Heinrich Kraemer der Jüngere

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Philipp Heinrich Kraemer (* August 3, 1789 in St. Johann (Saar); † November 23, 1867 in Frankfurt am Main) was a German iron industrialist.


Heinrich Kraemer’s parents were the iron industrialist Heinrich Kraemer the Elder and Sophia née Firmond. His paternal grandmother was a née Karcher. His maternal grandfather was the chronicler of the Saar towns Georg Ludwig Firmond (1733-1810)


Heinrich Kraemer studied at the Freiberg Mining Academy, where he matriculated in 1810 and joined the Erzgebirgische Landsmannschaft, later Corps Montania Freiberg.[1] After his studies he joined the St. Ingbert ironworks, the Alte Schmelz, which he continued to run from 1822 together with his mother and brother Friedrich (Fritz), and after his mother’s death only with his brother. Heinrich Kraemer was responsible for the commercial management and external representation of the company. In 1833 the company started up a puddling works and in the same year installed the first steam engine in the Saar district. In 1848 the ironworks comprised a blast furnace, a puddling works, a wire drawing mill and a mechanical workshop.[2] In 1853, a relief and health insurance fund was set up for the employees. His son Heinrich Kraemer (1829-1912) succeeded him as owner of the ironworks

Heinrich Kraemer was a promoter of railway construction in the Saar region and in the then Bavarian Palatinate. In the year of his death, St. Ingbert was connected to the railway network due to his efforts

Kraemer belonged to the 3rd and 4th Bavarian Landtags from 1825 to 1828 for the Rhine District in the Chamber of Deputies. He was a member of the district council of the Rhine district.[3]


  • Knight’s Cross of the Order of Merit of Saint Michael
  • Knight’s Cross of the Order of Merit of the Bavarian Crown, combined with elevation to the personal nobility

Web links

Individual references

  1. Members of the Erzgebirgische Landsmannschaft. In: Max Blau, Gottfried Schilling: Chronicle of the Saxo-Montania at Freiberg and Dresden in Aachen, Part 1, Corps Montania Freiberg/Saxony 1798-1935, 1977, pp. 37-40
  2. Ralf Banken: The Industrialization of the Saar Region 1815-1914, Volume 1: Early Industrialization 1815-1850, 1997, p. 270(digital copy)
  3. Anzeige der Civilbeamten im Rheinkreis des Königreichs Baiern, 1825, p. 9