Guadalupe (Mexico City)

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Basilica of the Virgin of Guadalupe.

Villa de Guadalupe is a northern district of Mexico City on Mount Tepeyac. It is home to what is currently the largest pilgrimage in the world, with approximately 20 million pilgrims annually.[1] In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War here.

Place of pilgrimage

Our Lady of Guadalupe

In the new basilica

Villa de Guadalupe is home to the Basilica of the Virgin of Guadalupe. It is the most important shrine in Mexico and one of the most important Marian shrines in the world. The starting point of the pilgrimage is the Marian apparition of St. Juan Diego on Mount Tepeyac on 9 December 1531. When Juan Diego was then with the bishop, an image of Mary, the Mother of God, inexplicably appeared on his coat

A church was built on the site of the apparition. Because the ground sank, the basilica had to be closed to visitors and pilgrims. The new Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe, designed by Mexican architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, which was consecrated in 1974 and opened in 1975, is very impressive in its size and open architecture. It has 10,000 seats and can accommodate a total of up to 40,000 visitors, making it one of the largest churches in the world. The relic of the mantle containing the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe is located in the basilica. Pope Paul VI elevated the church to the rank of basilica minor in 1976 because of its importance as a pilgrimage church.

Patronages of Our Lady of Guadalupe

Our Lady of Guadalupe is the patroness of Latin America, especially Mexico. Benedict XIV declared Our Lady of Guadalupe patroness of Mexico in 1754 with the breve Non est quidem, and distinguished the feast on December 12 with its own Mass form and Office. Leo XIII extended the celebration of the feast to all Latin American countries. On his behalf, the Archbishop of Mexico, Alarcón y Sanchez de la Barquera, crowned the image of grace on October 12, 1895. In addition, Our Lady of Guadalupe is considered the patron saint of the unborn.


  • Paul Badde: Mary of Guadalupe. How the appearance of the Virgin wrote world history. Ullstein, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-550-07581-2.
  • D. A. Brading: Mexican Phoenix. Our Lady of Guadalupe: Image and Tradition Across Five Centuries. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2001.
  • Virgil Elizondo: Guadalupe. Mother of a New Creation. Orbis Books, Maryknoll, New York 1997.
  • Gisela Ermel: Rätselhafte Tilma von Guadalupe, Argo-Verlag, Marktoberdorf 2002, ISBN 3-9807812-9-1.
  • Francis Johnston: He has not done this to any people. The Miracle of Guadalupe. Christiana 1998, ISBN 3-7171-0882-4.
  • Enrique Krauze: Mexico, Biography of Power. A History of Modern Mexico 1810-1996, HarperCollins, New York 1997
  • Richard Nebel: Santa María Tonantzin Virgen de Guadelupe, Neue Zeitschrift für Religionswissenschaft, Vol. 40, Immensee 1992, ISBN 3-85824-072-9
  • William B. Taylor: Drinking, Homicide, and Rebellion in Colonial Mexican Villages. Stanford University Press, Stanford 1979.
  • Jacques Lafaye: Quetzacoatl and Guadalupe. The Formation of Mexican National Consciousness, 1531-1813. University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1976 (with a preface by Octavio Paz).
  • Stafford Poole: Our Lady of Guadalupe. The Origins and Sources of a Mexican National Symbol, 1531-1797. University of Arizona Press, Tucson 1995.
  • Lars A. Fischinger: The Miracle of Guadalupe. Silver cord 2007. ISBN 978-3-89845-174-1.


  1. Record number of pilgrims at Mexico’s Basilica of Guadalupe. Catholic News Agency, 14 December 2016.

Web links

Commons: Guadalupe (Mexico)– Album with pictures, videos and audio files

Coordinates 19° 29′ 4″ N, 99° 7′ 2″ W