Jewish cemetery (Hechingen)
The Jewish Cemetery is a cemetery in the district of the city of Hechingen in the Zollernalbkreis in Baden-Württemberg. It is a protected cultural monument.
The Jewish cemetery is located at the so-called Galgenrain between Hechingen and Sickingen north of the L 410. There are a total of 651 gravestones. The oldest securely dated gravestone is from the year 1747.
The cemetery was probably occupied from the middle of the 17th century until 1941 and then again in 1958, 1995 and since 2002.
Originally the cemetery, outside the town and near the gallows, was not fenced in. It was not until 1764 that Karoline Kaulla (1739-1809), in her time one of the largest court factors and claimed to be the richest woman in Germany, was able to obtain permission for a fence. In 1800, the grounds were walled off and the nearby gallows also disappeared.
Karoline Kaulla and Julius Koch (1816-1895), royal Württemberg court fruit merchant and the maternal grandfather of Albert Einstein, are buried in the Jewish cemetery.
In 1990, 1993 and 2018, the cemetery was desecrated: in 1990, 95 gravestones were overturned and smeared with swastikas; In 1993, 15 gravestones were overturned and partially destroyed, in 2018, two gravestones.
Due to the rising terrain, the cemetery is threatened by landslides. Therefore, the cemetery wall was renovated in 2018 with the support of the Denkmalstiftung Baden-Württemberg and named Monument of the Month November 2018.
- Otto Werner: Synagogues and Jewish cemetery in Hechingen. Series of publications of the Old Synagogue Hechingen Association. Vol. 1. Hechingen/Albstadt 1996.
- o. V.: Hechingens jüdischer Friedhof. In: Denkmalstimme 4/2017, published by the Denkmalstiftung Baden-Württemberg, pp. 1-4.
- Synagogue (Hechingen)
– Collection of images, videos and audio files
- Jewish cemetery Hechingen at Alemannia Judaica (with 92 pictures)
- Jewish Cemetery Hechingen at the Central Archive for Research on the History of the Jews in Germany
- Town of Hechingen
- Süddeutsche Zeitung, No. 207, 8/9 September 1990, page 3
- Stuttgarter Zeitung, No. 171, 28 July 1993
- swp.de: “Grave Desecrations at Jewish Cemetery”