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Franz Joseph Mangoldt

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West wall of the Aula Leopoldina of Wroclaw University

Franz Joseph Mangoldt (also Franz Josef Mangoldt; surname also Mangold; * 1695 presumably in Brno; † 1761) was a German Baroque sculptor who worked mainly in Silesia from 1725.

Life

Mathematical Tower with Mangoldt’s statue “Faculty of Law”

Franz Joseph Mangold’s life data are not known exactly. He was probably the son or another relative of the Brno sculptor Joseph Mangold(Mangolt), who came from Rottenbuch in the Bavarian Pfaffenwinkel. The latter is documented for the first time in Brno in 1694 and was a member of the St. Luke’s brotherhood there in 1700. Another relative was probably Johann Mangold, who created the sculptural furnishings for the Annenkirche in Nikolsburg, Moravia, around 1710.

Franz Joseph Mangoldt’s best-known works include the decorative furnishings of the Aula Leopoldina in Wroclaw, the Prince’s Hall in the Cistercian monastery of Leubus, works for the Trebnitz monastery and the parish churches in Leubus and Seitsch. His circle of artistic colleagues included Johann Christoph Handke, Christian Philipp Bentum, Johann Albrecht Siegwitz and Felix Anton Scheffler. He created his sculptures mainly from stucco marble, which was cast over a brick framework.

Franz Joseph Mangoldt was married to a daughter of the Schweidnitz sculptor Georg Leonhard Weber. Mangoldt’s daughter was married to the painter Johann Heinrich Kynast, who was probably a student of his.[1] Other pupils of Mangoldt were Ignaz Axter and Franz Anton Felder († 1782).

Works (selection)

Epitaph of the court chancellor Heinrich Gottfried von Spätgen in the Dorotheenkirche in Breslau

  • Wroclaw
    • St. Adalbert, Ceslaus Chapel: collaboration on the sculptural decoration (1725)
    • Jesuit Church of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus (from 1819 parish church of St. Matthias): St. Francis Xavier altar of stucco marble, two alabaster reliefs with scenes from the life of St. Francis Xavier, girder ear, ornamental filling of the wall surface (1725-1733); pulpit of marble and wood (1727/28)
    • Main building of the then Jesuit University of Wroclaw:
      • Aula Leopoldina: statues of the emperors Leopold I, Joseph I and Charles VI as well as allegorical figures (1731-1733);
      • Oratory Marianum: rich carving (1732)
      • Sandstone statues of the four faculties(theology, philosophy, medicine and law) at the Mathematical Tower (1733)
    • Sand church: stucco marble pulpit with reliefs and two larger-than-life girder moors (1739)
    • St. Elisabeth: Tomb for Johann Christoph Neumann and wife (after 1733; attributed)
    • Dorotheenkirche: Tomb of the Episcopal Court Chancellor Heinrich Gottfried von Spätgen (1752/53)
    • Former summer palace of the Wroclaw bishops(Websky palace): stucco work of the interiors (1749/50)
  • Leubus
    • Leubus Monastery: interior decoration of the Prince’s Hall with marble incrustation of the walls as well as stucco group of the emperors Leopold I, Josef I and Charles VI with mythological and allegorical figures; Moor portal (1734-1738) and garden sculptures (around 1739)
    • Parish Church of St. Valentine(Weinbergkirche): figures of the high altar, crucifixion altar, Mary’s altar and pulpit (1740-1745). Out of gratitude to the monastery of Leubus he created free of charge the sculptural decoration of the St. Nepomuk Chapel located in the parish church, for which Christian Philipp Bentum created, also free of charge, the altarpiece “Martyrdom of St. John of Nepomuk” and the painting “Confession of the Bohemian Queen”.[2]
  • Seitsch, St. Martin’s parish church: high altar with figures of St. Peter, St. Paul, St. Ambrose and St. Augustine and above them St. Benedict and St. Bernard; pulpit with scenes from the New Testament, on the sound cover “Christ the Redeemer” and putti with symbols of the Four Fathers of the Church (1738-1740)
  • Trebnitz Monastery: high altar with figures of St. Bartholomew, St. John the Baptist, St. John the Evangelist and St. Jude the Baptist (1747/48); pulpit with figure of the Risen Christ on the sound cover; figures of St. Hedwig and St. Elisabeth on the triumphal arch (1739-1745); alabaster figure of St. Hedwig in front of her funeral monument (1750/51)

Literature

  • Mangold, Franz Josef. In: Hans Vollmer (ed.): Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker. Volume 24: Mandere-Möhl . E. A. Seemann, Leipzig 1930, pp. 14-15
  • Dehio Handbook of Artistic Monuments in Poland. Silesia. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich et al. 2005, ISBN 3-422-03109-X, pp. 58, 66, 70, 564, 566 f., 833, 960 f., 1047, 1059, 1068, 1979 f. and 1139.

Individual references

  1. Beata Lejmann: Philip Christian Bentum malarz śląskiego baroku. Wydawnictwo Neriton, Warszawa 2008, ISBN 978-83-7543-033-2, p. 36, footnote 108.
  2. Both pictures were stolen in 1979; see on this Beata Lejmann …, p. 215