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Katharina von Sachsen (1468–1524)

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Lucas Cranach the Elder: Catherine of Saxony

Catherine of Saxony (* 24 July 1468 in Grimma, Saxony; † 10 February 1524 in Calenberg) was the second wife of Siegmund, Archduke of Austria and Regent of Tyrol.

Life

Catherine was the eldest child of Duke Albrecht the Brave of Saxony and his wife Sidonie of Bohemia. In 1484, at the age of 16, she became the second wife of Archduke Siegmund in Innsbruck, who was already 56 years old and considered senile. The marriage remained childless. Politically, Katharina was hardly able to exert any influence in Tyrol. A former mistress of Siegmund’s knitted intrigues against the young bride and falsely claimed in 1487 that Katharina wanted to poison her husband. Since the archduke’s political style was no longer tenable, this was also followed in 1487 by his extensive disempowerment by the Tyrolean estates, who were supported in this by Emperor Frederick III. This was followed by constant quarrels over the new court order that had now been introduced, which imposed restrictions on the archduke. Finally Siegmund abdicated in 1490 and Catherine now had considerably less of a budget than before. Siegmund died in 1496 and Katharina married Duke Erich of Brunswick soon afterwards (c. 1496/97) in a second marriage, but this marriage produced only a daughter Anna Maria, who died young. After her death (1524) Katharina was buried in Münden; her epitaph is by Loy Hering.

Ancestors

Pedigree Catherine of Saxony
Great-great-grandparents

Margrave
Friedrich III. (1332–1381)
⚭ 1346
Catherine of Henneberg (1334-1397)

Duke
Heinrich I of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1355-1416)

Sophie of Pomerania (1370-1406)

Duke
Leopold III. (1351–1386)
⚭ 1365
Viridis Visconti of Milan (1350-1414)

Ziemowit IV

Alexandra of Lithuania

Boček II of Podiebrad (-1417)

Anna Elisabeth of Leipa

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Great-grandparents

Elector Frederick I of Saxony (1370-1428)
⚭ 1402
Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1395-1442)

Duke Ernst the Iron (1377-1424)
⚭ 1412
Cimburgis of Mazovia (1394/97-1429)

Victoria of Podiebrad (1403-1427)

Anne of Wartenberg (1403-1427)

Smil of Sternberg (-1431)

Barbara of Pardubice (-1433)

Grandparents

Elector Frederick II (1412-1464)
⚭ 1431
Margaret of Austria (1416-1486)

King George of Podiebrad (1420-1471)
⚭ 1441
Cunegonde of Sternberg (1425-1449)

Parents

Duke Albrecht the Brave (1443-1500)
⚭ 1464
Sidonie of Bohemia (1449-1510)

Catherine of Saxony

Literature

  • Catherine of Saxony. In: Brigitte Hamann: Die Habsburger, ein biographisches Lexikon. Verlag Carl Ueberreuter, Vienna, 1988, p. 235.
  • Constantin von Wurzbach: Habsburg, Catherine of Saxony. In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. 6.Part. Kaiserlich-königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1860, p. 402 (Digitalisat).
  • Klaus Brandstätter: Die Tiroler Landesfürstinnen im 15. Jahrhundert. In: Margarete Maultasch. Zur Lebenswelt einer Landesfürstin und anderer Tiroler Frauen des Mittelalters. Edited by Julia Hörmann-Thurn and Taxis. (Schlern-Schriften 339). 2007, S. 175–218.

Web links

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