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Farmsum

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Farmsum
Flagge des Ortes Farmsum
Flag
Wappen des Ortes Farmsum
Coat of arms
Province Groningen Groningen
Community Eemsdelta
Area
– Land
– Water
2.13 km2
1.78 km2
0.35 km2
Inhabitants 1.615 (Jan. 1, 2020[1])
Coordinates 53° 19′ N, 6° 56′ ECoordinates 53° 19′ N, 6° 56′ O
Important traffic route N362 N990 N991 N992
Area code 0596
Postal codes 9723, 9932, 9934, 9936–9937, 9945, 9948
Lage von Farmsum in der Gemeinde Delfzijl

Location of Farmsum in the municipality of DelfzijlTemplate:Infobox Place in the Netherlands/Maintenance/Map

Farmsum is an ancient village in the province of Groningen in the Netherlands and was first incorporated into the town of Delfzijl and on 1 January 2021 with it into the merger municipality of Eemsdelta. The village has about 1615 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2020).[1]

History

Reformed Church at Farmsum

The northwestern old part of the village is situated on a former terp. Farmsum is already mentioned in documents around the year 1000 as “Fretmarashem”, in 1228 as “Fermeshem”. At the end of the 14th century the name was written as “Fyrmesen” and later as “Ferm Issum” and “Farremsem”.

During the French period, Farmsum was briefly an independent municipality (around 1809). The French had plans to build a large double fortress together with buildings in Delfzijl. But the plans were scrapped. During the siege of Delfzijl (1813-1814) Farmsum suffered from the shelling of the French cannons and also because the field of fire had to be cleared.

Farmsum had its own railway station. This station served the village from 1910 to 1934 for the trains of the railway line Zuidbroek-Delfzijl and from 1929 to 1941 for the railway line Groningen-Weiwerd (“Woldjerspoor”). In 1942 the station was demolished, except for the station café.

The Farmsum Reformed Church was built in 1869 to replace the ruined medieval church. Another monument in the village is the grain and husking mill Aeolus (named after the Greek wind god), which was moved to this site in the 1970s from its former position on the Ems Canal

In Farmsum there is a small community of immigrants from the Moluccas, called Molukkers in the Netherlands. They have been living here since 1951 (see also Molukkers in the Netherlands).

Sons and daughters

  • Dodo (II.) zu Innhausen und Knyphausen (* 1641; † 1698 in Berlin), Brandenburg-Prussian statesman.

Literature

  • Art. Farmsum. In: Wiebe Jannes Formsma, Riektje Annie Luitjens-Dijkveld Stol, Adolf Pathuis: De Ommelander borgen en steenhuizen. Van Gorcum, Assen 1973, ISBN 90-232-1047-6, pp. 107-113.

Web links

Commons: Farmsum– Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual references

  1. a b Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020. in: StatLine. Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, 13 November 2020, retrieved 11 February 2021 (Dutch).