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Kaid

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A kaid or caïd, Arabic القائد/ al-qā’id, is a title conferred in the Norman kingdom of Sicily. It was given to palace officials and members of the curia, usually Muslims or converts from Islam, often eunuchs. The Latinization was gaitus or gaytus

In the Arab region of origin in the Maghreb, kaid meant master or leader, either local representative of the central state power (makhzen) or regional leader of an independent tribe. Among the latter was Caïd Moha ou Hammou, a Berber leader who resisted the French colonial army in the Khénifra area of Morocco in the early 20th century. Around the same time, the Sultan’s force included General Sir Harry Aubrey de Maclean (1848-1920), a Scottish military advisor to Abd al-Aziz who held the title of kaid

Kaids were at the court of Palermo:

  • Kaid Thomas Brun, an Englishman who served Roger II;
  • Kaid Peter, a eunuch converted from Islam, confidant of Margaret of Navarre;
  • Kaid Richard, chamberlain to Margaret of Navarre.