The İmtiyaz Nişanı (Ottoman
امتياز نشانی İA .
Nişānı; listed in the German Order Almanac as the “Imtiaz Medal for Loyalty and Valor”) was an Ottoman badge of honor and was established by Sultan Abdülhamid II. in 1879. The award was intended to recognize civilian and military merit. It was permissible to award the medal to foreigners, and a number of German soldiers received it during the First World War.
The award was made by the sultan himself or on his behalf. A special feature was that the medal was hereditary and did not have to be returned on the death of the bearer.
The award was awarded in two levels – gold and silver. For military merit could be added to the ribbon two crossed sabers.
The decoration is a round silver-plated or gold-plated medal. On it are trophies and the words Hamiyyet, Gayret, Şecâ’at, Sadakat (patriotism, zeal, bravery, loyalty) in Ottoman script.
The medal was worn on a ribbon with a wide green and red stripe on each side of the left breast.
- Edhem Eldem: Pride and Privilege. A History of Ottoman Orders, Medals and Decorations. Istanbul 2004, ISBN 975-93692-8-1.
- Metin Erüreten: Osmanlı madalyaları ve nişanları. Belgelerle tarihi = Ottoman Medals and Orders. Documented History. The Destination Management Company, İstanbul 2001, ISBN 975-97637-0-2.
- The orders, coats of arms and flags of all regents and states. 5 parts. Ruhl, Leipzig 1883-1887.
– Collection of images, videos and audio files