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Higher Office of Ansbach

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The Oberamt Ansbach was one of the 15 administrative areas of the principality of Ansbach.

History

The Amt Ansbach originally consisted only of the Hofkastenamt Ansbach. Over time, the offices listed below were acquired. In the 18th century, the bailiwicks of Bruckberg, Flachslanden, Vestenberg and Unternbibert were administered by a common bailiff.[1] Finally, the sovereignty (high court, low court outside the Etter, church sovereignty, tax sovereignty) extended over an area that roughly corresponded to the district court of Ansbach. The Teutonic Order commandery of Virnsberg had full sovereignty over the Virnsberg area. The villages of Frickendorf, Götteldorf, Kettenhöfstetten, Ruppersdorf and Stockheim belonged to the Brandenburg-Bayreuth bailiwick of Markt Erlbach. Here the sovereignty extended to the low court outside the Etter, the church and tax jurisdiction. The high court was limited to the arrest of criminals, who were then to be extradited to the court bailiwick of Ansbach. The same applied to the manors Frohnhof, Rügland and Unternzenn, which belonged to the knight’s canton Altmühl.

Within the Oberamt, there were places whose village and community lordship was taken over by foreign lords. Ballstadt, Birkach, Gräfenbuch, Oberheßbach, Unterheßbach had the Eichstätt bailiwick of Lehrberg as village lords, which could decide lower court matters within the Etter. In the landlordship of individual estates there were also foreign lords.

From 1791/92, the principality of Ansbach was administered by the Prussian state as Ansbach-Bayreuth. In 1797, the Ansbach District was formed, the scope of which roughly corresponded to the Oberamt Ansbach.

Court Box Office Ansbach

The court caste office exercised the high court over all places of the Oberamt Ansbach.

The Hofkastenamt Ansbach exercised village and municipal rule over the following places:

  • Alberndorf, Ansbach, Bernhardswinden, Beutellohe, Brodswinden, Brünst, Oberdautenwinden, Deßmannsdorf, Dornberg, Egloffswinden, Elpersdorf bei Ansbach, Eyb, Forst, Gebersdorf, Geisengrund, Grüb, Haasgang, Häslabronn, Hennenbach, Hirschbronn, Höfen, Hürbel am Rangen, Kammerforst, Katterbach, Kleinhabersdorf, Kurzendorf, Kurzendorf, Lengenfeld, Liegenbach, Meinhardswinden, Neubronn, Neudorf, Neunkirchen, Neuses, Oberdombach, Obereichenbach, Petersdorf, Pfaffengreuth, Schalkhausen, Schmalach, Steinbach, Steinersdorf, Strüth, Tiefenthal, Thierbach, Thurndorf, Untereichenbach, Warzfelden, Wasserzell, Weihenzell, Wengenstadt, Wernsbach, Wüstenbruck, Zailach, Zellrüglingen.

The Hofkastenamt Ansbach had estates in the following places (the number of estates is given in brackets):

