James Garland

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James Garland (* June 6, 1791 in Ivy Depot, Virginia; † August 8, 1885 in Lynchburg, Virginia) was a U.S. politician. Between 1835 and 1841 he represented the state of Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives.


James Garland attended the public schools of his native county. After subsequently studying law and being admitted to the bar, he began practicing in that profession in Lovingston. He also participated as a soldier in the British-American War of 1812. In the 1820s, Garland joined the movement around future U.S. President Andrew Jackson and became a member of the Democratic Party, which he founded in 1828. From 1829 to 1831 he sat in the House of Representatives of Virginia.

In the congressional elections of 1834, Garland was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington, D.C., in his state’s sixth electoral district, succeeding George Dromgoole on March 4, 1835. After two re-elections he was able to serve three terms in Congress until March 3, 1841. Since 1839 he represented there the short-lived Conservative Party. In 1840 he was not confirmed.

After his time in the U.S. House of Representatives ended, Garland initially practiced law again. From 1849 to 1872, he served as a prosecuting attorney in Lynchburg. At the same time he was a judge of the Corporation Court between 1841 and 1882. He died on August 8, 1885 in Lynchburg.

Web links

  • James Garland in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (English)
  • James Garland in the database of Find a Grave (english)