Klosterhardt is a district in the north of the Oberhausen borough of Osterfeld and had 12,214 inhabitants (including Tackenberg-Ost) at the end of 2008. Klosterhardt is home to the “cradle of the Ruhr industry”, the St. Antony ironworks, built in 1760.
The construction of the St. Anthony Hut was not settlement-forming. The area around Klosterhardt was and remained sparsely populated until the beginning of the 20th century. The barren soil yielded even less than the fields in the surrounding area, because in many places heavy brown stones gave the farmers extra work when ploughing. They had to laboriously dig out the chunks and pile them up along the edges of the fields. Teacher Heidbrinck writes about the Klosterhardt school district in 1890:
“Until the year 1840 Klosterhardt was inhabited by only a few families, they were as follows: House No. 31 Wischermann gt. Bockemöller, No. 32 official residence of the Antoniehütte, No. 33 Mußfeld, No. 34 Vogelpoth, No. 35 Hartmann, now a master builder. The Hartmannkotten still stands today and is considered the oldest house in Klosterhardt. The inhabitants of Klosterhardt are almost all factory workers or miners. Lehmberg, Mussfeld and Baumeister are preferably engaged in agriculture.”
In 1905, the Gutehoffnungshütte acquired land from Count Westerholt-Gysenberg in Klosterhardt, Bottrop and Sterkrade, in order to subsequently lay out the Jacobi colliery from 1912 to 1913, which ceased production in 1974. Until then the area was only used for forestry and to a small extent also for agriculture. In the years 1912-1928 the first large housing estate was built in Klosterhardt in the area of Haniel-, Hugo-, Huyssen- and Jacobistraße. It is the Jacobisiedlung, which provided living space for the miners and their families of the coal mine of the same name.
Klosterhardt is primarily a residential area. Shopping facilities are available on Teutoburger Straße. The Jacobi public golf course (on the site of the former colliery) and numerous cycling and hiking trails through the district provide space for various leisure activities.
Klosterhardt is connected to the local transport network by bus lines SB 92, SB 93, 263, 953 and 961 of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr.
- List of streets in Oberhausen-Klosterhardt
- The population in Oberhausen on 31 December 2008
- Der Kickenberg, Osterfelder Heimatblatt, No. 11, June 2009, pp. 4-5
- Der Kickenberg, Osterfelder Heimatblatt, No. 8, September 2008, p. 10
- Osterfeld History – Timetable
- Participation event Tackenberg/Klosterhardt
- City line map Oberhausen(Memento of the Originals of December 29, 2009 in the Internet Archive) Info:The archive linkwas inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check original and archive link according to instructions and then remove this hint.