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Kehlnbach

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Kehlnbach
City Gladenbach
Wappen von Kehlnbach

Coordinates 50° 46′ 13″ N, 8° 33′ 49″ O

Height: 279(278-290) m a.s.l
Area: 2.06 km²[1]
Residents: 97 (30 Dec. 2017)[2]
Population Density: 47 Inhabitants/km²
Incorporation: 1.July 1974
Zip code: 35075
Area code: 06462
Ansicht aus dem Zillertal
View from the Zillertal

Kehlnbach is the smallest district of Gladenbach in the central Hessian district of Marburg-Biedenkopf.

Geography

The village is situated in the Gladenbacher Bergland and thus in the nature park Lahn-Dill-Bergland at the Schlossberg 1.5 km west of Gladenbach.

History

The village was first mentioned in a document in 1324 with the place name “Kelembach”.[1]

The Statistisch-topographisch-historische Beschreibung des Großherzogthums Hessen reports about Kehlnbach in 1830:

“Kehlnbach (L. Bez. Gladenbach) evangel. Filialdorf; lies 1⁄4 St. from Gladenbach, and there are 12 houses and 80 inhabitants in this prosperous place, who are Lutheran and feed on agriculture.”[3]

In 1898 Kehlnbach received its own mayoralty.

Territorial reform

On 1 July 1974, in the course of the territorial reform in Hesse, the merger of the town of Gladenbach with the municipalities of Bellnhausen, Diedenshausen, Erdhausen, Friebertshausen, Frohnhausen b. Gladenbach, Kehlnbach, Mornshausen a. S., Rachelshausen, Römershausen, Rüchenbach, Sinkershausen, Weidenhausen and Weitershausen to form the present-day town of Gladenbach took place by state law.[4][5] Local districts were established for all former communities and Gladenbach.

Territorial history and administration

The following list shows the territories in which Kehlnbach was located, or the administrative units to which it was subject:[1][6][7]

  • before 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hesse, Office Blankenstein, Lower Court Gladenbach
  • from 1567: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hesse-Marburg, Office of Blankenstein, Lower Court of Gladenbach[8]
  • 1604-1648: disputed between Hesse-Kassel and Hesse-Darmstadt (Hesse War)
  • from 1604: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel, Office of Blankenstein
  • from 1627: Holy Roman Empire, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, High Principality of Hesse, Office of Blankenstein, Lower Court of Gladenbach[9][10]
  • from 1806: Confederation of the Rhine, Grand Duchy of Hesse, High Principality of Hesse, Blankenstein Office, County and Rügen Court[11]
  • from 1815: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, Office of Blankenstein
  • from 1821: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Gladenbach (separation of judiciary (Gladenbach District Court) and administration)
  • from 1832: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Biedenkopf
  • from 1848: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, administrative district of Biedenkopf
  • from 1852: German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Province of Upper Hesse, District of Biedenkopf
  • from 1867: North German Confederation, Kingdom of Prussia, Province of Hesse-Nassau, Administrative District of Wiesbaden, District of Biedenkopf (transitional hinterland district)[10]
  • from 1871: German Empire, Kingdom of Prussia, Province of Hesse-Nassau, District of Wiesbaden, County of Biedenkopf
  • from 1918: German Reich, Free State of Prussia, Province of Hesse-Nassau, District of Wiesbaden, County of Biedenkopf
  • from 1932: German Reich, Free State of Prussia, Province of Hesse-Nassau, District of Wiesbaden, County of Dillenburg
  • from 1933: German Reich, Free State of Prussia, Province of Hesse-Nassau, District of Wiesbaden, County of Biedenkopf
  • from 1944: German Reich, Free State of Prussia, Province of Nassau, District of Biedenkopf
  • from 1945: American occupation zone, Greater Hesse, administrative district of Wiesbaden, district of Biedenkopf
  • as of 1949: Federal Republic of Germany, Land Hessen (since 1946), Regierungsbezirk Wiesbaden, Kreis Biedenkopf
  • from 1968: Federal Republic of Germany, Land Hessen, Regierungsbezirk Darmstadt, Kreis Biedenkopf
  • from 1974: Federal Republic of Germany, Land Hessen, Regierungsbezirk Kassel, Landkreis Marburg-Biedenkopf
  • on 1 July 1974 Kehlnbach was incorporated into the newly formed municipality of Gladenbach as a district.
  • as of 1981: Federal Republic of Germany, Land Hessen, Regierungsbezirk Gießen, Landkreis Marburg-Biedenkopf

