is shown in brackets.

Selection of judges

Judges Shi Jiuyong, Aun Schaukat al-Chasauneh, Rosalyn Higgins and Raymond Ranjeva in a session marking the 60th anniversary of the founding of the International Court of Justice

The International Court of Justice, the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, consists of 15 judges elected for a period of nine years. Of the judges who served after the Court’s establishment in 1946, five were elected for initial terms of three, six, and nine years, respectively, to allow for staggered by-election and re-election thereafter. The election is carried out by the UN General Assembly and the UN Security Council on the basis of proposals by the members of the Permanent Court of Arbitration. Elections are held every three years for one third of the judges, and re-election is possible for up to two further terms

Personal requirements of the candidates are the existence of the qualification for the highest judicial office in their home country or a proven competence in the field of international law. No two judges serving on the Court at the same time may be from the same country. The selection of judges is intended to provide adequate representation of the various cultural and legal communities in the world. The removal of a judge is only possible by unanimous decision of the other judges, but has never occurred in the Court’s practice to date.

Various principles of selection are not prescribed by the Statute of the Court of Justice, but are established by customary usage or tradition. For example, a judge who dies before the end of his or her term is usually succeeded by a candidate of the same nationality until the regular end of the term of the deceased incumbent. Also longstanding practice is to have a balanced representation of the different regions of the world and to take into account other geopolitical realities when appointing judges to the court. This was particularly important during the Cold War, i.e. the period between the end of the Second World War and the end of the Eastern Bloc around 1989/1990.

Of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, the United States, France, Russia and the Soviet Union have always been represented by one judge since the establishment of the Court, as has the People’s Republic of China since 1985. This was also true of the United Kingdom from 1946 to 2018. In the November 2017 elections, British incumbent Christopher Greenwood’s bid for re-election failed, as he was supported by a majority of UN Security Council members but was defeated in the UN General Assembly by Indian candidate Dalveer Bhandari. After several unsuccessful rounds of voting, the British UN mission withdrew its candidacy in favour of Dalveer Bhandari.

