James Brough (Paläontologe)

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James Brough (b. c. 1904[1]; † 28 October 1988[2]) was a British paleontologist.

James Brough studied geology at Armstrong College (later the University of Newcastle upon Tyne), graduating with a bachelor’s degree. He obtained his doctorate at the University of Manchester and taught at the University of Edinburgh. In 1939 he became Lecturer in Zoology at Edinburgh. In 1944 he became Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy at University College Cardiff. In 1969 he became Emeritus Professor.

He was mainly concerned with fossil fishes, for example the early evolution of bony fishes (Palaeonisciformes).

He collected in South Africa (Karoo Supergroup), Rhodesia, the Austrian Alps and Northern Italy (Besano) and on Spitzbergen, among other places.

In 1935 he named the cartilaginous fish genus Lissodus of the Hybodontiformes.

His wife, Margaret C. Steen, also had a PhD in paleontology and worked on the early history of amphibians, including the Carboniferous amphibians of Joggins Fossil Cliffs. They also published together on Permian and Carboniferous tetrapods.

In 1940 he became a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.


  • On the Structure and Relationships of the Hybodont Sharks. Memoirs and Proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society, Vol. 79 1935, pp. 35-50.
  • On Fossil Fishes from the Karoo System and some general considerations on the Bony Fishes of the Triassic period. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, 1931, pp. 235-296.
  • The Triassic Fishes of Besano, Lombardy. British Museum (Nat.Hist.), London, 1939

Web links

References and notes

  1. Since 1969 emeritus
  2. Date of death according to Fellows Royal Society Edinburgh, pdf. The date of birth is recorded there as unknown.