Josephus Serrurier (also: Joseph Serrurier; * c. 1663 in Amsterdam; † 15 April 1742 in Utrecht) was a Dutch philosopher, physicist, mathematician, physician and botanist.
Nothing is known about Serrurier’s origins and early childhood years. Under the rectorship of Frederick Spanheim, he matriculated at the age of seventeen at the University of Leiden on 14 February 1680. Here he found a patron in Burchard de Volder, with whom he attended lectures in philosophy and physics. In the discussion of his studies he became a follower of the Cartesian philosophy of René Descartes . He was also engaged in medical studies. At the medical faculty in Leiden at that time, Charles Drelincourt the Younger taught pathological anatomy, Carel de Maets taught medicine and chemistry, Theodor Craanen taught mathematics and medicine, Paul Hermann taught herbology and practical medicine, and Anton Nuck taught anatomy and surgery, and he may have attended his lectures.
On December 18, 1690, he obtained the degree of Master of Philosophy with the defense of the dissertation de Gravitate aeris, and on the same day he received the degree of Doctor of Medicine with the inaugural dissertation de Febribus in genere . On 28 December 1705 the trustees of the University of Utrecht appointed him professor of philosophy and mathematicswhich office he took up on 3 February 1706 with the speech Oratio inauguralis pro philosophia (Utrecht 1706) . On 18 May 1716 he moved to the medical faculty of the Utrecht Academy as professor of medicine and botany, for which he delivered the speech De causis corruptae et contemtae medicinae.
On 7 June 1723 he was promoted to the professorship of medical institutions (Institutionum Medicarum) and botany. In addition, he participated in the organizational tasks and was rector of the alma mater in the years 1712/13, 1721/22 as well as 1739/40. Of his writings, a comprehensive treatise on experimental physics(Physicae experimentis innixae compendiosa tractatio: In usum scholarum domesticarum. Utrecht 1700, 1722) and a memorial treatise on Adrianus Reland(Oratio Funebris in Obitum Viri Celeberrimi Hadriani Relandi, Antiquitatum Sacrarum & Linguarum Orientalium Professoris Ordinarii Recitata Ipsis Nonis Martiis MDCCXVIII. Utrecht 1718).
- G. du Rieu: Album studiosorum Academiae Lugduno-Batavae 1575-1875. Martin Nijhoff, The Hague, 1875, p. 634
- Gerhard Wiesenfeldt: Empty Space in Minerva’s House. Experimentelle Naturlehre an der Universität Leiden 1675-1715. Verlag für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften und der Technik, Amsterdam-Berlin-Diepholz, 2002, ISBN 3928186612, p. 290
- C. A. Siegenbeek van Heukelom-Lamme: Album scholasticum academiae Lugduno-Batavae MDLXXV-MCMXL. Published by E. J. Brill, Leiden, 1941.
- P. C. Molhysen: Album Promotorum Academiae Lugduno Batavae 1575-1812. The Hague, 1913-1924, p. 206
- University of Utrecht: Album Studiosorum Academiae Rheno-Traiectinae MDCXXXVI-MDCCCLXXXVI. published by J. L. Beijers/ J. van Boekhoven, Utrecht, 1886, sp. XVIII (no. 56)
- Helmut Holzhey, Vilem Mudroch, Daniel Brühlmeier: The Philosophy of the 18th Century. Verlag Schwabe AG, Basel, 2004, ISBN 3796519873, 2 half-volumes, p. 1083
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||dutch philosopher, physicist, mathematician, physician and botanist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1663|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Amsterdam|
|STERBEDATUM||15. April 1742|