Courts since 1821

Jurisdiction was transferred to the newly created district courts in 1821 as part of the separation of justice and administration. “Landgericht Gladenbach” was the designation for the court of first instance in Gladenbach from 1821 until its cession to Prussia in 1866. For the province of Upper Hesse, the Court Court of Giessen was established as a court of second instance. Superior to this was the Oberappellationsgericht Darmstadt.

After the cession of the Biedenkopf district to Prussia as a result of the peace treaty of 3 September 1866 between the Grand Duchy of Hesse and the Kingdom of Prussia, the Gladenbach district court became Prussian.[12] In June 1867, a royal decree was issued which reorganized the court system in the former Duchy of Nassau and the parts of the territory formerly belonging to the Grand Duchy of Hesse. The previous judicial authorities were abolished and replaced by district courts in the first instance, county courts in the second instance and a court of appeal in the third instance.[13] In the course of this, on September 1, 1867, the previous district court was renamed the Gladenbach District Court. The courts of higher instance were the District Court of Dillenburg and the Court of Appeal of Wiesbaden.[14]

From October 1, 1944[15] until 1 January 1949[16] gladenbach District Court belonged to the Limburg District Court District, then again to the Marburg District Court District. On 1 July 1968 the local court Gladenbach was dissolved[17]which from then on functioned as a branch of the district court of Biedenkopf.[18] On 1 November 2003, this branch was dissolved.[19]

Population

Population development

Source: Historisches Ortslexikon[1]

– • 1502: 03 Men
– • 1577: 07 House sauces
– • 1630: 06 Household horses (1 three-horse, 1 two-horse, 3 one-horse farmhands, 1 one-horse)
– • 1742: 14 households
– • 1791: 73 inhabitants[20]
– • 1800: 73 inhabitants[21]
– • 1806: 46 inhabitants, 12 houses[11]
– • 1829: 80 inhabitants, 12 houses[3]

Religious affiliation

Source: Historisches Ortslexikon[1]

– • 1829: 80 Protestant (= 100 %) inhabitants[3]
– • 1885: 94 Protestant (= 100 %) inhabitants
– • 1961: 90 Protestant (= 87.38 %), 13 Roman Catholic (= 12.62 %) inhabitants

Gainful employment

Source: Historisches Ortslexikon[1]

– • 1961: 33 employed in agriculture and forestry, 18 in manufacturing, 12 in trade and transport, two in services and other.

Web links

Commons: Kehlnbach (Gladenbach)– Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual references

  1. a b c d e f g Kehlnbach, Marburg-Biedenkopf district. Historical encyclopedia of places for Hesse. (As of 16 October 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  2. Population figures on the website of the town of Gladenbach, retrieved on 23 March 2018
  3. a b c Georg Wilhelm Justin Wagner: Statistical-topographical-historical description of the Grand Duchy of Hesse: Province of Upper Hesse. Volume 3. Carl Wilhelm Leske, Darmstadt August 1830, OCLC 312528126 , p. 140 (onlineat google books).
  4. Law on the Reorganization of the Districts of Biedenkopf and Marburg and the City of Marburg (Lahn) (GVBl. II 330-27) of 12 March 1974. In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1974 No. 9, p. 154, § 21 (Online at theInformation System of the Hessian Parliament [PDF; 3.0 MB]).
  5. Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historisches Gemeindeverzeichnis für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Name, boundary and key number changes in municipalities, districts and administrative districts from 27.5.1970 to 31.12.1982. W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart/Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1, pp. 350-351.
  6. Michael Rademacher:German administrative history from the unification of the German Reich in 1871 to reunification in 1990. State of Hesse.online dissertation material, Osnabrück 2006).
  7. Grossherzogliche Centralstelle für die Landesstatistik (ed.): Beiträge zur Statistik des Großherzogtums Hessen. Vol. 13. G. Jonghause’s Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB 013163434 ,OCLC 162730471 , pp. 12 ff.(Online at google books).