  • Immediately: Ansbach (207), Alberndorf (7), Ballstadt (2), Bernhardswinden (9), Beutellohe (4), Brodswinden (17), Bruckberg (6), Büchelberg (6), Cadolzhofen (4), Deßmannsdorf (4), Dornberg (16), Egloffswinden (13), Elpersdorf (12), Eyb with Aumühle (10), Gebersdorf (5), Geisengrund (1), Gotzendorf (3), Gräfenbuch (1), Grüb (9), Haasgang (9), Häslabronn (7), Hennenbach (3), Hirschbronn (3), Höfen bei Elpersdorf (8), Hürbel am Rangen (11), Illesheim (1), Immeldorf (1), Kammerforst (6), Katterbach (4), Kleinhabersdorf (7), Kurzendorf bei Ansbach (18), Kurzendorf bei Häslabronn (3), Lengenfeld with Hohenmühle (19), Meinhardswinden (16), Moratneustetten (3), Neubronn (3), Neudorf (18), Neunkirchen (14), Neuses bei Ansbach (9), Oberdautenwinden (6), Oberdombach (1), Obereichenbach (7), Oberschönbronn (1), Obersulzbach (3), Petersdorf (8), Pfaffengreuth (3), Ratzenwinden (2), Reckersdorf (4), Röshof (5), Röttenbach (1), Rutzendorf (1), Sachsbach (1), Schalkhausen (29), Schmalach (1), Schmalenbach (6), Schmalnbachshof (1), Steinbach with Büchenmühle and Streitmühle (4), Steinbach near Bruckberg (6), Steinersdorf (12), Steinmühle near Weihenzell (1), Stettberg (2), Strüth (17), Thierbach (2), Tiefenthal (6), Untereichenbach with Schockenmühle (4), Unterrottmannsdorf with Weidenmühle (1), Untersulzbach (2), Warzfelden (14), Wasserzell (8), Weihenzell with Neumühle (25), Weinberg (2), Wengenstadt (2), Wernsbach bei Ansbach with Alexandermühle (23), Wernsbach bei Windsbach (1), Wüstenbruck (6), Zailach (17), Zandt (1), Zellrüglingen (12).
  • Middle: Lehrberg chaplaincy: Schmalach (1); Eyb church: Eyb (2), Wallersdorf (1); Sachsen church: Sachsen bei Ansbach (1); Schalkhausen church: Schalkhausen (1); Wernsbach b. A.: Schalkhausen (1); parish of Brodswinden: Brodswinden (9); Parish of Neunkirchen: Mittelbach (1), Neunkirchen (1); Parish Obersulzbach: Obersulzbach (3); Parish Sachsen: Volkersdorf (2); Parish Schalkhausen: Schalkhausen (1); Parish Weihenzell: Forst (1), Petersdorf (1), Schmalach (1); Wernsbach parish: Wernsbach (1); Spital Ansbach: Riedelhof (1), Schlauersbach (1), Stettberg (1), Ziegenhof (1).

Collegiate Office Ansbach

The Stiftsamt Ansbach took over the administration of the estates of the Gumbertusstift, which was dissolved in 1563.[2] The Stiftsgüter formed a fund for church and school purposes within the principality of Ansbach.

It exercised village and communal rule over the following places:

  • Anfelden, Berndorf, Boxbrunn, Dombach im Loch, Gödersklingen, Gösseldorf, Höchstetten, Höfstetten, Käferbach, Kühndorf, Mittelbach, Moratneustetten, Oberbreitenau, Oberrammersdorf, Ratzenwinden, Schönbronn, Wallersdorf, Wippendorf, Wolfartswinden, Wüstendorf.

The collegiate office of Ansbach had landed estates in the following places (the number of estates is given in brackets):

  • Immediately: Ansbach (64), Alberndorf (1), Alexandermühle, Anfelden (22), Aub (6), Bechhofen (2), Beerbach (1), Berndorf (10), Bernhardswinden (3), Beutellohe (1), Birkenmühle (1), Boxbrunn (7), Brodswinden (1), Büschelbach (2), Cadolzhofen (1), Deßmannsdorf (5), Dombach im Loch (5), Elpersdorf bei Windsbach (11), Eyb (22), Gerbersdorf (1), Gödersklingen (17), Gösseldorf (9), Grüb (1), Hennenbach (1), Hinterholz (1), Hirschbronn (3), Höchstetten (9), Höfstetten (9), Käferbach (4), Kirschendorf (1), Kleinhabersdorf (2), Kühndorf (3), Külbingen (3), Kurzendorf (1), Lölldorf (2), Mittelbach (10), Mittelramstadt (2), Moratneustetten (21), Neubronn (5), Neukirchen (2), Neunkirchen (3), Neuses bei Ansbach (5), Oberbreitenau (9), Oberdombach (6), Obereichenbach (1), Oberrammersdorf (11), Oberramstadt (3), Oberschönbronn (3), Obersulzbach (6), Petersdorf (1), Pfaffengreuth (1), Pfetzendorf (2), Ratzenwinden (8), Röttenbach (1), Rückersdorf (1), Sachsbach (2), Sachsen bei Leutershausen (1), Schalkhausen (7), Schlauersbach (1), Schmalach (5), Schönbronn (6), Seiderzell (3), Steinbach (5), Thurndorf (1), Tiefenthal (3), Untereichenbach with Schockenmühle (6), Unterheßbach (2), Unterrottmannsdorf with Weidenmühle (4), Untersulzbach (5), Wallersdorf (10), Warzfelden (1), Wasserzell (8), Weidenmühle bei Eyb, Weihenzell (1), Wengenstadt (3), Wiebelsheim (2), Wippendorf (6), Wolfartswinden (3), Wüstendorf (8), Zailach (2), Zellrüglingen (1).
  • Middle: Hospital Ansbach: Hennenbach (13).