List of judges

Country of origin Name Tenure President Vice President
El SalvadorEl Salvador El Salvador José Gustavo Guerrero
(1876-1958)
1946–1958 1946–1949 1949–1955
FranceFrankreich France Jules Basdevant
(1877-1968)
1946–1964 1949–1952 1946–1949
ChileChile Chile Alejandro Álvarez
(1868-1960)
1946–1955
MexicoMexiko Mexico Isidro Fabela
(1882-1964)
1946–1952
United StatesVereinigte Staaten United States Green H. Hackworth
(1883-1973)
1946–1961 1955–1958
PolandPolen Poland Bohdan Winiarski
(1884-1969)
1946–1967 1961–1964
Yugoslavia Socialist Federal RepublicJugoslawien Yugoslavia Milovan Zoričić
(1884-1971)
1946–1958
BelgiumBelgien Belgium Charles De Visscher
(1884-1973)
1946–1952
United KingdomVereinigtes Königreich United Kingdom Arnold McNair
(1885-1975)
1946–1955 1952–1955
NorwayNorwegen Norway Helge Klæstad
(1885-1965)
1946–1961 1958–1961
EgyptÄgypten Egypt Abdul Hamid Badawi
(1887-1965)
1946–1965 1955–1958
Soviet UnionSowjetunion Soviet Union Sergei Krylov
(1888-1958)
1946–1952
CanadaKanada Canada John Read
(1888-1973)
1946–1958
TaiwanRepublik China (Taiwan) Republic of China Hsu Mo
(1893-1956)
1946–1956
BrazilBrasilien Brazil Philadelpho Azevedo
(1894-1951)
1946–1951
BrazilBrasilien Brazil Levi Carneiro
(1882-1971)
1951–1955
IndiaIndien India Benegal Narsing Rau
(1887-1953)
1952–1953
UruguayUruguay Uruguay Enrique Armand-Ugón
(1893-1984)
1952–1961
Soviet UnionSowjetunion Soviet Union Sergei Golunski
(1895-1962)
1952–1953
Soviet UnionSowjetunion Soviet Union Fyodor Koshevnikov
(1903-1998)
1953–1961
PakistanPakistan Pakistan Muhammad Zafrullah Khan
(1893-1985)
1954-1961;
1964-1973
1970–1973 1958–1961
United KingdomVereinigtes Königreich United Kingdom Hersch Lauterpacht
(1897-1960)
1955–1960
ArgentinaArgentinien Argentina Lucio Moreno Quintana
(1898-1979)
1955–1964
MexicoMexiko Mexico Roberto Córdova
(1899-1967)
1955–1964
TaiwanRepublik China (Taiwan) Republic of China Wellington Koo
(1887-1985)
1957–1967 1964–1967
GreeceGriechenland Greece Jean Spiropoulos
(1896-1972)
1958–1967
AustraliaAustralien Australia Percy Spender
(1897-1985)
1958–1967 1964–1967
PanamaPanama Panama Ricardo J. Alfaro
(1882-1971)
1959–1964 1961–1964
United KingdomVereinigtes Königreich United Kingdom Gerald Fitzmaurice
(1901-1982)
1960–1973
Soviet UnionSowjetunion Soviet Union Vladimir Korezki
(1890-1984)
1961–1970 1967–1970
JapanJapan Japan Tanaka Kōtarō
(1890-1974)
1961–1970
PeruPeru Peru José Luis Bustamante y Rivero
(1894-1989)
1961–1970 1967–1970
United StatesVereinigte Staaten United States Philip Jessup
(1897-1986)
1961–1970
ItalyItalien Italy Gaetano Morelli
(1900-1989)
1961–1970
MexicoMexiko Mexico Luis Padilla Nervo
(1894-1985)
1964–1973
SenegalSenegal Senegal Isaac Forster
(1903-1984)
1964–1982
FranceFrankreich France André Gros
(1908-2003)
1964–1982
LebanonLibanon Lebanon Fouad Ammoun
(1899-1977)
1965–1976 1970–1976
PhilippinesPhilippinen Philippines Cesar Bengzon
(1896-1992)
1967–1976
SwedenSchweden Sweden Sture Petrén
(1908-1976)
1967–1976
PolandPolen Poland Manfred Lachs
(1914-1993)
1967–1993 1973–1976
NigeriaNigeria Nigeria Charles Onyeama
(1917-1999)
1967–1976
United StatesVereinigte Staaten United States Hardy Cross Dillard
(1902-1982)
1970–1979
BeninBenin Dahomey/ Benin Louis Ignacio-Pinto
(1903-1984)
1970–1979
SpainSpanien Spain Federico de Castro
(1903-1983)
1970–1979
Soviet UnionSowjetunion Soviet Union Platon Dmitrievich Morozov
(1906-1986)
1970–1985
UruguayUruguay Uruguay Eduardo Jiménez de Aréchaga
(1918-1994)
1970–1979 1976–1979
United KingdomVereinigtes Königreich United Kingdom Humphrey Waldock
(1904-1981)
1973–1981 1979–1981
IndiaIndien India Nagendra Singh
(1914-1988)
1973–1988 1985–1988 1976–1979
ArgentinaArgentinien Argentina José María Ruda
(1924-1994)
1973–1991 1988–1991
GermanyDeutschland Germany Hermann Mosler
(1912-2001)
1976–1985
NigeriaNigeria Nigeria Taslim Olawale Elias
(1914-1991)
1976–1991 1982–1985 1979–1982
SyriaSyrien Syria Salah El Dine Tarazi
(1917-1980)
1976–1980
JapanJapan Japan Shigeru Oda
(* 1924)
1976–2003 1991–1994
ItalyItalien Italy Roberto Ago
(1907-1995)
1979–1995
EgyptÄgypten Egypt Abdullah Ali El-Erian
(1920-1981)
1979–1981
BrazilBrasilien Brazil José Sette Câmara
(1920-2002)
1979–1988 1982–1985
