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Kotelnikovo(Russian Котельниково) is a town with a population of 20,428 (as of 14 October 2010) and the administrative center of the eponymous rayon in Volgograd Oblast, Russia.
Kotelnikovo is located in the south of the oblast, 190 km southwest of the oblast capital Volgograd and a few kilometers north of the administrative border with Rostov oblast. Immediately north of the town begins a branch of the Zimlyansk Reservoir of the Don River.
The closest cities to Kotelnikovo are Volgodonsk (74 km west) and Zimlyansk (77 km west). Both are located in Rostov Oblast.
Kotelnikovo originated in 1897 as a settlement near the railway station opened two years later on the line from Volgograd (then: Tsaritsyn) to Salsk. The place name was derived from the surname Kotelnikov, which is said to have belonged to one of the first settlers of this area.
During the Second World War, the village served as a base for German troops of Field Marshal Erich von Manstein during the Battle of Stalingrad, until it was liberated on December 29, 1942, in the course of a counter-offensive by Red Army units.
Kotelnikovo received the city status in 1955.
Note: Census data
Economy and infrastructure
Kotelnikowo is located in the middle of an area that is still dominated by agriculture. For this reason, the city’s industry is also strongly oriented towards this sector, with companies in the food industry and agricultural machine construction. However, mechanical engineering in particular came to a virtual standstill during the permanent economic crisis of the 1990s. Instead, there are currently plans by the EuroChem group to build a chemical combine in Kotelnikovo in order to process the potash salt deposits tapped near the city. This construction project is to be realized in cooperation with the German Thyssen Schachtbau GmbH, among others.
Sons and daughters of the city
- Artjom Kosjulin (* 1996), Russian-Georgian ice hockey player
- Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and Distribution of the Population). Tables 5, pp. 12-209; 11, pp. 312-979 (downloaded from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)