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Iulia (Tochter des jüngeren Drusus)

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Iulia (also Iulia Livia or Iulia Drusi Caesaris; * 5 AD; † 43 AD) was the daughter of Tiberius Drusus Iulius Caesar and Livilla.

According to the imperial biographer Suetonius, one of Augustus’ last words was about Iulia’s health, as she was ill at the time of his death.[1]

In 20 AD, Iulia Livia married her cousin Nero Caesar, the eldest son of Germanicus and the elder Agrippina. Her husband was the eldest adopted grandson of Tiberius and was therefore considered his successor. In 29 AD, however, he and his mother fell victim to the machinations of the praetorian prefect Seianus and were banished as enemies of the state to the island of Ponza, where he died the following year under unexplained circumstances. The historian Cassius Dio reports that Iulia was subsequently betrothed to Seianus,[2] Suetonius and Tacitus, however, do not mention this engagement.

Soon after Seianus’ fall, Iulia married Gaius Rubellius Blandus, who was suffect consul in 18 AD and proconsul in Africa in 36 AD. According to Tacitus, this improper marriage was considered a cause for mourning in Rome.[3] The marriage produced several children, including Rubellius Plautus, whom Nero later eliminated as a rival, and Rubellia Bassa, who married Nerva’s uncle. In 43 AD, Iulia was accused of incest and immoral living by the emperor’s wife Messalina. Her uncle Claudius did nothing to defend her, so she was executed.[4] Iulia’s friend Pomponia Graecina, the wife of Aulus Plautius, therefore mourned her until the end of her life.[5]

Literature

  • Kurt Fitzler: Iulius552. in: Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft (RE ). Band X,1, Stuttgart 1918, Sp. 908 f.

Individual references

  1. Suetonius, Augustus 99.
  2. Cassius Dio 58,3,9.
  3. Tacitus, Annals 6,27
  4. Suetonius, Claudius 29.
  5. Tacitus, Annals 13,32.