United StatesVereinigte Staaten United States Richard R. Baxter
(1921-1980)
1979–1980
SyriaSyrien Syria Abdallah Fikri El-Khani
(* 1925)
1981–1985
United StatesVereinigte Staaten United States Stephen M. Schwebel
(* 1929)
1981–2000 1997–2000 1994–1997
United KingdomVereinigtes Königreich United Kingdom Robert Yewdall Jennings
(1913-2004)
1982–1995 1991–1994
FranceFrankreich France Guy Ladreit de Lacharrière
(1919-1987)
1982–1987 1985–1987
SenegalSenegal Senegal Kéba Mbaye
(1924-2007)
1982–1991 1987–1991
AlgeriaAlgerien Algeria Mohammed Bedjaoui
(* 1929)
1982–2001 1994–1997
China People’s RepublicVolksrepublik China People’s Republic of China Ni Zhengyu
(1906-2003)
1985–1994
NorwayNorwegen Norway Jens Evensen
(1917-2004)
1985–1994
RussiaRussland Soviet Union/ Russia Nikolai Tarasov
(1923-1994)
1985–1994
FranceFrankreich France Gilbert Guillaume
(* 1930)
1987–2005 2000–2003
GuyanaGuyana Guyana Mohamed Shahabuddeen
(1931-2018)
1988–1997
IndiaIndien India Raghunandan Swarup Pathak
(1924-2007)
1989–1991
VenezuelaVenezuela Venezuela Andrés Aguilar Mawdsley
(1924-1995)
1991–1995
Sri LankaSri Lanka Sri Lanka Christopher Weeramantry
(1926-2017)
1991–2000 1997–2000
MadagascarMadagaskar Madagascar Raymond Ranjeva
(* 1942)
1991–2009 2003–2006
NigeriaNigeria Nigeria Bola Ajibola
(* 1934)
1991–1994
HungaryUngarn Hungary Géza Herczegh
(1928-2010)
1993–2003
China People’s RepublicVolksrepublik China People’s Republic of China Shi Jiuyong
(* 1926)
1994–2010 2003–2006 2000–2003
GermanyDeutschland Germany Carl-August Fleischhauer
(1930-2005)
1994–2003
Sierra LeoneSierra Leone Sierra Leone Abdul Gadrie Koroma
(* 1943)
1994–2012
RussiaRussland Russia Vladlen Vereschetin
(* 1932)
1994–2006
ItalyItalien Italy Luigi Ferrari Bravo
(1933-2016)
1995–1997
United KingdomVereinigtes Königreich United Kingdom Rosalyn Higgins
(* 1937)
1995–2009 2006–2009
VenezuelaVenezuela Venezuela Gonzalo Parra-Aranguren
(1928-2016)
1996–2009
NetherlandsNiederlande Netherlands Pieter Kooijmans
(1933-2013)
1997–2006
BrazilBrasilien Brazil Francisco Rezek
(* 1944)
1997–2006
JordanJordanien Jordan Aun Schaukat al-Chasauneh
(* 1950)
2000–2011 2006–2009
United StatesVereinigte Staaten United States Thomas Buergenthal
(* 1934)
2000–2010
EgyptÄgypten Egypt Nabil Elaraby
(* 1935)
2001–2006
JapanJapan Japan Hisashi Owada
(* 1932)
2003–2018 2009–2012
GermanyDeutschland Germany Bruno Simma
(* 1941)
2003–2012
SlovakiaSlowakei Slovakia Peter Tomka
(* 1956)
2003–(2030) 2012–2015 2009–2012
FranceFrankreich France Ronny Abraham
(* 1951)
2005–(2027) 2015–2018
New ZealandNeuseeland New Zealand Kenneth Keith
(* 1937)
2006–2015
MexicoMexiko Mexico Bernardo Sepúlveda Amor
(* 1941)
2006–2015 2012–2015
MoroccoMarokko Morocco Mohamed Bennouna
(* 1943)
2006–(2024)
RussiaRussland Russia Leonid Skotnikov
(* 1951)
2006–2015
United KingdomVereinigtes Königreich United Kingdom Christopher Greenwood
(* 1955)
2009–2018
SomaliaSomalia Somalia Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf
(* 1948)
2009–(2027) 2018–2021 2015–2018
BrazilBrasilien Brazil Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade
(* 1947)
2009–(2027)
China People’s RepublicVolksrepublik China People’s Republic of China Xue Hanqin
(* 1955)
2010–(2030) 2018–(2021)
United StatesVereinigte Staaten United States Joan E. Donoghue
(* 1956)
2010–(2024) 2021–(2024)
ItalyItalien Italy Giorgio Gaja
(* 1939)
2012–2021
UgandaUganda Uganda Julia Sebutinde
(* 1954)
2012–(2030)
IndiaIndien India Dalveer Bhandari
(* 1947)
2012–(2027)
AustraliaAustralien Australia James Crawford
(* 1948)
2015–(2024)
RussiaRussland Russia Kirill Goraziyevich Vorgyan
(* 1953)
2015–(2024) 2021–(2024)
JamaicaJamaika Jamaica Patrick Lipton Robinson
(* 1944)
2015–(2024)
LebanonLibanon Lebanon Nawaf Salam
(* 1953)
2018–(2027)
JapanJapan Japan Yuji Iwasawa
(* 1954)
2018–(2030)
GermanyDeutschland Germany Georg Nolte
(* 1959)
2021–(2030)

Literature

  • Arthur Eyffinger, Arthur Witteveen, Mohammed Bedjaoui: La Cour internationale de Justice 1946-1996. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague and London 1999, ISBN 9-04-110468-2 (Biographies of the judges from 1946 to 1996, with pictures)

Web links

Commons: Judges of the International Court of Justice– Collection of images, videos and audio files