  8. The affiliation of the office Blankenstein on the basis of maps from the Historical Atlas of Hesse: Hesse-Marburg 1567-1604., Hesse-Kassel and Hesse-Darmstadt 1604-1638. and Hesse-Darmstadt 1567-1866.

  9. Wilhelm von der Nahmer: Handbuch des Rheinischen Particular-Rechts: Entwickelung der Territorial- und Verfassungsverhältnisse der deutschen Staaten an beiden Ufern des Rheins : vom ersten Beginnen der französischen Revolution bis in die neueste Zeit. Volume 3. Sauerländer, Frankfurt am Main 1832, OCLC 165696316 , p. 7(onlineat google books).
  10. a b Grossherzogliche Centralstelle für die Landesstatistik (ed.): Beiträge zur Statistik des Großherzogtums Hessen. Volume 13. G. Jonghause’s Hofbuchhandlung, Darmstadt 1872, DNB 013163434,OCLC 162730471, p. 27 ff, § 40 item 6c) (online at google books).
  11. a b
    Hessen-Darmstädter Staats- und Adresskalender 1806. published by the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1806, p. 244 (online in the HathiTrust digital library).
  12. Art. 14 of the Peace Treaty between the Grand Duchy of Hesse and the Kingdom of Prussia of September 3, 1866(Hess. Reg.Bl. p. 406-407)
  13. Decree on the Constitution of the Courts in the Former Duchy of Nassau and the Former Grand Ducal Hessian Territory Parts with the Exclusion of the Meisenheim Regional Court of 26 June 1867(PrGS 1867, pp. 1094-1103)
  14. Decree of August 7, 1867, concerning the establishment of the courts to be set up in accordance with the Most High Decree of June 26 of this year in the former Duchy of Nassau and the former Grand Ducal Hessian territorial parts, with the exclusion of the Oberamtsbezirk Meisenheim(Pr. JMBl. p. 218-220)
  15. Decree on the Amendment of Higher Regional Court Districts of 20 July 1944(RGBl. I p. 163)
  16. Subject: Court organization (change of Landgericht districts) of 14 December 1948. In: The Hessian Minister of Justice (ed.): Staatsanzeiger für das Land Hessen. 1948 No. 52, p. 563, item 728 (Onlineat the Information System of the Hessian Parliament [PDF; 3.4 MB]).
  17. Second Act Amending the Court Organization Act (Amended GVBl. II 210-16) of 12 February 1968. In: The Hessian Minister of Justice (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1968 No. 4, pp. 41-44, Article 1, para. 6 b) (Onlineat the Information System of the Hessian Parliament [PDF; 298 kB]).
  18. Subject: Court organisation (establishment of branches of the local courts) of 1 July 1964. In: Der Hessische Minister Justiz (ed.): Staatsanzeiger für das Land Hessen. 1968 No. 28, p. 1037, item 777 : § 1 para. 5 (Online at theInformation System of the Hessian Parliament [PDF; 2.8 MB]).
  19. Third Ordinance on the Adjustment of Court Organizational Regulations (Amended GVBl. II 210-33; GVBl. II 210-86) of 10 October 2003. In: The Hessian Minister of Justice (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse. 2003 No. 16, p. 291, Article 1, para. 1 c) (Onlineat the Information System of the Hessian Parliament [PDF; 531 kB]).
    refers to Order on the Establishment and Jurisdiction of Judicial Branches (Amended GVBl. II 210-33) of 24 May 1974. In: Gesetz- und Verordnungsblatt für das Land Hessen. 1974 No. 18, p. 539(Onlineat the Information System of the Hessian Parliament [PDF; 1.6 MB]).

  20. Hessen-Darmstädter Staats- und Adresskalender 1791. published by the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1791, p. 188 (online in the HathiTrust digital library).

  21. Hessen-Darmstädter Staats- und Adresskalender 1800. published by the Invaliden-Anstalt, Darmstadt 1800, p. 201 (online in the HathiTrust digital library).

  22. Population figures from web archive: 2004, 2006, 2010-2012, as of 2014
  23. Selected data on population and households on 9 May 2011 in the Hessian municipalities and municipal districts.(PDF; 1 MB) In: Census 2011. Hessian StateStatistical Office; retrieved March