Mayor and Council of Ansbach

The mayor and council of Ansbach had landed estates in the following places (the number of estates is given in brackets):

  • Direct: Ammelbruch (6), Ansbach (536), Ballstadt (1), Eyerlohe (1), Gösseldorf (1), Untereichenbach (1), Wallersdorf (1), Winden (1).
  • Indirectly: Landpflege des Rats zu Ansbach: Atzenhofen (1), Brünst (5), Büchelberg (1), Deßmannsdorf (1), Dietenbronn (5), Hirschbronn (1), Hohenau (5), Käferbach (1), Kammerforst (1), Kurzendorf bei Ansbach (1), Mitteldachstetten (1), Neuses bei Ansbach (2), Oberdombach (1), Oberfelden (2), Pfaffengreuth (1), Röttenbach (2), Schmalenbach (2), Vehlberg (2), Wolfartswinden (1); St. Johannispflege Ansbach: Alberndorf (1), Atzenhofen (1), Bernhardswinden (1), Eckartsweiler (1), Eyb (3), Frommetsfelden (1), Grüb (1), Schalkhausen (1), Steinbach b.Alberndorf (1), Untereichenbach (1).

Chancery Office Ansbach

The chancery office of Ansbach had landed estates in the following places (the number of estates is given in brackets):

  • Kottensdorf (2), Leuzdorf (3) and Walpersdorf (1).[3]

Bailiwick of Lehrberg

The bailiwick of Lehrberg was originally a purely Eichstätt office. Over time, the margraves acquired property and rights there, so that the bailiwick of Lehrberg simultaneously became a margravial office. The margravial office exercised village and municipal rule over the following places:

  • Buhlsbach, Lehrberg.

It had manors in the following places (the number of manors is given in brackets):

  • Immediately: Lehrberg (52), Unterheßbach (1).
  • Indirectly: Lehrberg parish: Lehrberg (8); Ansbach court caste office: Buhlsbach (3); Lehrberg chaplaincy: Lehrberg (4); Lehrberg parish prebend: Lehrberg (4).

Bailiwick of Birkenfels

The Vogtamt Birkenfels took over administration over the estates of the Rittergut Birkenfels of the Lords of Seckendorff, which they had sold to the Principality of Ansbach in 1538.[4] It exercised village and municipal lordship over the following places:

  • Birkenfels, Borsbach, Hohenau, Ipsheim (together with Kastenamt Ipsheim), Mitteldachstetten, Oberdachstetten, Obersulzbach, Untersulzbach.

It had manors in the following places (the number of manors is given in brackets):

  • Immediate: Birkenfels (6), Borsbach (11), Flachslanden (3), Gräfenbuch (2), Hohenau (6), Ipsheim (17), Kellern (4), Lehrberg (2), Mitteldachstetten (9), Oberdachstetten (43), Obersulzbach (4).
  • Indirect: Obersulzbach church: Berndorf (2); Obersulzbach parish: Berndorf (1).

Bailiwick of Flachslanden

The Vogtamt Flachslanden took over administration over the estates of Flachslanden of the Lords of Posse, which they had sold to the Principality of Ansbach in 1536/52.[5] It exercised village and municipal rule over Flachslanden.

