Lierne National Park
|Lierne National Park|
The National Parks in Southern Norway (the Lierne has number 16)
Lierne National Park (Norwegian Lierne nasjonalpark, South Sami Lijre) is a 333 km² Norwegian national park on the border with Sweden. The park is located in the province of Trøndelag and belongs to the municipality of Lierne. To the west of Lierne National Park, also in Lierne Municipality, lies Blåfjella-Skjækerfjella National Park. Both parks were opened on 17 December 2004.
The park was established to protect the mountain range located in the park with its special flora and fauna. Together with the nature reserves, such as Hotagsfjellene, on the Swedish side, the Lierne forms a large forest and mountain area that has so far been largely spared from human interference. The mountains in the centre of the park in particular have characteristic alpine wildlife.
Geography, landscape and geology
The park lies north of Sørlivassdraget and to the east of the Swedish border and the rivers Hestkjølen and Muru. Lierne also lies on the watershed between the Baltic Sea and the European North Sea. In general, the area is relatively flat.
The landscape is characterised by moraine and loess landscapes, such as Osen, which were formed around 10,000 years ago during and after the last ice age. The highest mountains are Hestkjøltoppen at 1390 m.o.h. and Merrafjellet at 1266 m.o.h. Both mountains lie in the Hestkjølplatået plateau
Flora and fauna
Due to the rocky terrain and cold alpine climate, the vegetation in the park is extremely sparse. Nevertheless, there are some scraggy birch forests, wetlands and bogs in the park, but all of them have rather sparse vegetation.
The largest mammals in the park are arctic fox, lynx, wolverine, and bear.
The bird life is dominated by water birds such as waders, ducks, Odin’s grouse, dunlin, Mornell’s plover, falcon skua, but also golden eagles. The lakes in the park are characterized by abundant fish stock (especially trout), which makes them a popular fishing area.
In the park, relics of early Norwegian settlement from the Bronze Age have been found, such as various hunting utensils and even a racing stove from the 6th century. In addition, traces of Sami settlement have also been found, such as the remains of houses, meeting places, burial grounds and sacred sites.
Tourism and administration
The park is rather less suitable for relaxed hiking and vacationing, as there are hardly any hiking trails and the region is very mountainous. Nevertheless, there are some tourist and overnight cabins both inside and outside the park
To the north of the park runs Reichsstraße 74 and to the southwest Reichsstraße 765, both of which are almost adjacent to the national park.
- National Parks in Norway
- Tom Schandy, Tom Helgesen: 100 norske naturperler. Forlaget Tom & Tom, Vestfossen 2007, ISBN 978-82-7643-430-9.