It had manors in the following places (the number of manors is given in brackets):

  • Immediate: Borsbach (11), Flachslanden (49), Mitteldachstetten (3), Oberdachstetten (2).
  • Indirect: Flachslanden church: Flachslanden (2); Parish of Flachslanden: Flachslanden (3), Mitteldachstetten (1).

Bailiwick of Bruckberg

The Vogtamt Bruckberg took over administration of the estates of the Bruckberg manor of the Lords of Eyb, which they had sold to the Principality of Ansbach in 1687.[6] The jurisdiction and rule, however, was taken over by the Vogtamt Flachslanden.[7] It exercised the village and community rule over the following places:

  • Bruckberg, Reckersdorf, Steinbach.

It had manors in the following places (the number of manors is given in brackets):

  • Immediately: Bruckberg (27), Steinbach (1).

Bailiwick of Unternbibert

The bailiwick of Unternbibert only exercised village and community rule over Unternbibert.

It had manors in the following places (the number of manors is given in brackets):

  • Immediate: Haasgang (2), Unternbibert (15).
  • Indirect: Church of Unternbibert: Unternbibert (1); Parish of Unternbibert: Unternbibert (1).

Bailiwick of Vestenberg

The Vogtamt Vestenberg took over administration over the estates of the manor Vestenberg of the Lords of Eyb, which they had sold to the Principality of Ansbach in 1724.[8] It exercised village and municipal rule over the following places:

  • Adelmannssitz, Külbingen, Neukirchen, Vestenberg.

It had manors in the following places (the number of manors is given in brackets):

  • Adelmannssitz (10), Immeldorf (7), Külbingen (11), Neukirchen (2), Vestenberg with Schafhof (28)

Literature

  • Friedrich Eigler: Schwabach (=Historical Atlas of Bavaria, Part Franconia. I, 28). Michael Laßleben, Kallmünz 1990, ISBN 3-7696-9941-6, p. 362.
  • Johann Bernhard Fischer: Oberamt Ansbach. In: Statistical and Topographical Description of the Burggraftum of Nuremberg, below the Gebürg, or the Principality of Brandenburg-Anspach. Second part. Containing the economic, statistical, and moral condition of these lands according to the fifteen head offices. Benedict Friedrich Haueisen, Ansbach 1790, pp. 3-44 (digital copy).
  • Hanns Hubert Hofmann: Neustadt-Windsheim (=Historical Atlas of Bavaria, Part Franconia. I, 2). Commission for Bavarian Regional History, Munich 1953, DNB 452071216, p. 64( digital copy).
  • Manfred Jehle: Ansbach: die margravial Oberämter Ansbach, Colmberg-Leutershausen, Windsbach, das Nürnberger Pflegamt Lichtenau und das Deutschordensamt (Wolframs-)Eschenbach (=Historical Atlas of Bavaria, Part Franconia. I, 35). Kommission für bayerische Landesgeschichte, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-7696-6856-8.
  • Friedrich Gottlob Leonhardi: Oberamt Anspach. In: Erdbeschreibung der Fränkischen Fürstenthümer Bayreuth und Anspach. Hemmerde und Schwetschke, Halle 1797, pp. 291-312 (digital copy).
  • Gottfried Stieber: Ober-Amt Anspach. In: Historische und topographische Nachricht von dem Fürstenthum Brandenburg-Onolzbach. Johann Jacob Enderes, Schwabach 1761, pp. 8-9 (digital copy).

Individual references

  1. M. Jehle, vol. 1, p. 349.
  2. J. B. Fischer, p. 4.
  3. F. Eigler, p. 362.
  4. M. Jehle, vol. 1, p. 283.
  5. M. Jehle, vol. 1, p. 341.
  6. M. Jehle, vol. 1, p. 467.
  7. M. Jehle, vol. 1, p. 468.
  8. M. Jehle, vol. 1, p. 484.